Abstract

A new optical millimeter-wave generation scheme to triple the beating frequency based on subcarrier multiplexing in combination with single sideband technique is proposed, capable of high tolerance of fiber chromatic dispersion. The proposed scheme can be applied to two types of multiband 60-GHz wireless over fiber access systems: one with widely separated bands including millimeter-wave, microwave and baseband and the other one with multiple 60-GHz sub-bands. Experimental verification of the proposed system with widely separated bands is presented with the generation and error-free transmission of 2.1-Gb/s data on the 63-GHz mm-wave and 21-GHz microwave carriers over 50-km single-mode fiber (SMF-28) without dispersion compensation. The power penalties caused by 50-km fiber transmission for both signals are both less than 1.0 dB at BER of $10^{-9}$ Meanwhile, simultaneous generation and transmission of multiple services at 60-GHz sub-bands are also introduced. The experimental results demonstrate the successful delivery of the 1-Gbps data carried by 60-GHz millimeter-wave both over 50-km SMF-28 and wireless distance of 6-m without any dispersion compensation. The optical receiver sensitivity of the transmission with two sub-bands degrades by 2 dB compared with the single band 60-GHz signal, and the power penalty from 50-km SMF-28 transmission is 0.8 dB at BER of $10^{- 9}$. From the theoretical analysis and experimental demonstrations of the two multiband systems, it is concluded that the proposed millimeter-wave generation scheme indeed increase the transmission distance for the system with 60-GHz signal, which normally having SMF transmission distance of few tens of kilometers, by utilizing optical and electrical components with low-bandwidth requirements.

© 2011 IEEE

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  2. S. K. Yong, C.-C. Chong, "An overview of multigigabit wireless through millimeter wave technology: Potentials and technical challenges," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 1-10 (2007).
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  22. Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonics frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).
  23. “Amendment of Parts 2, 15 and 97 of the Commission's Rules to Permit Use of Radio Frequencies Above 40 GHz for New Radio Applications,” FCC FCC 95-499, ET Docket No. 94-124, RM-8308 (1995).

2010 (1)

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K.-I. Kitayama, "Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer," J. Lightw. Technol. 58, 3001-3010 (2010).

2009 (2)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and field demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

2008 (4)

A. Koonen, L. Garcia, "Radio-over-mmf techniques-part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).

C. Qingjiang, F. Hongyan, S. Yikai, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonics frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

2007 (7)

A. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, "Dispersion-tolerant millimeter-wave photonic link using polarization-dependent modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2984-2991 (2007).

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, C.-S. Park, "Photonic frequency upconversion by SBS-based frequency tripling," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1711-1718 (2007).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, K.-L. Lee, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Intermodulation distortion improvement for fiber-radio applications incorporating OSSB+C modulation in an optical integrated-access environment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1602-1612 (2007).

R. C. Daniels, R. W. Heath, "60-GHz wireless communications: Emerging requirements and design recommendations," IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag. 2, 41-50 (2007).

S. K. Yong, C.-C. Chong, "An overview of multigigabit wireless through millimeter wave technology: Potentials and technical challenges," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 1-10 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G.-K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3471 (2007).

J. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

2003 (1)

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3194-3202 (2003).

2001 (1)

A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Progress in millimeter-wave fiber-radio access networks," Ann. Telecommun. 56, 1-12 (2001).

2000 (2)

K. Kitayama, A. Stohr, T. Kuri, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jager, Y. Takahashi, "An approach to single optical component antenna base stations for broadband millimeter-wave fiber-radio access systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 48, 2588-2595 (2000).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

Ann. Telecommun. (1)

A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, "Progress in millimeter-wave fiber-radio access networks," Ann. Telecommun. 56, 1-12 (2001).

EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. (1)

S. K. Yong, C.-C. Chong, "An overview of multigigabit wireless through millimeter wave technology: Potentials and technical challenges," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 1-10 (2007).

IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag. (1)

R. C. Daniels, R. W. Heath, "60-GHz wireless communications: Emerging requirements and design recommendations," IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag. 2, 41-50 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 478-480 (2008).

C. Qingjiang, F. Hongyan, S. Yikai, "Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, J. A. Buck, G.-K. Chang, "Multiband signal generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission based on photonics frequency tripling technology for 60-GHz radio-over-fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1470-1472 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

K. Kitayama, A. Stohr, T. Kuri, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jager, Y. Takahashi, "An approach to single optical component antenna base stations for broadband millimeter-wave fiber-radio access systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 48, 2588-2595 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, "Dispersion-tolerant millimeter-wave photonic link using polarization-dependent modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2984-2991 (2007).

A. Koonen, L. Garcia, "Radio-over-mmf techniques-part II: Microwave to millimeter-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, C.-S. Park, "Photonic frequency upconversion by SBS-based frequency tripling," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1711-1718 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, K.-L. Lee, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Intermodulation distortion improvement for fiber-radio applications incorporating OSSB+C modulation in an optical integrated-access environment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1602-1612 (2007).

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Y.-T. Hsueh, G.-K. Chang, "Advanced system technologies and field demonstration for in-building optical-wireless network with integrated broadband services," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1920-1927 (2009).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G.-K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3471 (2007).

J. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: Architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3374-3380 (2007).

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3194-3202 (2003).

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K.-I. Kitayama, "Reconfigurable radio-over-fiber networks multiple-access functionality directly over the optical layer," J. Lightw. Technol. 58, 3001-3010 (2010).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

Other (4)

IEEE 802.15.3c Working Group Homepage. http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3c.html.

WirelessHD\texttrademark 1.0 Specification. http://www.wirelesshd.org/.

High Rate 60 GHz PHY, MAC and HDMI PAL Standard ECMA-387 (2008) under ballot in JTC 1 as ISO/IEC DIS 13156.

“Amendment of Parts 2, 15 and 97 of the Commission's Rules to Permit Use of Radio Frequencies Above 40 GHz for New Radio Applications,” FCC FCC 95-499, ET Docket No. 94-124, RM-8308 (1995).

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