Abstract

Simultaneous all-optical wavelength conversion of an 80-Gb/s return-to-zero differential quadrature phase shift keying (RZ-DQPSK) data signal and a 40-Gb/s return-to-zero ON--OFF keying (RZ-OOK) data signal using a Ti:PPLN waveguide in a polarization-diversity loop configuration are demonstrated. The wavelength conversion is fully transparent to polarization, data rate, modulation format, and modulation level. The conversion efficiency for the signals was ${-}21$ dB, which includes 9.2-dB passive losses in the whole Ti:PPLN subsystem. Error-free performance for both wavelength-converted signals was achieved for polarization-scrambled input data signals without additional penalty caused by the polarization scrambling.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. S. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).
  2. C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Giles, D. T. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).
  3. H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion ," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).
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  5. M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, T. Yagi, "Arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire CL-band based on pump-wavelength-tunable FWM in a HNLF ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2010 San DiegoCA Paper OWP4.
  6. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, G. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier ," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).
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  16. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).
  17. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, "Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194-196 (2001).
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  20. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, I. Brener, "Optical signal processing and switching with second order nonlinearities in waveguides ," IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 869-874 (2000).

2010 (2)

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion ," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, C. Schubert, "Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide," Appl. Phys. B. 101, 875-882 (2010).

2008 (2)

M. Galili, L. Oxenlowe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "Optical wavelength conversion by cross-phase modulation of data signals up to 640 Gb/s ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 573-579 (2008).

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, H. Suzuki, "Highly efficient $+5$-dB parametric gain conversion using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15-17 (2008).

2007 (1)

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, G. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier ," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

2006 (2)

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, M. M. Fejer, "All-optical signal processing using $\chi ^{(2)}$ nonlinearities in guided-wave devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2579-2592 (2006).

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).

2004 (1)

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, M. Vidmar, "Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gbit/s link," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 356-362 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Giles, D. T. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).

2001 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, "Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194-196 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, I. Brener, "Optical signal processing and switching with second order nonlinearities in waveguides ," IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 869-874 (2000).

1996 (1)

S. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

1978 (1)

A. M. Glass, "The photorefractive effects," Opt. Eng. 17, 470-479 (1978).

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, C. Schubert, "Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide," Appl. Phys. B. 101, 875-882 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, H. Suzuki, "Highly efficient $+5$-dB parametric gain conversion using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15-17 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Caccioli, A. Paoletti, A. Schiffini, A. Galtarossa, P. Griggio, G. Lorenzetto, P. Minzioni, S. Cascelli, M. Guglielmucci, L. Lattanzi, F. Matera, G. Beleffi, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, H. Suche, S. Vehovc, M. Vidmar, "Field demonstration of in-line all-optical wavelength conversion in a WDM dispersion managed 40-Gbit/s link," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 356-362 (2004).

M. Galili, L. Oxenlowe, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "Optical wavelength conversion by cross-phase modulation of data signals up to 640 Gb/s ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 573-579 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, "Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194-196 (2001).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, I. Brener, "Optical signal processing and switching with second order nonlinearities in waveguides ," IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 869-874 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, M. M. Fejer, "All-optical signal processing using $\chi ^{(2)}$ nonlinearities in guided-wave devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2579-2592 (2006).

S. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Giles, D. T. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. Koonen, G. Khoe, X. Shu, I. Bennion, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier ," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion ," Opt. Exp. 18, 9961-9966 (2010).

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. M. Glass, "The photorefractive effects," Opt. Eng. 17, 470-479 (1978).

Other (7)

J. Buck, R. Trebino, Nonlinear Optics (Wiley-VCH, 2006).

G. Lu, S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, H. Ito, "160-Gb/s tunable all-optical phase-transparent wavelength conversion through cascaded SFG-DFG in a linear-chirped PPLN waveguide," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper OWP3.

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, T. Yagi, "Arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire CL-band based on pump-wavelength-tunable FWM in a HNLF ," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2010 San DiegoCA Paper OWP4.

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, H. Zhang, "All-optical wavelength conversion of 80 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. 2008 () pp. 135-136.

C. M. Gallep, O. Raz, H. J. Dorren, "Polarization independent dual wavelength converter based on FWM in a single semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2010 San DiegoCA Paper OWP2.

B. Huettl, A. Gual i Coca, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Weber, W. Sohler, C. Schubert, "320 Gbit/s DQPSK all-optical wavelength conversion using periodically poled LiNbO3," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. BaltimoreMD (2007) Paper CThF1.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, I. Fazal, A. Willner, "320 Gb/s nonlinear operations based on a PPLN waveguide for optical multiplexing and wavelength conversion," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThS5.

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