Abstract

Previous investigations have revealed that the impairments of the cross-phase modulation (XPM) in dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) systems include two aspects: the XPM-induced phase noise and the XPM-induced polarization scattering. Such XPM phenomena are strongly dependent on the transmission system configurations and are nonintuitive. In this paper, a simple fiber model is proposed to facilitate the determination of XPM effects. By employing this model, the phase noise and polarization scattering are calculated based on the system configurations and the time-consuming computation by the split step Fourier method is avoided. The proposed model is verified by the dual polarization quadrature phase-shift keying coherent DWDM experiments and simulations in terms of the variance and autocorrelations of phase noise and polarization crosstalk as well as their dependence on relative polarization states and the overall Q-impairment. The proposed model helps deeper analysis of XPM phenomena, and eventually, leads to development of various XPM mitigation methods through transmission system design and coherent receiver DSP.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Bononi, P. Serena, N. Rossi, "Nonlinear limits in single- and dual-polarization transmission," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Topics Meet. (2010) pp. 38-39.
  2. E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416 -3425 (2008).
  3. S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, "112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThR6.
  4. L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWW3.
  5. L. Dou, Z. Tao, L. Li, W. Yan, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "A low complexity predistortion method for intrachannel nonlinearity," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThF5.
  6. T. Chiang, N. Kagi, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Cross-phase modulation in fiber links with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 249-260 (1996).
  7. K. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2005).
  8. Z. Tao, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "A simplified model for nonlinear cross-phase modulation in hybrid optical coherent system," Opt. Exp. 17, 13860-13868 (2009).
  9. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, F. Heismann, "Polarization scattering by soliton-soliton collisions," Opt. Lett. 20, 2060-2062 (1995).
  10. C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2806-2826 (2006).
  11. M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, "Effects of nonlinearities on PMD-induced system impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4127- 4137 (2006).
  12. M. Winter, C. Bunge, D. Setti, K. Petermann, "A statistical treatment of cross-polarization modulation in DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3739 -3751 (2009).
  13. Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Effects of polarization-mode dispersion on cross-phase modulation in dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22 , 977-987 (2004).
  14. P. Serena, N. Rossi, A. Bononi, "Nonlinear penalty reduction induced by PMD in 112 Gbit/s WDM PDM-QPSK coherent systems," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper 10.4.3.
  15. R. Khosravani, "Timing-jitter in high bit-rate WDM communication systems due to PMD-nonlinearity interaction," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OFF7.
  16. Z. Pan, Q. Yu, Y. Arieli, A. E. Willner, "The effects of XPM-induced fast polarization-state fluctuations on PMD compensated WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1963-1965 (2004).
  17. J. K. L. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, "Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3425-3432 (2009).
  18. K. Roberts, M. O'Sullivan, K. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, C. Laperle, "Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3546-3559 (2009).
  19. Z. Tao, W. Yan, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "The impact of DWDM channel de-correlation method in optical PSK coherent transmission experiment," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) Vienna Austria (Sep. 2009) Paper 9.4.2.
  20. L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2010) Paper OWE3.
  21. P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4 $\,\times\,$100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).
  22. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, "Suppression of XPM penalty on 40-Gb/s DQPSK resulting from 10-Gb/s OOK channels by dispersion management," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OMQ6.
  23. A. S. Lenihan, G. E. Tudury, W. Astar, G. M. Carter, "XPM-induced impairments in RZ-DPSK transmission in a multimodulation format WDM system," Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) Conf. BaltimoreMD (2005) Paper CWO5.
  24. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Impact of channel plan and dispersion map on hybrid DWDM transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1801-1803 (2007).
  25. O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, K. Croussore, I. Kim, T. Naito, "Suppression of XPM penalty in dispersion managed hybrid 10G/40G/100G DWDM networks using group delay management," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P4.04.
  26. C. Fürst, J.-P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, S. Herbst, M. Camera, F. Cavaliere, A. Ehrhardt, D. Breuer, D. Fritzsche, S. Vorbeck, M. Schneiders, W. Weiershausen, R. Leppla, J. Wendler, M. Schrödel, T. Wuth, C. Fludger, T. Duthel, B. Milivojevic, C. Schulien, "Analysis of crosstalk in mixed 43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK and 10.7 Gb/s DWDM systems at 50 GHz channel spacing," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OThS2.
  27. B. Spinnler, N. Kecker-Denschlag, S. Calabro, M. Herz, D.-J. Weiske, E.-D. Schmidt, D. van den Borne, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, R. Griffin, S. Wadsworth, "Nonlinear tolerance of differential phase shift keying modulated signals reduced by XPM," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper TuF3.
  28. H. Griesser, J. Elbers, "Influence of cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise on DQPSK signals from neighboring OOK channels," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) GlasgowScotland (2005) Paper Tu.1.2.2.
  29. J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, O. B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, M. Salsi, S. Bigo, "Experimental analysis of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK long-haul transmission under constraints of typical terrestrial networks," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Th.2.A.3.
  30. S. Bigo, G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, "Overlaying coherent-detection channels over direct-detection channels in multibit-rate systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OTuD1.
  31. C. Xie, Z. Wang, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Nonlinear polarization scattering impairments and mitigation in 10-Gbaud polarization-division-multiplexed WDM systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OTuD6.
  32. C. Xie, "Interchannel nonlinearities in coherent polarization-division-multiplexed quadrature-phase-shift-keying systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 274-276 (2009).
  33. X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, D. A. Fishman, "Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).
  34. C. Xie, "Suppression of interchannel nonlinearities in WDM coherent PDM-QPSK systems using periodic-group-delay dispersion compensators," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P4.08.
  35. H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono, G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2196-2203 (2002).
  36. L. Li, Z. Tao, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, M. Yuki, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Adaptive optimization for digital carrier phase estimation in optical coherent receivers," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Topics Meet. (Jul.) pp. 121 -122.
  37. W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Multi-stage carrier phase recovery and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for XPM mitigation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWW5.
  38. L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "XPM tolerant adaptive carrier phase recovery for coherent receiver based on phase noise statistics monitoring," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P3.16.
  39. Z. Tao, L. Li, L. Liu, W. Yan, H. Nakashima, T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Improvements to digital carrier phase recovery algorithm for high-performance optical coherent receivers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1201-1209 (2010).
  40. K. V. Peddanarappagari, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 2232-2241 (1997).
  41. B. Xu, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Modified volterra series transfer function method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 47-49 (2002).

2010 (1)

Z. Tao, L. Li, L. Liu, W. Yan, H. Nakashima, T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Improvements to digital carrier phase recovery algorithm for high-performance optical coherent receivers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1201-1209 (2010).

2009 (5)

J. K. L. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, "Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3425-3432 (2009).

K. Roberts, M. O'Sullivan, K. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, C. Laperle, "Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3546-3559 (2009).

C. Xie, "Interchannel nonlinearities in coherent polarization-division-multiplexed quadrature-phase-shift-keying systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 274-276 (2009).

Z. Tao, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "A simplified model for nonlinear cross-phase modulation in hybrid optical coherent system," Opt. Exp. 17, 13860-13868 (2009).

M. Winter, C. Bunge, D. Setti, K. Petermann, "A statistical treatment of cross-polarization modulation in DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3739 -3751 (2009).

2008 (1)

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416 -3425 (2008).

2007 (1)

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Impact of channel plan and dispersion map on hybrid DWDM transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1801-1803 (2007).

2006 (2)

C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2806-2826 (2006).

M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, "Effects of nonlinearities on PMD-induced system impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4127- 4137 (2006).

2005 (1)

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, D. A. Fishman, "Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).

2004 (3)

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4 $\,\times\,$100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).

Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Effects of polarization-mode dispersion on cross-phase modulation in dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22 , 977-987 (2004).

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, Y. Arieli, A. E. Willner, "The effects of XPM-induced fast polarization-state fluctuations on PMD compensated WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1963-1965 (2004).

2002 (2)

H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono, G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2196-2203 (2002).

B. Xu, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Modified volterra series transfer function method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 47-49 (2002).

1997 (1)

K. V. Peddanarappagari, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 2232-2241 (1997).

1996 (1)

T. Chiang, N. Kagi, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Cross-phase modulation in fiber links with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 249-260 (1996).

1995 (1)

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. Roberts, M. O'Sullivan, K. Wu, H. Sun, A. Awadalla, D. J. Krause, C. Laperle, "Performance of dual-polarization QPSK for optical transport systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3546-3559 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Tao, L. Li, L. Liu, W. Yan, H. Nakashima, T. Tanimura, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Improvements to digital carrier phase recovery algorithm for high-performance optical coherent receivers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1201-1209 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

B. Xu, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Modified volterra series transfer function method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 47-49 (2002).

Z. Pan, Q. Yu, Y. Arieli, A. E. Willner, "The effects of XPM-induced fast polarization-state fluctuations on PMD compensated WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1963-1965 (2004).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Impact of channel plan and dispersion map on hybrid DWDM transmission of 42.7-Gb/s DQPSK and 10.7-Gb/s OOK on 50-GHz grid," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1801-1803 (2007).

P. S. Cho, G. Harston, C. J. Kerr, A. S. Greenblatt, A. Kaplan, Y. Achiam, G. Levy-Yurista, M. Margalit, Y. Gross, J. B. Khurgin, "Investigation of 2-b/s/Hz 40-Gb/s DWDM transmission over 4 $\,\times\,$100 km SMF-28 fiber using RZ-DQPSK and polarization multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 656-658 (2004).

C. Xie, "Interchannel nonlinearities in coherent polarization-division-multiplexed quadrature-phase-shift-keying systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 274-276 (2009).

X. Liu, X. Wei, J. Ying, D. A. Fishman, "Scalable dispersion management for hybrid 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s DWDM transmissions with high nonlinear tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1980-1982 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (9)

H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono, G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2196-2203 (2002).

J. K. L. Fischer, C.-A. Bunge, K. Petermann, "Equivalent single-span model for dispersion-managed fiber-optic transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3425-3432 (2009).

C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2806-2826 (2006).

M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, "Effects of nonlinearities on PMD-induced system impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4127- 4137 (2006).

M. Winter, C. Bunge, D. Setti, K. Petermann, "A statistical treatment of cross-polarization modulation in DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3739 -3751 (2009).

Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Effects of polarization-mode dispersion on cross-phase modulation in dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22 , 977-987 (2004).

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416 -3425 (2008).

T. Chiang, N. Kagi, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Cross-phase modulation in fiber links with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 249-260 (1996).

K. V. Peddanarappagari, M. Brandt-Pearce, "Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 2232-2241 (1997).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Z. Tao, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "A simplified model for nonlinear cross-phase modulation in hybrid optical coherent system," Opt. Exp. 17, 13860-13868 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (22)

K. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2005).

S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, C. Ohshima, H. Nakashima, Z. Tao, J. C. Rasmussen, "112 Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission using a novel nonlinear compensator in digital coherent receiver," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OThR6.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Implementation efficient nonlinear equalizer based on correlated digital backpropagation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWW3.

L. Dou, Z. Tao, L. Li, W. Yan, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "A low complexity predistortion method for intrachannel nonlinearity," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThF5.

P. Serena, N. Rossi, A. Bononi, "Nonlinear penalty reduction induced by PMD in 112 Gbit/s WDM PDM-QPSK coherent systems," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper 10.4.3.

R. Khosravani, "Timing-jitter in high bit-rate WDM communication systems due to PMD-nonlinearity interaction," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OFF7.

Z. Tao, W. Yan, L. Dou, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "The impact of DWDM channel de-correlation method in optical PSK coherent transmission experiment," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) Vienna Austria (Sep. 2009) Paper 9.4.2.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for dual-polarization digital coherent receivers," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2010) Paper OWE3.

L. Li, Z. Tao, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, M. Yuki, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Adaptive optimization for digital carrier phase estimation in optical coherent receivers," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Topics Meet. (Jul.) pp. 121 -122.

W. Yan, Z. Tao, L. Li, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Multi-stage carrier phase recovery and nonlinear polarization crosstalk canceller for XPM mitigation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OWW5.

L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Liu, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "XPM tolerant adaptive carrier phase recovery for coherent receiver based on phase noise statistics monitoring," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P3.16.

C. Xie, "Suppression of interchannel nonlinearities in WDM coherent PDM-QPSK systems using periodic-group-delay dispersion compensators," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P4.08.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, "Suppression of XPM penalty on 40-Gb/s DQPSK resulting from 10-Gb/s OOK channels by dispersion management," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OMQ6.

A. S. Lenihan, G. E. Tudury, W. Astar, G. M. Carter, "XPM-induced impairments in RZ-DPSK transmission in a multimodulation format WDM system," Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) Conf. BaltimoreMD (2005) Paper CWO5.

O. Vassilieva, T. Hoshida, K. Croussore, I. Kim, T. Naito, "Suppression of XPM penalty in dispersion managed hybrid 10G/40G/100G DWDM networks using group delay management," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P4.04.

C. Fürst, J.-P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, S. Herbst, M. Camera, F. Cavaliere, A. Ehrhardt, D. Breuer, D. Fritzsche, S. Vorbeck, M. Schneiders, W. Weiershausen, R. Leppla, J. Wendler, M. Schrödel, T. Wuth, C. Fludger, T. Duthel, B. Milivojevic, C. Schulien, "Analysis of crosstalk in mixed 43 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK and 10.7 Gb/s DWDM systems at 50 GHz channel spacing," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OThS2.

B. Spinnler, N. Kecker-Denschlag, S. Calabro, M. Herz, D.-J. Weiske, E.-D. Schmidt, D. van den Borne, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, R. Griffin, S. Wadsworth, "Nonlinear tolerance of differential phase shift keying modulated signals reduced by XPM," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper TuF3.

H. Griesser, J. Elbers, "Influence of cross-phase modulation induced nonlinear phase noise on DQPSK signals from neighboring OOK channels," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) GlasgowScotland (2005) Paper Tu.1.2.2.

J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, O. B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, M. Salsi, S. Bigo, "Experimental analysis of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK long-haul transmission under constraints of typical terrestrial networks," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Th.2.A.3.

S. Bigo, G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, "Overlaying coherent-detection channels over direct-detection channels in multibit-rate systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OTuD1.

C. Xie, Z. Wang, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Nonlinear polarization scattering impairments and mitigation in 10-Gbaud polarization-division-multiplexed WDM systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OTuD6.

A. Bononi, P. Serena, N. Rossi, "Nonlinear limits in single- and dual-polarization transmission," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Topics Meet. (2010) pp. 38-39.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.