Abstract

We propose an alternative photonic scheme to generate a doublet ultrawideband (UWB) pulse, which is based on the combined use of nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) and optical parametric amplification (OPA). The proposed scheme uses NPR together with OPA in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber to produce an ideal transfer function with which input Gaussian pulses are successfully converted into doublet pulses. An experimental demonstration was carried out to verify the working principle. The system performance of the generated UWB doublet pulses was assessed by propagating them over a 20-km-long fiber link, followed by wireless transmission. Error-free transmission was successfully achieved at a data rate of 1.25 Gb/s.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).
  2. M. J. Copps, K. J. Martin, Revision of Part 15 of the Commission's Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems Fed. Commun. Commission, Washington. D.C., Tech. Rep. ET-Docket 98-153, FCC02-48 (2002).
  3. M. Z. Win, R. A. Scholtz, "Ultra-wide bandwidth time-hopping spread-spectrum impulse radio for wireless multiple-access communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 679-689 (2000).
  4. R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).
  5. M. Y. Wah, C. Yee, M. L. Yee, "Wireless ultra wideband communications using radio over fiber," Proc. IEEE Conf. Ultra Wideband Syst. Technol. (2003) pp. 265-269.
  6. W.-P. Lin, Y.-C. Chen, "Design of a new optical impulse radio system for ultra-wideband wireless communications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 882-887 (2006).
  7. Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).
  8. J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Exp. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).
  9. F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).
  10. V. T. Company, K. Prince, I. T. Monroy, "Fiber transmission and generation of ultrawideband pulses by direct current modulation of semiconductor lasers and chirp-to-intensity conversion," Opt. Lett. 33, 222-224 (2008).
  11. T.-H. Wu, J. Wu, Y.-J. Chiu, "Novel ultra-wideband (UWB) photonic generation through photodetection and cross-absorption modulation in a single electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 18, 3379-3384 (2010).
  12. J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "All-optical ultra-wideband monocycle generation utilizing gain saturation of a dark return-to-zero signal in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2158-2160 (2007).
  13. F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross-phase modulation and frequency discriminator," Electron. Lett. 43, 121-122 (2007).
  14. J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, S. Fu, P. Shum, "Ultrawideband monocycle generation using cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 1223-1225 (2007).
  15. H. Huang, K. Xu, J. Li, J. Wu, X. Hong, J. Lin, "UWB pulse generation and distribution using a NOLM based optical switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2635-2640 (2008).
  16. J. Li, B. P.-P. Kuo, K. K.-Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation and based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).
  17. K. Kitayama, Y. Kimura, S. Seikai, "Fiber-optic logic gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 317-319 (1985).
  18. R. Stolen, J. Bjorkholm, "Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062-1072 (1982).
  19. S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, H.-G. Weber, "An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674-680 (2008).
  20. Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, J. H. Lee, "Ultra-wideband doublet pulse generation based on nonlinear polarization rotation of an elliptically polarized beam and its distribution over a fiber/wireless link," Opt. Exp. 18, 20072-20085 (2010).
  21. C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).
  22. Y. M. Chang, J. S. Lee, D. Koh, H. Chung, J. H. Lee, "Ultra-wideband doublet pulse generation based on semiconductor electroabsorption modulator and its distribution over a fiber/wireless link," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 600-608 (2010).
  23. M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, X. Yu, R. Llorente, I. T. Monroy, "Experimental performance comparison of 60 GHz DCM OFDM and impulse BPSK ultra-wideband with combined optical fibre and wireless transmission," Eur. Conf. Optical Communication TorinoItaly (2010) Paper Th.9.B.3.

2010

T.-H. Wu, J. Wu, Y.-J. Chiu, "Novel ultra-wideband (UWB) photonic generation through photodetection and cross-absorption modulation in a single electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 18, 3379-3384 (2010).

Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, J. H. Lee, "Ultra-wideband doublet pulse generation based on nonlinear polarization rotation of an elliptically polarized beam and its distribution over a fiber/wireless link," Opt. Exp. 18, 20072-20085 (2010).

Y. M. Chang, J. S. Lee, D. Koh, H. Chung, J. H. Lee, "Ultra-wideband doublet pulse generation based on semiconductor electroabsorption modulator and its distribution over a fiber/wireless link," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 600-608 (2010).

2009

J. Li, B. P.-P. Kuo, K. K.-Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation and based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).

2008

V. T. Company, K. Prince, I. T. Monroy, "Fiber transmission and generation of ultrawideband pulses by direct current modulation of semiconductor lasers and chirp-to-intensity conversion," Opt. Lett. 33, 222-224 (2008).

H. Huang, K. Xu, J. Li, J. Wu, X. Hong, J. Lin, "UWB pulse generation and distribution using a NOLM based optical switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2635-2640 (2008).

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, H.-G. Weber, "An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674-680 (2008).

2007

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "All-optical ultra-wideband monocycle generation utilizing gain saturation of a dark return-to-zero signal in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2158-2160 (2007).

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross-phase modulation and frequency discriminator," Electron. Lett. 43, 121-122 (2007).

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, S. Fu, P. Shum, "Ultrawideband monocycle generation using cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 1223-1225 (2007).

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Exp. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).

2006

F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

W.-P. Lin, Y.-C. Chen, "Design of a new optical impulse radio system for ultra-wideband wireless communications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 882-887 (2006).

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

2003

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

2000

M. Z. Win, R. A. Scholtz, "Ultra-wide bandwidth time-hopping spread-spectrum impulse radio for wireless multiple-access communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 679-689 (2000).

C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).

1985

K. Kitayama, Y. Kimura, S. Seikai, "Fiber-optic logic gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 317-319 (1985).

1982

R. Stolen, J. Bjorkholm, "Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062-1072 (1982).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kimura, S. Seikai, "Fiber-optic logic gate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 317-319 (1985).

Electron. Lett.

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross-phase modulation and frequency discriminator," Electron. Lett. 43, 121-122 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Stolen, J. Bjorkholm, "Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062-1072 (1982).

C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, B. Huettl, C. Schubert, H.-G. Weber, "An optical parametric amplified fiber switch for optical signal processing and regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 674-680 (2008).

W.-P. Lin, Y.-C. Chen, "Design of a new optical impulse radio system for ultra-wideband wireless communications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 882-887 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

J. Li, B. P.-P. Kuo, K. K.-Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation and based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).

F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

M. Z. Win, R. A. Scholtz, "Ultra-wide bandwidth time-hopping spread-spectrum impulse radio for wireless multiple-access communications," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 679-689 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol.

H. Huang, K. Xu, J. Li, J. Wu, X. Hong, J. Lin, "UWB pulse generation and distribution using a NOLM based optical switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2635-2640 (2008).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

Opt. Exp.

Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, J. H. Lee, "Ultra-wideband doublet pulse generation based on nonlinear polarization rotation of an elliptically polarized beam and its distribution over a fiber/wireless link," Opt. Exp. 18, 20072-20085 (2010).

T.-H. Wu, J. Wu, Y.-J. Chiu, "Novel ultra-wideband (UWB) photonic generation through photodetection and cross-absorption modulation in a single electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 18, 3379-3384 (2010).

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Exp. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Y. Wah, C. Yee, M. L. Yee, "Wireless ultra wideband communications using radio over fiber," Proc. IEEE Conf. Ultra Wideband Syst. Technol. (2003) pp. 265-269.

M. J. Copps, K. J. Martin, Revision of Part 15 of the Commission's Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems Fed. Commun. Commission, Washington. D.C., Tech. Rep. ET-Docket 98-153, FCC02-48 (2002).

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, X. Yu, R. Llorente, I. T. Monroy, "Experimental performance comparison of 60 GHz DCM OFDM and impulse BPSK ultra-wideband with combined optical fibre and wireless transmission," Eur. Conf. Optical Communication TorinoItaly (2010) Paper Th.9.B.3.

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