Abstract

The modeling of a side-polished plastic optical fiber as a sensor of two distinct physical parameters is presented. A comprehensive analytical study is performed using a geometric optic approach. Different details are taken into account, such as the geometric description of the sensor, the intensity profile of the emitter, and the possibility of a multireflection for a light ray at the sensitive area. The good agreement between the experimental and theoretical results validates the developed analytical model.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).
  2. O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer-Verlag, 2008).
  3. T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).
  4. N. Souza, C. Beres, E. Yugue, C. Carvalho, J. Neto, M. Silva, M. Werneck, M. Miguel, "Development of a biosensor based in polymeric optical fiber to detect cells in water and fluids," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.
  5. C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).
  6. Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).
  7. A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).
  8. M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).
  9. Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).
  10. K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).
  11. L. Bilro, J. Oliveira, R. Nogueira, J. L. Pinto, "Gait monitoring with a wearable plastic optical sensor," Proc. IEEE Sens.—Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng. (2008) pp. 787-790.
  12. A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).
  13. M. Lomer, J. Arrue, C. Jauregui, P. Aiestaran, J. Zubia, J. Higuera, "Lateral polishing of bends in plastic optical fibres applied to a multipoint liquid-level measurement sensor," Sens. Actuators A 137, 68-73 (2007).
  14. B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).
  15. H. Poisel, H. Meedt, M. Luber, J. Niewisch, "Fiber optic liquid level sensor—FOLLS," Proc. Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibres (2007) pp. 178-181.
  16. K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).
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  23. L. Bilro, J. L. Pinto, R. Nogueira, "Enhanced bend sensitivity of a side-polished POF based sensor," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.

2010

C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).

Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).

A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).

2009

Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).

B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).

2008

M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).

T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).

K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).

2007

M. Lomer, J. Arrue, C. Jauregui, P. Aiestaran, J. Zubia, J. Higuera, "Lateral polishing of bends in plastic optical fibres applied to a multipoint liquid-level measurement sensor," Sens. Actuators A 137, 68-73 (2007).

2006

A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).

2003

2002

K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

2001

J. Senosiain, I. Díaz, A. Gastón, J. Sevilla, "High sensitivity temperature sensor based on side-polished optical fiber," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 1656-1660 (2001).

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

1992

1991

1957

N. Kapany, J. Pike, "Fiber optics—Part IV: A photorefractometer," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 47, 1109-1117 (1957).

Analyst

B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

J. Senosiain, I. Díaz, A. Gastón, J. Sevilla, "High sensitivity temperature sensor based on side-polished optical fiber," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 1656-1660 (2001).

IEEE Sens. J.

M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

N. Kapany, J. Pike, "Fiber optics—Part IV: A photorefractometer," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 47, 1109-1117 (1957).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

Opt. Fiber Technol.

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

Opt. Commun.

Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).

Opt. Laser Technol.

Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).

Sens. Actuators A

K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).

M. Lomer, J. Arrue, C. Jauregui, P. Aiestaran, J. Zubia, J. Higuera, "Lateral polishing of bends in plastic optical fibres applied to a multipoint liquid-level measurement sensor," Sens. Actuators A 137, 68-73 (2007).

Sens. Actuators A

T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).

Sens. Actuators B

C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).

Sensors

A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).

Other

H. Poisel, H. Meedt, M. Luber, J. Niewisch, "Fiber optic liquid level sensor—FOLLS," Proc. Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibres (2007) pp. 178-181.

N. Souza, C. Beres, E. Yugue, C. Carvalho, J. Neto, M. Silva, M. Werneck, M. Miguel, "Development of a biosensor based in polymeric optical fiber to detect cells in water and fluids," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

L. Bilro, J. Oliveira, R. Nogueira, J. L. Pinto, "Gait monitoring with a wearable plastic optical sensor," Proc. IEEE Sens.—Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng. (2008) pp. 787-790.

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, G. Fuster, D. Kalymnios, "Light power behaviour when bending plastic optical fibres," Proc. IEE Optoelectron. (1998) pp. 313-318.

L. Bilro, J. L. Pinto, R. Nogueira, "Enhanced bend sensitivity of a side-polished POF based sensor," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.

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