Abstract

The modeling of a side-polished plastic optical fiber as a sensor of two distinct physical parameters is presented. A comprehensive analytical study is performed using a geometric optic approach. Different details are taken into account, such as the geometric description of the sensor, the intensity profile of the emitter, and the possibility of a multireflection for a light ray at the sensitive area. The good agreement between the experimental and theoretical results validates the developed analytical model.

© 2011 IEEE

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  2. O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer-Verlag, 2008).
  3. T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).
  4. N. Souza, C. Beres, E. Yugue, C. Carvalho, J. Neto, M. Silva, M. Werneck, M. Miguel, "Development of a biosensor based in polymeric optical fiber to detect cells in water and fluids," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.
  5. C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).
  6. Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).
  7. A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).
  8. M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).
  9. Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).
  10. K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).
  11. L. Bilro, J. Oliveira, R. Nogueira, J. L. Pinto, "Gait monitoring with a wearable plastic optical sensor," Proc. IEEE Sens.—Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng. (2008) pp. 787-790.
  12. A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).
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  14. B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).
  15. H. Poisel, H. Meedt, M. Luber, J. Niewisch, "Fiber optic liquid level sensor—FOLLS," Proc. Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibres (2007) pp. 178-181.
  16. K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).
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2010 (3)

C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).

Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).

A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).

2009 (2)

Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).

B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).

2008 (3)

M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).

T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).

K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).

2007 (1)

M. Lomer, J. Arrue, C. Jauregui, P. Aiestaran, J. Zubia, J. Higuera, "Lateral polishing of bends in plastic optical fibres applied to a multipoint liquid-level measurement sensor," Sens. Actuators A 137, 68-73 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

2001 (2)

J. Senosiain, I. Díaz, A. Gastón, J. Sevilla, "High sensitivity temperature sensor based on side-polished optical fiber," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 1656-1660 (2001).

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1957 (1)

N. Kapany, J. Pike, "Fiber optics—Part IV: A photorefractometer," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 47, 1109-1117 (1957).

Analyst (1)

B. Beam, N. Armstrong, S. Mendes, "An electroactive fiber optic chip for spectroelectrochemical characterization of ultrathin redox-active films," Analyst 134, 454-459 (2009).

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. Senosiain, I. Díaz, A. Gastón, J. Sevilla, "High sensitivity temperature sensor based on side-polished optical fiber," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 1656-1660 (2001).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

M. Kovacevic, A. Djordjevich, D. Nikezic, "Analytical optimization of optical fiber curvature gauges," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 227-232 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

N. Kapany, J. Pike, "Fiber optics—Part IV: A photorefractometer," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 47, 1109-1117 (1957).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Babchenko, Z. Weinberger, N. Itzkovich, J. Maryles, "Plastic optical fibre with structural imperfections as a displacement sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1157-1161 (2006).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

K. Kuang, W. Cantwell, P. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Xie, J. Tao, Y. Lu, K. Lin, J. Yan, P. Wang, H. Ming, "Polymer optical fiber SERS sensor with gold nanorods," Opt. Commun. 282, 439-442 (2009).

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Y. Fu, H. Di, R. Liu, "Light intensity modulation fiber-optic sensor for curvature measurement," Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 594-599 (2010).

Sens. Actuators A (2)

K. Kuang, S. Quek, M. Maalej, "Remote flood monitoring system based on plastic optical fibres and wireless motes," Sens. Actuators A 147, 449-455 (2008).

M. Lomer, J. Arrue, C. Jauregui, P. Aiestaran, J. Zubia, J. Higuera, "Lateral polishing of bends in plastic optical fibres applied to a multipoint liquid-level measurement sensor," Sens. Actuators A 137, 68-73 (2007).

Sens. Actuators A (1)

T. Yeo, T. Sun, K. Grattan, "Fibre-optic sensor technologies for humidity and moisture measurement," Sens. Actuators A 144, 280-295 (2008).

Sens. Actuators B (1)

C. Pulido, Ó. Esteban, "Improved fluorescence signal with tapered polymer optical fibers under side-illumination," Sens. Actuators B 146, 190-194 (2010).

Sensors (1)

A. Paz, J. Acevedo, A. Vázquez, C. Penalver, A. Ferreiro, A. Meléndez, J. Gandoy, "A multi-point sensor based on optical fiber for the measurement of electrolyte density in lead-acid batteries," Sensors 10, 2587-2608 (2010).

Other (6)

H. Poisel, H. Meedt, M. Luber, J. Niewisch, "Fiber optic liquid level sensor—FOLLS," Proc. Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibres (2007) pp. 178-181.

N. Souza, C. Beres, E. Yugue, C. Carvalho, J. Neto, M. Silva, M. Werneck, M. Miguel, "Development of a biosensor based in polymeric optical fiber to detect cells in water and fluids," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

L. Bilro, J. Oliveira, R. Nogueira, J. L. Pinto, "Gait monitoring with a wearable plastic optical sensor," Proc. IEEE Sens.—Inst. Electr. Electron. Eng. (2008) pp. 787-790.

L. Bilro, J. L. Pinto, R. Nogueira, "Enhanced bend sensitivity of a side-polished POF based sensor," Proc. 18th Int. Conf. Plastic Opt. Fibers (2009) pp. 1-4.

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, G. Fuster, D. Kalymnios, "Light power behaviour when bending plastic optical fibres," Proc. IEE Optoelectron. (1998) pp. 313-318.

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