Abstract

Two types of erbium-doped fiber lasers based on Sagnac interferometer incorporated with fiber grating are proposed and experimentally demonstrated, which effectively support tunable and switchable dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode laser operation. The mode selection is implemented by use of the Sagnac interferometer with fiber grating, an umpumped erbium-doped fiber, and a tunable fiber Bragg grating. The Sagnac interferometer with fiber grating plays the role as a narrowband comb filter, while the unpumped erbium-doped fiber together with the tunable fiber Bragg grating essentially forms a passive self-tracking filter to ensure a stable single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser operation. By use of the Sagnac interferometer with chirped fiber Bragg grating, tunable microwave signals can be generated by beating the dual wavelengths, within the frequency range between ${\sim} {\hbox {9.8}}$ and ${\sim} {\hbox {14}}$ GHz.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. N. J. C. Libatique, R. K. Jain, "Precisely and rapidly wavelength-switchable narrow-linewidth 1.5 $\mu$m laser source for wavelength division multiplexing applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1584-1586 (1999).
  2. L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 553-558 (2001).
  3. P.-C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded fabrycprot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).
  4. G. Chen, D. Huang, X. Zhang, H. Cao, "Photonic generation of a microwave signal by incorporating a delay interferometer and a saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 554-556 (2008).
  5. S. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 5414-5419 (2009).
  6. Y. Yao, X. Chen, S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187-189 (2006).
  7. S. L. Pan, X. F. Zhou, C. Y. Lou, "Switchable single-longitudinal -mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 764-766 (2008).
  8. L. Wang, F. Yang, X. Mao, W. Jian, S. Jian, "An orthogonal-polarization dual-wavelength fiber laser with stable output," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Mobile Comput. (2009) pp. 482-485.
  9. K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).
  10. H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and $Q$-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).
  11. X. He, X. Fang, C. Liao, D. N. Wang, J. Sun, "A tunable and switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength fiber laser with a simple linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21773-21781 (2009).
  12. J. L. Zhou, L. Xia, X. P. Cheng, X. P. Dong, P. Shum, "Photonic generation of tunable microwave signals by beating a dual-wavelength single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 91, 99-103 (2008).
  13. J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry--Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).
  14. D. S. Moon, G. Sun, A. Lin, X. Liu, Y. Chung, "Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser based on a single fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Commun. 281, 2513-2516 (2008).
  15. S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, S. Jiang, "Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264-267 (2009).
  16. X. Shu, J. Shan, D. Huang, "Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength-laser application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980-982 (2000).

2009

X. He, X. Fang, C. Liao, D. N. Wang, J. Sun, "A tunable and switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength fiber laser with a simple linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21773-21781 (2009).

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, S. Jiang, "Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264-267 (2009).

S. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 5414-5419 (2009).

2008

G. Chen, D. Huang, X. Zhang, H. Cao, "Photonic generation of a microwave signal by incorporating a delay interferometer and a saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 33, 554-556 (2008).

S. L. Pan, X. F. Zhou, C. Y. Lou, "Switchable single-longitudinal -mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 33, 764-766 (2008).

D. S. Moon, G. Sun, A. Lin, X. Liu, Y. Chung, "Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser based on a single fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Commun. 281, 2513-2516 (2008).

J. L. Zhou, L. Xia, X. P. Cheng, X. P. Dong, P. Shum, "Photonic generation of tunable microwave signals by beating a dual-wavelength single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 91, 99-103 (2008).

K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).

2006

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry--Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).

Y. Yao, X. Chen, S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187-189 (2006).

2003

P.-C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded fabrycprot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).

2001

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 553-558 (2001).

2000

X. Shu, J. Shan, D. Huang, "Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength-laser application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980-982 (2000).

1999

N. J. C. Libatique, R. K. Jain, "Precisely and rapidly wavelength-switchable narrow-linewidth 1.5 $\mu$m laser source for wavelength division multiplexing applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1584-1586 (1999).

1998

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and $Q$-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).

Appl. Phys. B

J. L. Zhou, L. Xia, X. P. Cheng, X. P. Dong, P. Shum, "Photonic generation of tunable microwave signals by beating a dual-wavelength single longitudinal mode fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 91, 99-103 (2008).

Electron. Lett.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, T. P. Newson, "Narrow linewidth CW and $Q$-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1318-1319 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Shu, J. Shan, D. Huang, "Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength-laser application," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980-982 (2000).

N. J. C. Libatique, R. K. Jain, "Precisely and rapidly wavelength-switchable narrow-linewidth 1.5 $\mu$m laser source for wavelength division multiplexing applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1584-1586 (1999).

P.-C. Peng, H.-Y. Tseng, S. Chi, "A tunable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a self-seeded fabrycprot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 661-663 (2003).

Y. Yao, X. Chen, S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a simple linear cavity and its application in microwave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 187-189 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 553-558 (2001).

Opt. Commun.

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, D. Huang, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry--Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers," Opt. Commun. 267, 177-181 (2006).

D. S. Moon, G. Sun, A. Lin, X. Liu, Y. Chung, "Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser based on a single fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Commun. 281, 2513-2516 (2008).

Opt. Exp.

X. He, X. Fang, C. Liao, D. N. Wang, J. Sun, "A tunable and switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength fiber laser with a simple linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21773-21781 (2009).

K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).

S. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 5414-5419 (2009).

Opt. Laser Technol.

S. Feng, O. Xu, S. Lu, X. Mao, T. Ning, S. Jiang, "Switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber-ring laser based on one polarization maintaining fiber Bragg grating in a Sagnac loop interferometer," Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 264-267 (2009).

Opt. Lett.

Other

L. Wang, F. Yang, X. Mao, W. Jian, S. Jian, "An orthogonal-polarization dual-wavelength fiber laser with stable output," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Mobile Comput. (2009) pp. 482-485.

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