Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel four-channel monolithic polarization-diversity dual-quadrature coherent receiver with balanced detection in InP. It uses an interleave-chirped arrayed waveguide grating that acts simultaneously as a demultiplexer, four polarization splitters, and four 90$^{\circ}$ hybrids. There are no waveguide crossings, and the polarization extinction ratio is ${>} $21 dB and the hybrid phase error magnitude is ${<} 1^{\circ}$ without any post-fabrication adjustments. We demonstrate 4$\,\times\,$43-Gb/s reception.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U.-V. Koc, Y.-K. Chen, "Coherent receivers for practical optical communication systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  2. R. Nagarajan, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).
  3. H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, "Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 398-400 (1989).
  4. T. L. Koch, "GaInAs/GaInAsP multiple-quantum-well integrated heterodyne receiver," Electron. Lett. 25, 1621-1623 (1989).
  5. R. J. Deri, "Ultracompact monolithic integration of balanced, polarization diversity photodetectors for coherent lightwave receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1238-1240 (1992).
  6. H.-G. Bach, "Monolithic 90$^{\circ}$ hybrid with balanced PIN photodiodes for 100 Gbit/s PM-QPSK receiver applications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009).
  7. C. R. Doerr, "Monolithic silicon coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Tech. 28, 520-528 (2010).
  8. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).
  9. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Peckham, "Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200-km of ultra-large-area fiber," Proc. ECOC (2009).
  10. M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, "WDM receiver by monolithic integration of an optical preamplifier, waveguide grating router and photodiode array," Electron. Lett. 31, 581-582 (1995).
  11. R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, J. Rahn, H. Tsai, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, A. Nilsson, M. Reffle, F. Kish, D. Welch, "10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization multiplexed DQPSK InP receiver photonic integrated circuit," Proc. OFC (2010).
  12. C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, "Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver," Proc. OFC (2010).
  13. L. Nelson, S. Woodward, P. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Real-time detection of a 40 Gbps intradyne channel in the presence of multiple received WDM channels," Proc. OFC (2010).
  14. M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
  15. H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
  16. C. Dragone, "A N$\,\times\,$N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
  17. L. H. Spiekman, M. R. Amersfoort, A. H. De Vreede, F. P. G. M. van Ham, A. Kuntze, J. W. Pedersen, P. Demeester, M. K. Smit, "Design and realization of polarization independent phased array wavelength demultiplexers using different array orders for TE and TM," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 991-995 (1996).
  18. K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-$\Delta$. arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarization compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
  19. C. R. Doerr, "Proposed WDM cross connect using a planar arrangement of waveguide grating routers and phase shifters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 528-530 (1998).
  20. S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505-2512 (2005).
  21. C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, V. I. Kopp, D. Neugroschl, G. Weiner, "Tapered dual-core fiber for efficient and robust coupling to InP photonic integrated circuits," Proc. OFC (2009).
  22. C. van Dam, A. Staring, E. Jansen, J. Binsma, T. van Dongen, M. Smit, B. Verbeek, "Loss reduction for phased-array demultiplexers using a double etch technique," Proc. Integr. Photon. Res. Conf. (1996).

2010 (1)

C. R. Doerr, "Monolithic silicon coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Tech. 28, 520-528 (2010).

2007 (1)

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-$\Delta$. arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarization compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).

2005 (2)

S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505-2512 (2005).

R. Nagarajan, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

1998 (1)

C. R. Doerr, "Proposed WDM cross connect using a planar arrangement of waveguide grating routers and phase shifters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 528-530 (1998).

1996 (1)

L. H. Spiekman, M. R. Amersfoort, A. H. De Vreede, F. P. G. M. van Ham, A. Kuntze, J. W. Pedersen, P. Demeester, M. K. Smit, "Design and realization of polarization independent phased array wavelength demultiplexers using different array orders for TE and TM," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 991-995 (1996).

1995 (1)

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, "WDM receiver by monolithic integration of an optical preamplifier, waveguide grating router and photodiode array," Electron. Lett. 31, 581-582 (1995).

1992 (1)

R. J. Deri, "Ultracompact monolithic integration of balanced, polarization diversity photodetectors for coherent lightwave receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1238-1240 (1992).

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "A N$\,\times\,$N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

1990 (1)

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

1989 (2)

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, "Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 398-400 (1989).

T. L. Koch, "GaInAs/GaInAsP multiple-quantum-well integrated heterodyne receiver," Electron. Lett. 25, 1621-1623 (1989).

1988 (1)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

Electron. Lett. (5)

T. L. Koch, "GaInAs/GaInAsP multiple-quantum-well integrated heterodyne receiver," Electron. Lett. 25, 1621-1623 (1989).

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, "WDM receiver by monolithic integration of an optical preamplifier, waveguide grating router and photodiode array," Electron. Lett. 31, 581-582 (1995).

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-$\Delta$. arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarization compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. R. Doerr, "Proposed WDM cross connect using a planar arrangement of waveguide grating routers and phase shifters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 528-530 (1998).

C. Dragone, "A N$\,\times\,$N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

R. J. Deri, "Ultracompact monolithic integration of balanced, polarization diversity photodetectors for coherent lightwave receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1238-1240 (1992).

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, Y. Imamura, "Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 398-400 (1989).

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

C. R. Doerr, "Monolithic silicon coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Tech. 28, 520-528 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

L. H. Spiekman, M. R. Amersfoort, A. H. De Vreede, F. P. G. M. van Ham, A. Kuntze, J. W. Pedersen, P. Demeester, M. K. Smit, "Design and realization of polarization independent phased array wavelength demultiplexers using different array orders for TE and TM," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 991-995 (1996).

S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505-2512 (2005).

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Nagarajan, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).

Other (9)

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U.-V. Koc, Y.-K. Chen, "Coherent receivers for practical optical communication systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

H.-G. Bach, "Monolithic 90$^{\circ}$ hybrid with balanced PIN photodiodes for 100 Gbit/s PM-QPSK receiver applications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009).

R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, J. Pleumeekers, D. Lambert, V. Lal, A. Dentai, M. Kuntz, J. Rahn, H. Tsai, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, J. Tang, J. Zhang, T. Butrie, M. Raburn, B. Little, A. Nilsson, M. Reffle, F. Kish, D. Welch, "10 channel, 45.6 Gb/s per channel, polarization multiplexed DQPSK InP receiver photonic integrated circuit," Proc. OFC (2010).

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, "Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver," Proc. OFC (2010).

L. Nelson, S. Woodward, P. Magill, S. Foo, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Real-time detection of a 40 Gbps intradyne channel in the presence of multiple received WDM channels," Proc. OFC (2010).

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, L. Buhl, V. I. Kopp, D. Neugroschl, G. Weiner, "Tapered dual-core fiber for efficient and robust coupling to InP photonic integrated circuits," Proc. OFC (2009).

C. van Dam, A. Staring, E. Jansen, J. Binsma, T. van Dongen, M. Smit, B. Verbeek, "Loss reduction for phased-array demultiplexers using a double etch technique," Proc. Integr. Photon. Res. Conf. (1996).

W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. W. Peckham, "Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200-km of ultra-large-area fiber," Proc. ECOC (2009).

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