Abstract

We propose a simple self-polarization-stabilization technique for the wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network implemented with reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) and self-homodyne coherent receivers. By placing a 45$^{\circ}$ Faraday rotator in front of the RSOA in the optical network unit, the state-of-polarization of the upstream signal becomes orthogonal to that of the linearly polarized seed light at the input of the coherent receiver regardless of the birefringence in the transmission link. Thus, we can achieve the polarization stability of the upstream signal at the input of the coherent receiver. We first implement a self-homodyne receiver by using the proposed self-polarization-stabilization technique and measure its sensitivity by using 2.5-Gb/s binary phase-shift keying signals in the laboratory. The result shows an excellent receiver sensitivity of ${-}46.4$ dBm. We also confirm the efficacy of the proposed technique in the transmission experiment over 68-km long link partially composed of installed (buried and aerial) fibers. No significant degradation in the receiver sensitivity is observed during the 10-h experiment despite the large polarization fluctuations occurred in these installed fibers.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. R. Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-290 (2009).
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  4. C. Antony, P. Ossieur, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H. G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "Demonstration of a carrier distributed, 8192-split hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON over 124 km field-installed fibers," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  5. U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of Rayleigh backscattering in long-reach RSOA-based WDM PON," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  6. S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, K. Y. Cho, S. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON employing self-homodyne receiver with high reflection tolerance," Tech. Dig. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.
  7. S. J. Park, Y. B. Choi, S. P. Jung, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Hybrid WDM/TDMA-PON using self-homodyne and differential coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 465-467 (2009).
  8. S. Narikawa, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Coherent WDM PON based on heterodyne detection with digital signal processing for simple ONU structure," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 1-2.
  9. J. M. Fabrega, J. Prat, "Channel crosstalk in ultra-dense WDM PON using time-switched phase diversity optical homodyne reception," Proc. ICTON (2007) pp. 87-90.
  10. S. Kaneko, H. Suzuki, N. Miki, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, "High spectral efficiency DWDM-PON using an optical homodyne receiver with integral circuits based on digital signal processing," Tech. Dig. OFC (2008) pp. 1-3.
  11. K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "Self-polarization- stabilization technique for long-reach coherent WDM PON," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  12. D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr.V. G. Dominic, M. L. Mitchell, S. G. Grubb, T. K. Chiang, D. D. Perkins, A. C. Nilsson, "The realization of large-scale photonic integrated circuits and the associated impact on fiber-optic communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4674-4683 (2006).
  13. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).
  14. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced operating range of WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1536-1538 (2008).
  15. 2010 Product Brochure http://www.oesolution.com/2010_Product_Catalog-OE_Solutions.pdf OE Solutions, [online]. Available:.
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2009 (3)

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. R. Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-290 (2009).

S. J. Park, Y. B. Choi, S. P. Jung, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Hybrid WDM/TDMA-PON using self-homodyne and differential coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 465-467 (2009).

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

2008 (2)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced operating range of WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1536-1538 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

2006 (1)

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr.V. G. Dominic, M. L. Mitchell, S. G. Grubb, T. K. Chiang, D. D. Perkins, A. C. Nilsson, "The realization of large-scale photonic integrated circuits and the associated impact on fiber-optic communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4674-4683 (2006).

2004 (2)

F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

C. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, D. H. Hyun, Y. C. Chung, "Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique," J. Opt. Netw. 3, 388-395 (2004).

1998 (1)

Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi, K. Hotate, "Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 661-669 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. J. Park, Y. B. Choi, S. P. Jung, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Hybrid WDM/TDMA-PON using self-homodyne and differential coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 465-467 (2009).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced operating range of WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1536-1538 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi, K. Hotate, "Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 661-669 (1998).

D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr.V. G. Dominic, M. L. Mitchell, S. G. Grubb, T. K. Chiang, D. D. Perkins, A. C. Nilsson, "The realization of large-scale photonic integrated circuits and the associated impact on fiber-optic communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4674-4683 (2006).

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. R. Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-290 (2009).

F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (9)

2010 Product Brochure http://www.oesolution.com/2010_Product_Catalog-OE_Solutions.pdf OE Solutions, [online]. Available:.

B. Schrenk, F. Bonada, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, "Enhanced transmission in long reach WDM/TDM passive optical networks by means of multiple downstream cancellation techniques," Proc. ECOC (2009) pp. 1-3.

C. Antony, P. Ossieur, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H. G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "Demonstration of a carrier distributed, 8192-split hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON over 124 km field-installed fibers," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.

U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of Rayleigh backscattering in long-reach RSOA-based WDM PON," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.

S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, K. Y. Cho, S. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON employing self-homodyne receiver with high reflection tolerance," Tech. Dig. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.

S. Narikawa, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Coherent WDM PON based on heterodyne detection with digital signal processing for simple ONU structure," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 1-2.

J. M. Fabrega, J. Prat, "Channel crosstalk in ultra-dense WDM PON using time-switched phase diversity optical homodyne reception," Proc. ICTON (2007) pp. 87-90.

S. Kaneko, H. Suzuki, N. Miki, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, "High spectral efficiency DWDM-PON using an optical homodyne receiver with integral circuits based on digital signal processing," Tech. Dig. OFC (2008) pp. 1-3.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "Self-polarization- stabilization technique for long-reach coherent WDM PON," Tech. Dig. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.

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