Abstract

We demonstrate the flexibility that a wavelength selective switch could offer to bandwidth provisioning of potential multi-user quantum key distribution networks based on entangled pair sources. We derive an analytical expression relating the coincidence detection rates of the photon pairs to the switch bandwidth characteristics. Experimentally measured coincidence rates verify the theory in three distinct network configurations.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
  2. H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Wavelength-multiplexed distribution of highly entangled photon-pairs over optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 22099-22104 (2008).
  3. H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Broadband source of telecom-band polarizationentangled photon-pairs for wavelengthmultiplexed entanglement distribution," Opt. Exp. 16, 16052-16057 (2008).
  4. T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 105001-105019 (2009).
  5. A. K. Ekert, "Quantum cryptography based on Bell's theorem," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661-663 (1991).
  6. A. Poppe, A. Fedrizzi, R. Ursin, H. Böhm, T. Lörunser, O. Maurhardt, M. Peev, M. Suda, C. Kurtsiefer, H. Weinfurter, T. Jennewein, A. Zeilinger, "Practical quantum key distribution with polarization entangled photons," Opt. Exp. 12, 3865-3871 (2004).
  7. H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, A. Zeilinger, "High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 7853-7862 (2007).
  8. R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11 km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
  9. S. X. Wang, G. S. Kanter, "Robust multiwavelength all-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons with built-in analyzer alignment signal," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1733-1740 (2009).
  10. S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin, M. De Micheli, "PPLN waveguide for quantum communication," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155-160 (2002).
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  12. M. Brodsky, E. C. George, C. Antonelli, M. Shtaif, "Loss of polarization entanglement in a fiber-optic system with polarization mode dispersion in one optical path," Opt. Lett. 36, 43-45 (2011).
  13. M. Brodsky, C. Antonelli, M. Shtaif, "Disappearance of polarization entanglement due to the relative orientation of two fibers's PMD vectors," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010).
  14. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B (Elsevier, 2008) pp. 293-344.
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  16. I. H. Kim, W. P. Grice, "Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 908-910 (2005).
  17. T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1$\,{\times}\,$9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2004).
  18. D. Branning, S. Bhandari, M. Beck, "Low-cost coincidence-counting electronics for undergraduate quantum optics," Am. J. Phys. 77, 667-670 (2009) http://people.whitman.edu/~beckmk/QM/.
  19. C. R. Doerr, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV A (Elsevier, 2002) pp. 405-476.
  20. G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, S. Poole, "Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exposition National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Techn. Dig. (CD) (2006).

2011 (1)

2009 (3)

S. X. Wang, G. S. Kanter, "Robust multiwavelength all-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons with built-in analyzer alignment signal," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1733-1740 (2009).

D. Branning, S. Bhandari, M. Beck, "Low-cost coincidence-counting electronics for undergraduate quantum optics," Am. J. Phys. 77, 667-670 (2009) http://people.whitman.edu/~beckmk/QM/.

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 105001-105019 (2009).

2008 (2)

H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Wavelength-multiplexed distribution of highly entangled photon-pairs over optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 22099-22104 (2008).

H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Broadband source of telecom-band polarizationentangled photon-pairs for wavelengthmultiplexed entanglement distribution," Opt. Exp. 16, 16052-16057 (2008).

2007 (1)

H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, A. Zeilinger, "High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 7853-7862 (2007).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Poppe, A. Fedrizzi, R. Ursin, H. Böhm, T. Lörunser, O. Maurhardt, M. Peev, M. Suda, C. Kurtsiefer, H. Weinfurter, T. Jennewein, A. Zeilinger, "Practical quantum key distribution with polarization entangled photons," Opt. Exp. 12, 3865-3871 (2004).

2002 (3)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11 km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin, M. De Micheli, "PPLN waveguide for quantum communication," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155-160 (2002).

1997 (1)

W. P. Grice, I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).

1991 (1)

A. K. Ekert, "Quantum cryptography based on Bell's theorem," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661-663 (1991).

Am. J. Phys. (1)

D. Branning, S. Bhandari, M. Beck, "Low-cost coincidence-counting electronics for undergraduate quantum optics," Am. J. Phys. 77, 667-670 (2009) http://people.whitman.edu/~beckmk/QM/.

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. De Riedmatten, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, D. B. Ostrowsky, N. Gisin, M. De Micheli, "PPLN waveguide for quantum communication," Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 155-160 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. X. Wang, G. S. Kanter, "Robust multiwavelength all-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons with built-in analyzer alignment signal," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1733-1740 (2009).

New J. Phys. (1)

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 105001-105019 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (4)

H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Wavelength-multiplexed distribution of highly entangled photon-pairs over optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 22099-22104 (2008).

H. C. Lim, A. Yoshizawa, H. Tsuchida, K. Kikuchi, "Broadband source of telecom-band polarizationentangled photon-pairs for wavelengthmultiplexed entanglement distribution," Opt. Exp. 16, 16052-16057 (2008).

A. Poppe, A. Fedrizzi, R. Ursin, H. Böhm, T. Lörunser, O. Maurhardt, M. Peev, M. Suda, C. Kurtsiefer, H. Weinfurter, T. Jennewein, A. Zeilinger, "Practical quantum key distribution with polarization entangled photons," Opt. Exp. 12, 3865-3871 (2004).

H. Hübel, M. R. Vanner, T. Lederer, B. Blauensteiner, T. Lorünser, A. Poppe, A. Zeilinger, "High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 7853-7862 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev A (1)

W. P. Grice, I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral information and distinguishability in type-II down-conversion with a broadband pump," Phys. Rev A 56, 1627-1634 (1997).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11 km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. K. Ekert, "Quantum cryptography based on Bell's theorem," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661-663 (1991).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).

Other (6)

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1$\,{\times}\,$9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2004).

C. R. Doerr, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV A (Elsevier, 2002) pp. 405-476.

G. Baxter, S. Frisken, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, A. Bartos, S. Poole, "Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exposition National Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Techn. Dig. (CD) (2006).

M. Brodsky, C. Antonelli, M. Shtaif, "Disappearance of polarization entanglement due to the relative orientation of two fibers's PMD vectors," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010).

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B (Elsevier, 2008) pp. 293-344.

M. Brodsky, M. D. Feuer, Architecture for Reconfigurable Quantum Key Distribution Networks Based on Entangled Photons Directed by a Wavelength Selective Switch U.S. Patent Application 12/008, 926 (2008).

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