Abstract

The light polarization fluctuations strongly affect the performance of coherent optical communication systems due to the fact that to recover the information contained in the phase of the signal beam, it is necessary to have interference with a reference beam. In the present work, a simple system based on the use of an optical fiber interferometer and two adaptive photodetectors, which is immune to polarization fluctuations provoked by the fiber in both signal and reference beams, is theoretically analyzed. In such study, two models of the optical fiber, the first with just one linear retarder and another more complex with an additional circular retarder, were used. The results for linearly polarized light in the Y axis direction showed that digital signal transmission received by the adaptive system is immune to polarization fluctuations (in both signal and reference beams) in a wide range of ellipticity and rotation variations. In particular, if TTL logic is used, a maximum fluctuation of 60% with respect to the maximum of the output signal would be allowed to transmit the information correctly, in this case, ellipticity and rotation variations could be up to ±30°.

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  2. E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Optics Express 753 16, (2008).
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley., 1997).
  4. T. Okoshi, Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer and KTK Scientific Publishers, 1988).
  5. N. G. Walker, G. R. Walker, "Polarization control for coherent communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 438-458 (1990).
  6. G. B. Xavier, G. V. de Faria, G. P. Tempor˜o, J. P. von der Weid, "Full polarization control for fiber optical quantum communication systems using polarization encoding," Opt. Exp. 16, 1867-1873 (2008).
  7. L. G. Kazovsky, "Phase and polarization diversity coherent optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 279-292 (1989).
  8. M. A. Celis Flores, P. R. Montero, S. Stepanov, "Polarisation-independent linear homodyne detection of optical phase modulation with adpative photodetectors," Electron. Lett. 34, 797 (1998).
  9. M. A. Celis Flores, S. Stepanov, P. R. Montero, "Adaptive polarization-insensitive detection of optical phase modulation with a single detector," Opt. Commun. 177, 405-411 (2000).
  10. Ramaswamy, V. R. D. Sze, W. G. French, "Effects in short length single mode fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 14, 635-651 (1943).
  11. E. Hecht, A. Zajac, Optics (Addison Wesley, 1979).
  12. D. S. Kliger, J. W. Lewis, C. E. Randall, Elliptical Polarizers and Retarders in: Polarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, 1990).
  13. C. Tsao, Mueller Matrix and Stokes Vector Representation for a Fibre in: Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis (Oxford Univ. Press, 1992).
  14. F. Treviño-Martínez, D. Tentori, C. Ayala-Díaz, F. J. Mendieta-Jiménez, "Birefringence and assessment of single-mode optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 2556-2563 (2005).
  15. S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).
  16. S. Stepanov, Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices (Academic, 2000).
  17. M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, "Non-steady-state photo-electromotive force induced by dynamic gratings in partially compensated photoconductors," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216-2225 (1990).
  18. Fast and LS TTL Data (Motorola Inc., 1992).
  19. G. Nicholson, D. J. Temple, "Polarization fluctuations measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber cables," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1197-1200 (1989).

2008 (2)

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Optics Express 753 16, (2008).

G. B. Xavier, G. V. de Faria, G. P. Tempor˜o, J. P. von der Weid, "Full polarization control for fiber optical quantum communication systems using polarization encoding," Opt. Exp. 16, 1867-1873 (2008).

2005 (1)

F. Treviño-Martínez, D. Tentori, C. Ayala-Díaz, F. J. Mendieta-Jiménez, "Birefringence and assessment of single-mode optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 2556-2563 (2005).

2000 (1)

M. A. Celis Flores, S. Stepanov, P. R. Montero, "Adaptive polarization-insensitive detection of optical phase modulation with a single detector," Opt. Commun. 177, 405-411 (2000).

1998 (1)

M. A. Celis Flores, P. R. Montero, S. Stepanov, "Polarisation-independent linear homodyne detection of optical phase modulation with adpative photodetectors," Electron. Lett. 34, 797 (1998).

1990 (2)

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, "Non-steady-state photo-electromotive force induced by dynamic gratings in partially compensated photoconductors," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216-2225 (1990).

N. G. Walker, G. R. Walker, "Polarization control for coherent communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 438-458 (1990).

1989 (2)

L. G. Kazovsky, "Phase and polarization diversity coherent optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 279-292 (1989).

G. Nicholson, D. J. Temple, "Polarization fluctuations measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber cables," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1197-1200 (1989).

1943 (1)

Ramaswamy, V. R. D. Sze, W. G. French, "Effects in short length single mode fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 14, 635-651 (1943).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

Ramaswamy, V. R. D. Sze, W. G. French, "Effects in short length single mode fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 14, 635-651 (1943).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. A. Celis Flores, P. R. Montero, S. Stepanov, "Polarisation-independent linear homodyne detection of optical phase modulation with adpative photodetectors," Electron. Lett. 34, 797 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. P. Petrov, I. A. Sokolov, S. I. Stepanov, G. S. Trofimov, "Non-steady-state photo-electromotive force induced by dynamic gratings in partially compensated photoconductors," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2216-2225 (1990).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

L. G. Kazovsky, "Phase and polarization diversity coherent optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 279-292 (1989).

N. G. Walker, G. R. Walker, "Polarization control for coherent communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 438-458 (1990).

G. Nicholson, D. J. Temple, "Polarization fluctuations measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber cables," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1197-1200 (1989).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. A. Celis Flores, S. Stepanov, P. R. Montero, "Adaptive polarization-insensitive detection of optical phase modulation with a single detector," Opt. Commun. 177, 405-411 (2000).

Opt. Exp. (2)

G. B. Xavier, G. V. de Faria, G. P. Tempor˜o, J. P. von der Weid, "Full polarization control for fiber optical quantum communication systems using polarization encoding," Opt. Exp. 16, 1867-1873 (2008).

F. Treviño-Martínez, D. Tentori, C. Ayala-Díaz, F. J. Mendieta-Jiménez, "Birefringence and assessment of single-mode optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 2556-2563 (2005).

Optics Express 753 (1)

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Optics Express 753 16, (2008).

Other (9)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley., 1997).

T. Okoshi, Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer and KTK Scientific Publishers, 1988).

S. Ryu, Coherent Lightwave Communication System (Artech House, 1995).

S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).

S. Stepanov, Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices (Academic, 2000).

Fast and LS TTL Data (Motorola Inc., 1992).

E. Hecht, A. Zajac, Optics (Addison Wesley, 1979).

D. S. Kliger, J. W. Lewis, C. E. Randall, Elliptical Polarizers and Retarders in: Polarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, 1990).

C. Tsao, Mueller Matrix and Stokes Vector Representation for a Fibre in: Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis (Oxford Univ. Press, 1992).

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