Abstract

G.652 standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) is today considered as the most efficient solution to transport 40 Gbps and 100 Gbps data traffic over ultra long-haul distances on terrestrial transport networks. In the early 2000s, there was a trend to replace legacy G.652 fibers, which were strongly impaired by polarization mode dispersion (PMD), by G.655 fibers. For economic reasons, incumbent operators decided to keep their legacy G.652 fiber infrastructure, while replacing gradually the most impaired fibers by low PMD G.652 fibers over the links transporting the highest amount of traffic. In this context, we performed in 2009 an experimental evaluation of the performance of a new ultra low loss (ULL) and low PMD G.652 fiber to carry 40 Gbps WDM systems over ultra long-haul distances by using various modulation formats (NRZ-OOK and NRZ-DPSK) and amplification schemes (hybrid Raman-EDFA and EDFA only). We demonstrated record transmission distance of 4400 km at 40 Gbps line rate when NRZ-DPSK was combined with hybrid Raman-EDFA amplification. We complete here this previous study with new results, coming in particular from an extensive experimental and numerical comparison of the transmission performance of this new ULL G.652 fiber with the legacy G.652 fiber, used in the field for 20 years. We demonstrate in particular that this new SMF-28® ULL optical fiber increases the maximum transmission reach by ~30%, whatever the amplification scheme, when NRZ-DPSK is used.

© 2011 IEEE

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2007 (1)

E. Pincemin, A. Tan, A. Tonello, S. Wabnitz, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Mezentsev, S. K. Turitsyn, Y. Jaouën, L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Performance comparison of SSMF and UltraWave fibers for ultra long-haul 40 Gb/s WDM transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1613-1615 (2007).

2005 (1)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Hybrid 10/40-G transmission on a 50-GHz grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).

2004 (3)

A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. M. Gill, E. C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation formats for 42.7 Gbps single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).

C. Xu, X. Liu, X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16$\,\times\,$40 Gbps DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

M. Forzati, J. Martensson, A. Berntson, A. Djupsjobacka, P. Johannisson, "Reduction of intrachannel four-wave mixing using the alternate-phase RZ modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1285-1287 (2002).

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, L. Stulz, "Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1285-1287 (2002).

1999 (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xu, X. Liu, X. Wei, "Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 281-293 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, L. Stulz, "Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1285-1287 (2002).

M. Forzati, J. Martensson, A. Berntson, A. Djupsjobacka, P. Johannisson, "Reduction of intrachannel four-wave mixing using the alternate-phase RZ modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1285-1287 (2002).

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16$\,\times\,$40 Gbps DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).

E. Pincemin, A. Tan, A. Tonello, S. Wabnitz, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Mezentsev, S. K. Turitsyn, Y. Jaouën, L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Performance comparison of SSMF and UltraWave fibers for ultra long-haul 40 Gb/s WDM transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1613-1615 (2007).

A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. M. Gill, E. C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation formats for 42.7 Gbps single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Hybrid 10/40-G transmission on a 50-GHz grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (17)

www.communications.draka.com Enhanced SMF data sheet.

A. Richter, I. Koltchanov, K. Kuzmin, E. Myslivets, R. Freund, "Issues on bit-error rate estimation for fiber-optic communication systems, Dispersion managed spans in terrestrial routes: Technical advantages and practical considerations," Proc. OFC (2005) (2005).

www.corning.com SMF-28® ULL optical fiber data sheet.

www.ofsoptics.com Allwave® ZWP fiber data sheet.

E. Pincemin, T. Guillossou, N. Evanno, S. Lobanov, S. Ten, "Record transmission distances over ultra low loss G.652 fiber with NRZ-OOK or NRZ-DPSK 40 Gbps WDM systems," Proc. OFC (2009).

M. E. McCarthy, L. M. Gleeson, M. F. C. Stephens, I. D. Phillips, W. Forysiak, C. R. Towery, S. Ten, "43 Gbps RZ-DQPSK transmission over 1000 km of G.652 ultra-low-loss fiber with 250 km amplifier spans," Proc. ECOC (2010).

L. M. Gleeson, M. E. McCarthy, M. D. Willis, J. H. B. Nijhof, B. K. Nayar, W. Forysiak, C. R. Towery, S. Ten, "43 Gbps NRZ-DPSK and RZ-DQPSK transmission over 1000 km of G.652 ultra-low-loss fiber with 200 km amplifier spans," Proc. OFC (2010).

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hebert, J. P. Soigne, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Benomar, A. Hugbart, S. Ruggieri, "Transmission of 40$\,\times\,$43 Gbps over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format," Proc. OFC (2003) pp. 743-744.

A. J. Lucero, S. Tsuda, V. L. da Silva, D. L. Butler, "320 Gbps WDM transmission over 450 km of LEAF optical fiber," Proc. OFC (2000).

S. Tsuda, V. L. da Silva, "Transmission of 80$\,\times\,$10 Gbps WDM channels with 50 GHz spacing over 500 km of LEAF fiber," Proc. OFC (2000).

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, Y. Qian, S. Stulz, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, S. Chandrasekar, S. Radic, D. Vengsarkar, Z. Chen, J. Park, K. Feder, H. Thiele, J. Bromage, L. Grüner-Nielsen, S. Knudsen, "3.08 Tbps (77$\,\times\,$42 Gbps) transmission over 1200 km of non-zero dispersion-shifted fiber with 100-km spans using C and L-band distributed Raman amplification," Proc. OFC (2001).

B. Zhu, L. Leng, L. E. Nelson, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Qian, J. Bromage, S. Stulz, S. Kado, Y. Emori, S. Namiki, P. Gaarde, A. Judy, B. Palsdottir, R. L. Lingle, "3.2 Tbps (80$\,\times\,$42.7 Gbps) transmission over 20$\,\times\,$l00 km of non-zero dispersion-shifted fiber with simultaneous ${\rm C}+ {\rm L}$-band dispersion compensation," Proc. OFC (2002).

S. Bigo, W. Idler, J. C. Antona, G. Charlet, C. Simonneau, M. Gorlie, M. Molina, S. Borne, C. de Barros, P. Sillard, P. Tran, R. Dischler, W. Poehlmann, P. Nouchi, Y. Frignac, "Transmission of 125 WDM channels at 42.7 Gbps (5 Tbps capacity) over 12$\,\times\,$100 km of TeraLight Ultra fiber," Proc. ECOC (2001).

Y. Frignac, G. Charlet, W. Idler, R. Dischler, P. Tran, S. Lanne, S. Borne, C. Martinelli, G. Veith, A. Jourdan, J. P. Hamaide, S. Bigo, "Transmission of 256 wavelength-division and polarization-division-multiplexed channels at 42.7 Gbps (10.2 Tbps capacity) over 3$\,\times\,$l00 km of TeraLight™ fiber," Proc. OFC (2002).

www.corning.com LEAF® data sheet.

www.ofsoptics.com Truewave® fiber data sheet.

www.communications.draka.com Teralight™ fiber data sheet.

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