Abstract

We demonstrate a self-seeded multicasting device capable of delivering a large number of signal integrity preserving spectrally-distinct copies. The new multicasting device relies on efficient higher-order mixing in a two-pump parametric mixer. Precise dispersion engineering was deployed to generate a frequency-comb spanning over a 140-nm band, and resulted in the creation of more than 60 spectral copies of the signal with conversion efficiencies higher than -3 dB. The fidelity of the multicasting device with respect to signal intensity and phase was characterized experimentally. The spectral replication process was found to induce low penalty with both ON-OFF and differential phase-shift keying signals, thereby indicating compatibility with arbitrary amplitude/phase signaling formats.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light-trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).
  2. C. H. Kwok, S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength multicasting by self-phase modulation in a photonic-crystal fiber," Proc. CLEO/QELS 2006 (2006).
  3. W. Wang, L. Rau, D. Blumenthal, "All-optical label switching/swapping of 160 Gbps variable length packets and 10 Gbps labels using a WDM Raman enhanced-XPM fiber wavelength converter with unicast/multicast operation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2004 (2004).
  4. H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, "All-optical multi-wavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," IET Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).
  5. G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, R. Proietti, E. Ciaramella, Double-Stage Cross-Gain Modulation in SOAs: An Effective Technique for WDM .
  6. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).
  7. K. K. Y. Wong, G.-W. Lu, K.-C. Lau, P. K. A. Wai, L.-K. Chen, "All-optical wavelength conversion and multicasting by cross-gain modulation in a single-stage fiber optical parametric amplifier," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007).
  8. C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Radic, "Scalable multicasting in one-pump parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 356-363 (2009).
  9. C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Wavelength-multicasting of 320 Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002-1004 (2009).
  10. B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Self-seeded 1-to-60 multicasting in a two-pump parametric mixer," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011).
  11. C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002).
  12. A. C. S. Jr, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly-efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).
  13. J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, J. R. Windmiller, S. Zlatanovic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Optical frequency comb generated by four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fibers," Proc. CLEO/IQEC 2009 (2009).
  14. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  15. A. Wada, T. Nozawa, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 345-351 (1993).
  16. Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, "Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560-1562 (1998).
  17. J. Azana, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
  18. B. Kibler, C. Billet, P.-A. Lacourt, R. Ferriere, L. Larger, J. M. Dudley, "Parabolic pulse generation in comb-like profiled dispersion decreasing fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 965-966 (2006).
  19. N. Alic, R. M. Jopson, J. Ren, E. Myslivets, R. Jiang, A. H. Gnauck, S. Radic, "Impairments in deeply-saturated optical parametric amplifiers for amplitude- and phase-modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 15, 8997-9008 (2007).
  20. K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study on noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).
  21. B. P.-P. Kuo, S. Radic, "Fast wideband source tuning by extra-cavity parametric process," Opt. Exp. 18, 19930-19940 (2010).
  22. K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer, 1988).
  23. K. P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer, 2005).
  24. A. Cuyt, V. B. Petersen, B. Verdonk, H. Waadeland, W. B. Jones, Handbook of Continued Fractions for Special Functions (Springer, 2008).

2010 (1)

B. P.-P. Kuo, S. Radic, "Fast wideband source tuning by extra-cavity parametric process," Opt. Exp. 18, 19930-19940 (2010).

2009 (2)

C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Radic, "Scalable multicasting in one-pump parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 356-363 (2009).

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Wavelength-multicasting of 320 Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002-1004 (2009).

2008 (1)

A. C. S. Jr, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly-efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).

2007 (1)

N. Alic, R. M. Jopson, J. Ren, E. Myslivets, R. Jiang, A. H. Gnauck, S. Radic, "Impairments in deeply-saturated optical parametric amplifiers for amplitude- and phase-modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 15, 8997-9008 (2007).

2006 (2)

B. Kibler, C. Billet, P.-A. Lacourt, R. Ferriere, L. Larger, J. M. Dudley, "Parabolic pulse generation in comb-like profiled dispersion decreasing fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 965-966 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).

2005 (1)

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, "All-optical multi-wavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," IET Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

2002 (2)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002).

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study on noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Azana, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).

1999 (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light-trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).

1998 (1)

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, "Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560-1562 (1998).

1993 (1)

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 345-351 (1993).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Kibler, C. Billet, P.-A. Lacourt, R. Ferriere, L. Larger, J. M. Dudley, "Parabolic pulse generation in comb-like profiled dispersion decreasing fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 965-966 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, "Light-trees: Optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength-routed networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 67-73 (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Takushima, F. Futami, K. Kikuchi, "Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1560-1562 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Wavelength-multicasting of 320 Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1002-1004 (2009).

IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Azana, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE. J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, T.-O. Tsun, R. Yamauchi, "Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 345-351 (1993).

IET Electron. Lett. (1)

H. S. Chung, R. Inohara, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, "All-optical multi-wavelength conversion of 10 Gbit/s NRZ/RZ signals based on SOA-MZI for WDM multicasting," IET Electron. Lett. 41, 432-433 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Radic, "Scalable multicasting in one-pump parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 356-363 (2009).

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, "Experimental study on noise characteristics of a gain-saturated fiber optical parametric amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 969-974 (2002).

Opt. Exp. (3)

B. P.-P. Kuo, S. Radic, "Fast wideband source tuning by extra-cavity parametric process," Opt. Exp. 18, 19930-19940 (2010).

N. Alic, R. M. Jopson, J. Ren, E. Myslivets, R. Jiang, A. H. Gnauck, S. Radic, "Impairments in deeply-saturated optical parametric amplifiers for amplitude- and phase-modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 15, 8997-9008 (2007).

A. C. S. Jr, J. M. C. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, J. C. Knight, "Highly-efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products," Opt. Exp. 16, 2816-2828 (2008).

Other (10)

J. M. C. Boggio, S. Moro, J. R. Windmiller, S. Zlatanovic, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Optical frequency comb generated by four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fibers," Proc. CLEO/IQEC 2009 (2009).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, R. Proietti, E. Ciaramella, Double-Stage Cross-Gain Modulation in SOAs: An Effective Technique for WDM .

C. H. Kwok, S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength multicasting by self-phase modulation in a photonic-crystal fiber," Proc. CLEO/QELS 2006 (2006).

W. Wang, L. Rau, D. Blumenthal, "All-optical label switching/swapping of 160 Gbps variable length packets and 10 Gbps labels using a WDM Raman enhanced-XPM fiber wavelength converter with unicast/multicast operation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2004 (2004).

B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, S. Radic, "Self-seeded 1-to-60 multicasting in a two-pump parametric mixer," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2011 (2011).

K. K. Y. Wong, G.-W. Lu, K.-C. Lau, P. K. A. Wai, L.-K. Chen, "All-optical wavelength conversion and multicasting by cross-gain modulation in a single-stage fiber optical parametric amplifier," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2007 (2007).

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer, 1988).

K. P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer, 2005).

A. Cuyt, V. B. Petersen, B. Verdonk, H. Waadeland, W. B. Jones, Handbook of Continued Fractions for Special Functions (Springer, 2008).

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