Abstract

We propose a novel hybrid multicore photonic crystal fiber in which the air holes between the cores are replaced with high-index rods. Using coupled mode theory and finite element method, we demonstrate that a spatially flat in-phase supermode can be achieved at the resonant wavelengths without mode shaping. Such a design is more robust to perturbations.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).
  2. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russel, "Photonic bandgap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
  3. F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "All-solid photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 2369-2371 (2004).
  4. N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, B. J. Eggleton, "Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 27, 1592-1594 (2002).
  5. G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2-D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region (${<} 20$ dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Exp. 13, 8452-8459 (2005).
  6. S. A. Cerqueira, F. Luan, C. M. B. Cordeiro, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, "Hybrid photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 926-931 (2006).
  7. L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Photonic crystal fibers confining light by both index-guiding and bandgap-guiding: Hybrid PCFs," Opt. Exp. 15, 15637-15647 (2007).
  8. H. G. Winful, D. T. Walton, "Passive mode locking through nonlinear coupling in a dual-core fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1688-1690 (1992).
  9. J. Proctor, J. N. Kutz, "Nonlinear mode-coupling for passive mode-locking: Application of waveguide arrays, dual-core fibers, and/or fiber arrays," Opt. Exp. 13, 8933-8950 (2005).
  10. L. Michaille, D. M. Taylor, C. R. Bennett, T. J. Shepherd, B. G. Ward, "Characteristics of a $Q$-switched multicore photonic crystal fiber laser with a very large mode field area," Opt. Lett. 33, 71-73 (2008).
  11. P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, T. Pertsch, "The multicore fiber—A novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).
  12. B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. Russell, A. H. Greenaway, "Experimental study of dual-core photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 36, 1358-1359 (2000).
  13. K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, "Coupling characteristics of dual-core photonic crystal fiber couplers," Opt. Exp. 11, 3188-3195 (2003).
  14. J. Laegsgaard, "Directional coupling in twin-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 3281-3283 (2005).
  15. Z. Wang, G. Y. Kai, Y. G. Liu, J. F. Liu, C. S. Zhang, T. T. Sun, C. Wang, W. G. Zhang, S. Z. Yuan, X. Y. Dong, "Coupling and decoupling of dual-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 2542-2544 (2005).
  16. Z. Wang, T. Taru, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, "Coupling in dual-core photonic bandgap fibers: Theory and experiment," Opt. Exp. 15, 4795-4803 (2007).
  17. L. Michaille, C. R. Bennett, D. M. Taylor, T. J. Shepherd, J. Broeng, H. R. Simonsen, A. Petersson, "Phase locking and supermode selection in multicore photonic crystal fiber lasers with a large doped area," Opt. Lett. 30, 1668-1670 (2005).
  18. K. M. Gundu, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, "Mode shaping in multicore fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 763-765 (2007).
  19. A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, "Shaping modes in multicore photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 348-350 (2005).
  20. X. H. Fang, M. L. Hu, Y. F. Li, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, A. M. Zheltikov, "Hybrid multicore photonic-crystal fiber for in-phase supermode selection," Opt. Lett. 35, 493-495 (2010).
  21. A. Yariv, "Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919-933 (1973).

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

K. M. Gundu, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, "Mode shaping in multicore fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 763-765 (2007).

L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Photonic crystal fibers confining light by both index-guiding and bandgap-guiding: Hybrid PCFs," Opt. Exp. 15, 15637-15647 (2007).

Z. Wang, T. Taru, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, "Coupling in dual-core photonic bandgap fibers: Theory and experiment," Opt. Exp. 15, 4795-4803 (2007).

2006 (1)

S. A. Cerqueira, F. Luan, C. M. B. Cordeiro, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, "Hybrid photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 926-931 (2006).

2005 (6)

J. Proctor, J. N. Kutz, "Nonlinear mode-coupling for passive mode-locking: Application of waveguide arrays, dual-core fibers, and/or fiber arrays," Opt. Exp. 13, 8933-8950 (2005).

G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2-D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region (${<} 20$ dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Exp. 13, 8452-8459 (2005).

A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, "Shaping modes in multicore photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 348-350 (2005).

L. Michaille, C. R. Bennett, D. M. Taylor, T. J. Shepherd, J. Broeng, H. R. Simonsen, A. Petersson, "Phase locking and supermode selection in multicore photonic crystal fiber lasers with a large doped area," Opt. Lett. 30, 1668-1670 (2005).

Z. Wang, G. Y. Kai, Y. G. Liu, J. F. Liu, C. S. Zhang, T. T. Sun, C. Wang, W. G. Zhang, S. Z. Yuan, X. Y. Dong, "Coupling and decoupling of dual-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 2542-2544 (2005).

J. Laegsgaard, "Directional coupling in twin-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 3281-3283 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, "Coupling characteristics of dual-core photonic crystal fiber couplers," Opt. Exp. 11, 3188-3195 (2003).

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. Russell, A. H. Greenaway, "Experimental study of dual-core photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 36, 1358-1359 (2000).

1998 (2)

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, T. Pertsch, "The multicore fiber—A novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russel, "Photonic bandgap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

H. G. Winful, D. T. Walton, "Passive mode locking through nonlinear coupling in a dual-core fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1688-1690 (1992).

1973 (1)

A. Yariv, "Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919-933 (1973).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. Russell, A. H. Greenaway, "Experimental study of dual-core photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 36, 1358-1359 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, "Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919-933 (1973).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, "Shaping modes in multicore photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 348-350 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Glas, M. Naumann, A. Schirrmacher, T. Pertsch, "The multicore fiber—A novel design for a diode pumped fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 151, 187-195 (1998).

Opt. Exp. (1)

G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2-D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region (${<} 20$ dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Exp. 13, 8452-8459 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (1)

H. G. Winful, D. T. Walton, "Passive mode locking through nonlinear coupling in a dual-core fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1688-1690 (1992).

Opt. Exp. (5)

J. Proctor, J. N. Kutz, "Nonlinear mode-coupling for passive mode-locking: Application of waveguide arrays, dual-core fibers, and/or fiber arrays," Opt. Exp. 13, 8933-8950 (2005).

S. A. Cerqueira, F. Luan, C. M. B. Cordeiro, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, "Hybrid photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 926-931 (2006).

L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Photonic crystal fibers confining light by both index-guiding and bandgap-guiding: Hybrid PCFs," Opt. Exp. 15, 15637-15647 (2007).

K. Saitoh, Y. Sato, M. Koshiba, "Coupling characteristics of dual-core photonic crystal fiber couplers," Opt. Exp. 11, 3188-3195 (2003).

Z. Wang, T. Taru, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, "Coupling in dual-core photonic bandgap fibers: Theory and experiment," Opt. Exp. 15, 4795-4803 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (9)

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).

N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, B. J. Eggleton, "Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 27, 1592-1594 (2002).

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "All-solid photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 2369-2371 (2004).

L. Michaille, C. R. Bennett, D. M. Taylor, T. J. Shepherd, J. Broeng, H. R. Simonsen, A. Petersson, "Phase locking and supermode selection in multicore photonic crystal fiber lasers with a large doped area," Opt. Lett. 30, 1668-1670 (2005).

Z. Wang, G. Y. Kai, Y. G. Liu, J. F. Liu, C. S. Zhang, T. T. Sun, C. Wang, W. G. Zhang, S. Z. Yuan, X. Y. Dong, "Coupling and decoupling of dual-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 2542-2544 (2005).

J. Laegsgaard, "Directional coupling in twin-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 3281-3283 (2005).

K. M. Gundu, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, "Mode shaping in multicore fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 763-765 (2007).

L. Michaille, D. M. Taylor, C. R. Bennett, T. J. Shepherd, B. G. Ward, "Characteristics of a $Q$-switched multicore photonic crystal fiber laser with a very large mode field area," Opt. Lett. 33, 71-73 (2008).

X. H. Fang, M. L. Hu, Y. F. Li, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, A. M. Zheltikov, "Hybrid multicore photonic-crystal fiber for in-phase supermode selection," Opt. Lett. 35, 493-495 (2010).

Science (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russel, "Photonic bandgap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

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