Abstract

The phase response of an injection locked semiconductor laser that is used as the phase modulator in a resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator is studied in detail. It is shown that, signal-to-intermodulation ratio of such a modulator is affected by the injection ratio, linewidth enhancement factor of the semiconductor laser, residual amplitude modulation, depth of phase modulation, and linearity of the resonant cavity response. Experimental measurements of the signal-to-intermodulation ratio of this modulator using a semiconductor Fabry-Pérot laser as the resonant cavity are in good agreement with the theoretically predicted values.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator," Optics Lett. 35, 1218-1220 (2010).
  2. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communication," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).
  3. R. Adler, "A study of locking phenomena in oscillators," Proceedings of the IEEE 61, (1973).
  4. S. Kobayashi, T. Kimura, "Optical phase modulation in an injection locked AlGaAs semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-30, 1650-1657 (1982).
  5. R. Lang, "Injection locking properties of a semiconductor-laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 6976-983 (1982).
  6. F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, "Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784-793 (1985).
  7. E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, M. C. Wu, "Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: A tutorial," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 15, 618-633 (2009).
  8. C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Injection locking of VCSELs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 9, 1386-1393 (2003).
  9. H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, "Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227-235 (1996).
  10. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  11. C. H. Henry, N. A. Olsson, N. K. Dutta, "Locking range and stability of injection locked 1.54 $\mu$m InGaAsp semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1152-1156 (1985).
  12. C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, J. L. Prince, "Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 906-920 (2006).

2010 (1)

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator," Optics Lett. 35, 1218-1220 (2010).

2009 (2)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communication," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, M. C. Wu, "Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: A tutorial," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 15, 618-633 (2009).

2006 (1)

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, J. L. Prince, "Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 906-920 (2006).

2003 (1)

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Injection locking of VCSELs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 9, 1386-1393 (2003).

1996 (1)

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, "Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227-235 (1996).

1985 (2)

C. H. Henry, N. A. Olsson, N. K. Dutta, "Locking range and stability of injection locked 1.54 $\mu$m InGaAsp semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1152-1156 (1985).

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, "Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784-793 (1985).

1982 (2)

S. Kobayashi, T. Kimura, "Optical phase modulation in an injection locked AlGaAs semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-30, 1650-1657 (1982).

R. Lang, "Injection locking properties of a semiconductor-laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 6976-983 (1982).

1973 (1)

R. Adler, "A study of locking phenomena in oscillators," Proceedings of the IEEE 61, (1973).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. H. Henry, N. A. Olsson, N. K. Dutta, "Locking range and stability of injection locked 1.54 $\mu$m InGaAsp semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1152-1156 (1985).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, J. L. Prince, "Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 906-920 (2006).

S. Kobayashi, T. Kimura, "Optical phase modulation in an injection locked AlGaAs semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-30, 1650-1657 (1982).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron (1)

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, M. C. Wu, "Enhanced modulation characteristics of optical injection-locked lasers: A tutorial," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 15, 618-633 (2009).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communication," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. Lang, "Injection locking properties of a semiconductor-laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 6976-983 (1982).

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, "Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784-793 (1985).

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, "Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227-235 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron (1)

C. H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Injection locking of VCSELs," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 9, 1386-1393 (2003).

Optics Lett. (1)

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Resonant cavity linear interferometric intensity modulator," Optics Lett. 35, 1218-1220 (2010).

Proceedings of the IEEE (1)

R. Adler, "A study of locking phenomena in oscillators," Proceedings of the IEEE 61, (1973).

Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

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