Abstract

Most research works in optical burst switching (OBS) networks do not take into account the impact of physical layer impairments (PLIs) either by considering fully transparent (i.e., with optical 3R regeneration) or opaque (i.e., with electrical 3R regeneration) networks. However, both solutions are not feasible due to the technological requirements of the former and the high cost of the latter. In this paper, we deal with a translucent OBS (TL-OBS) network architecture that aims at bridging the gap between the transparent and opaque solutions. In order to evaluate its performance, a formulation of the routing and regenerator placement and dimensioning problem (RRPD) is presented. Since such formulation results in a complex problem, we also propose two alternative strategies. In particular, we evaluate the tradeoff between optimality and execution times provided by these methods. Finally, we conduct a series of simulation experiments that prove that the TL-OBS network model proposed effectively deals with burst losses caused by the impact of PLIs and ensures that the overall network performance remains unaffected.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "Modelling and performance evaluation of a translucent OBS network architecture," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. MiamiFL (2010).
  2. O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "RRPD strategies for a T-OBS network architecture," IEEE Conf. High Performance Switching Routing CartagenaSpain (2011).
  3. S. Azodolmolky, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).
  4. B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Transparent versus opaque versus translucent wavelength-routed optical networks," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (1999).
  5. X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing," Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 39-53 (2005).
  6. S. Pachnique, T. Paschenda, P. M. Krummrich, "Physical impairment based regenerator placement and routing in translucent optical networks," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun./Natl. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008).
  7. W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, C. Wang, "REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. HonoluluHA (2009).
  8. Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, "A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks with impairments," IETF Draft, draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-04.txt (2010).
  9. O. González de Dios, G. Bernini, G. Zervas, M. Basham, "Framework for GMPLS and path computation support of sub-wavelength switching optical networks," IETF Draft, draft-gonzalezdedios-subwavelength-framework-00 (2011).
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  12. V. Chan, "Optical flow switching," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010).
  13. G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Translucent optical networks: The way forward," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 48-54 (2007).
  14. A. Sen, S. Murthy, S. Bandyopadhyay, "On sparse placement of regenerator nodes in translucent optical network," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. New OrleansLA (2008).
  15. Y. Fan, B. Wang, "Physical impairment aware scheduling in optical burst switched networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 18, 244-254 (2009).
  16. B. G. Bathula, V. M. Vokkarane, R. R. C. Bikram, "Impairment-aware manycasting over optical burst-switched networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. BeijingChina (2008).
  17. H. Buchta, E. Patzak, "Analysis of the physical impairments on maximum size and throughput of SOA-based optical burst switching nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2919-2927 (2008).
  18. S. Kim, N. Kim, M. Kang, "Contention resolution for optical burst switching networks using alternative routing," IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. New YorkNY (2002).
  19. L. Yang, G. N. Rouskas, "Adaptive path selection in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3002-3011 (2006).
  20. M. Klinkowski, "An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks," Opt. Switching Netw. 7, 41-53 (2010).
  21. D. C. Kilper, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 293-304 (2004).
  22. R. Martı´nez, R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, T. Tsuritani, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).
  23. P. Pavon-Mariño, "Offline impairment aware RWA algorithms for cross-layer planning of optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1763-1775 (2009).
  24. A. Morea, "QoT function and A* routing: An optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 42-61 (2008).
  25. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 490-497.
  26. O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "Offline routing and regenerator placement and dimensioning for translucent OBS networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9, 651-666 (2011).
  27. INPHENIX (2010) http://www.inphenix.com/soa_devices.html, accessed in.
  28. MRV (2010) http://www.mrv.com/product/MRV-LD-OAB, accessed in.
  29. M. Mestre, "Tuning characteristics and switching speed of a modulated grating Y structure laser for wavelength routed PONs," ANIC KarlsrhueGermany (2010).
  30. M. Zannin, "On the benefits of optical gain-clamped amplification in optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5475-5482 (2009).
  31. Z. Rosberg, H. Le Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Area. Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).
  32. M. Klinkowski, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, M. Marciniak, J. Solé Pareta, "Non-linear optimization for multi-path source routing in OBS networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 1016-1018 (2017).
  33. R. Syski, Introduction to Congestion Theory in Telephone Systems (North-Holland, 1960).
  34. M. Minoux, Mathematical Programming: Theory and Algorithms (Wiley, 1986).
  35. M. Minoux, "Discrete cost multicommodity network optimization problems and exact solution methods," Ann. Oper. Res. 106, 19-46 (2001).
  36. E. Salvadori, "Distributed optical control plane architectures for handling transmission impairments in transparent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol 27, 2224-2239 (2009).
  37. S. De Maesschalck, "Pan-Europeanoptical transport networks: An availability-based comparison," Photon. Netw. Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).
  38. K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, H. W. Braun, "Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone," IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Commun. San FranciscoCA (1993).
  39. S. Orlowski, M. Pióro, A. Tomaszewski, R. Wessäly, "SNDlib 1.0—Survivable network design library," Int. Netw. Optimization Conf. SpaBelgium (2007).
  40. M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Marciniak, "Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2751-2764 (2009).
  41. J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).
  42. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 316 (1999).
  43. O. Pedrola, "JAVOBS: A flexible simulator for OBS network architectures," J. Netw. 5, 256-264 (2010).
  44. IBM ILOG CPLEX (2010) http://www-01.ibm.com/software/integration/optimization/cplex/, accessed in.

2017 (1)

M. Klinkowski, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, M. Marciniak, J. Solé Pareta, "Non-linear optimization for multi-path source routing in OBS networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 1016-1018 (2017).

2011 (1)

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "Offline routing and regenerator placement and dimensioning for translucent OBS networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9, 651-666 (2011).

2010 (3)

M. Klinkowski, "An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks," Opt. Switching Netw. 7, 41-53 (2010).

R. Martı´nez, R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, T. Tsuritani, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

O. Pedrola, "JAVOBS: A flexible simulator for OBS network architectures," J. Netw. 5, 256-264 (2010).

2009 (6)

P. Pavon-Mariño, "Offline impairment aware RWA algorithms for cross-layer planning of optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1763-1775 (2009).

S. Azodolmolky, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).

Y. Fan, B. Wang, "Physical impairment aware scheduling in optical burst switched networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 18, 244-254 (2009).

M. Zannin, "On the benefits of optical gain-clamped amplification in optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5475-5482 (2009).

E. Salvadori, "Distributed optical control plane architectures for handling transmission impairments in transparent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol 27, 2224-2239 (2009).

M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Marciniak, "Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2751-2764 (2009).

2008 (2)

H. Buchta, E. Patzak, "Analysis of the physical impairments on maximum size and throughput of SOA-based optical burst switching nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2919-2927 (2008).

A. Morea, "QoT function and A* routing: An optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 42-61 (2008).

2007 (1)

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Translucent optical networks: The way forward," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 48-54 (2007).

2006 (1)

L. Yang, G. N. Rouskas, "Adaptive path selection in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3002-3011 (2006).

2005 (1)

X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing," Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 39-53 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. C. Kilper, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 293-304 (2004).

2003 (2)

S. De Maesschalck, "Pan-Europeanoptical transport networks: An availability-based comparison," Photon. Netw. Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Z. Rosberg, H. Le Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Area. Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).

2001 (1)

M. Minoux, "Discrete cost multicommodity network optimization problems and exact solution methods," Ann. Oper. Res. 106, 19-46 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).

1999 (2)

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 316 (1999).

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Ann. Oper. Res. (1)

M. Minoux, "Discrete cost multicommodity network optimization problems and exact solution methods," Ann. Oper. Res. 106, 19-46 (2001).

Comput. Netw. (1)

S. Azodolmolky, "A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks," Comput. Netw. 53, 926-944 (2009).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

M. Klinkowski, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, M. Marciniak, J. Solé Pareta, "Non-linear optimization for multi-path source routing in OBS networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 1016-1018 (2017).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Translucent optical networks: The way forward," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 48-54 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Area. Commun. (1)

Z. Rosberg, H. Le Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Area. Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "Offline routing and regenerator placement and dimensioning for translucent OBS networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 9, 651-666 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Marciniak, "Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2751-2764 (2009).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 316 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).

L. Yang, G. N. Rouskas, "Adaptive path selection in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3002-3011 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

E. Salvadori, "Distributed optical control plane architectures for handling transmission impairments in transparent optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol 27, 2224-2239 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

M. Zannin, "On the benefits of optical gain-clamped amplification in optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5475-5482 (2009).

D. C. Kilper, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 293-304 (2004).

R. Martı´nez, R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, T. Tsuritani, "Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1241-1255 (2010).

P. Pavon-Mariño, "Offline impairment aware RWA algorithms for cross-layer planning of optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1763-1775 (2009).

H. Buchta, E. Patzak, "Analysis of the physical impairments on maximum size and throughput of SOA-based optical burst switching nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2919-2927 (2008).

J. Netw. (1)

O. Pedrola, "JAVOBS: A flexible simulator for OBS network architectures," J. Netw. 5, 256-264 (2010).

Opt. Switching Netw. (1)

M. Klinkowski, "An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks," Opt. Switching Netw. 7, 41-53 (2010).

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (1)

A. Morea, "QoT function and A* routing: An optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 7, 42-61 (2008).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

S. De Maesschalck, "Pan-Europeanoptical transport networks: An availability-based comparison," Photon. Netw. Commun. 5, 203-225 (2003).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

Y. Fan, B. Wang, "Physical impairment aware scheduling in optical burst switched networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 18, 244-254 (2009).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing," Photon. Netw. Commun. 10, 39-53 (2005).

Other (21)

S. Pachnique, T. Paschenda, P. M. Krummrich, "Physical impairment based regenerator placement and routing in translucent optical networks," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun./Natl. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008).

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, C. Wang, "REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. HonoluluHA (2009).

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, "A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks with impairments," IETF Draft, draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-04.txt (2010).

O. González de Dios, G. Bernini, G. Zervas, M. Basham, "Framework for GMPLS and path computation support of sub-wavelength switching optical networks," IETF Draft, draft-gonzalezdedios-subwavelength-framework-00 (2011).

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Transparent versus opaque versus translucent wavelength-routed optical networks," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (1999).

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "Modelling and performance evaluation of a translucent OBS network architecture," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. MiamiFL (2010).

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Solé-Pareta, "RRPD strategies for a T-OBS network architecture," IEEE Conf. High Performance Switching Routing CartagenaSpain (2011).

B. G. Bathula, V. M. Vokkarane, R. R. C. Bikram, "Impairment-aware manycasting over optical burst-switched networks," IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. BeijingChina (2008).

S. Kim, N. Kim, M. Kang, "Contention resolution for optical burst switching networks using alternative routing," IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. New YorkNY (2002).

T. Rasmussen, "Next generation packet-optical systems," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010).

V. Chan, "Optical flow switching," OSA Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010).

A. Sen, S. Murthy, S. Bandyopadhyay, "On sparse placement of regenerator nodes in translucent optical network," IEEE Int. Conf. Global Commun. New OrleansLA (2008).

K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, H. W. Braun, "Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone," IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Commun. San FranciscoCA (1993).

S. Orlowski, M. Pióro, A. Tomaszewski, R. Wessäly, "SNDlib 1.0—Survivable network design library," Int. Netw. Optimization Conf. SpaBelgium (2007).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 490-497.

INPHENIX (2010) http://www.inphenix.com/soa_devices.html, accessed in.

MRV (2010) http://www.mrv.com/product/MRV-LD-OAB, accessed in.

M. Mestre, "Tuning characteristics and switching speed of a modulated grating Y structure laser for wavelength routed PONs," ANIC KarlsrhueGermany (2010).

IBM ILOG CPLEX (2010) http://www-01.ibm.com/software/integration/optimization/cplex/, accessed in.

R. Syski, Introduction to Congestion Theory in Telephone Systems (North-Holland, 1960).

M. Minoux, Mathematical Programming: Theory and Algorithms (Wiley, 1986).

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