Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a record 4096 (=16 × 16 × 16)-ary optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) system at 2.5 Gbps using multidimensional phase shift keying (PSK) codes generated/processed by a single multiport optical encoder/decoder (E/D). To analyze the system performance, we evaluate the power margin and the data confidentiality. For application to access networks, we propose and numerically evaluate the performance of 10 Gbps, 4096-ary optical code division multiple access (OCDMA)-based passive optical network (PON).

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. K. Kitayama, H. Sotobayashi, N. Wada, "Optical code division multiplexing and its application to photonic networks (invited)," IEICE Trans. E82-A, 2616-2626 (1999).
  2. G. Manzacca, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Comparative study of multiencoding schemes for OCDM using a single multiport optical encoder/decoder," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 559-561 (2007).
  3. X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Manzacca, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of 8$\,\times\,$10.7 Gbps asynchronous code-shift keying OCDMA with multi-port en/decoder for multidimensional optical code processing," Proc. ECOC2006 (2006).
  4. T. H. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).
  5. T. H. Shake, "Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).
  6. D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues OCDMA: A code-switching sheme," Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).
  7. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Asynchronous multiuser coherent OCDMA system with code-shift-keying and balanced detection," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 13, 1463-1470 (2007).
  8. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Secure optical bit- and block-cipher transmission using a single multiport encoder/decoder," Proc. OFC/NFOFC (2008).
  9. E. Narimanov, B. Wu, "Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA," Proc. Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. (2005).
  10. S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. J. Runser, "A novel method for increasing the spectral eficiency of optical CDMA," IEEE Globecom. (2005) pp. 2009-2013.
  11. R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, S. Etemad, "Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed spectral phase encoded OCDMA," J. Opt. Networking 6, 442-450 (2007).
  12. T. Kodama, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Secure 2.5 Gbit/s,16-ary OCDM block-ciphering with XOR using a single multi-port en/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 181-187 (2010).
  13. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, T. Miyazaki, "A novel multiplexed optical code label processing with huge number of address entry for scalable optical packet switched network," Proc. 33th ECOC (2007).
  14. G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, V. Sacchieri, X. Wang, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Secure OCDM transmission using a planar multiport encoder/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1798-1806 (2008).
  15. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Full duplex demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps$\, \times \,$4-user DPSK-OCDMA system using hybrid multi-port and SSFBG en/decoder," Proc. 34th ECOC (2008).
  16. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: Modeling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
  17. X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
  18. N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
  19. Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Suguta, A. Himeno, "400-channel 25-GHz spacing arrayed-waveguide grating covering a full range of C-band and L-bands," Proc. OFC (2001).

2010 (1)

T. Kodama, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Secure 2.5 Gbit/s,16-ary OCDM block-ciphering with XOR using a single multi-port en/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 181-187 (2010).

2008 (1)

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, V. Sacchieri, X. Wang, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Secure OCDM transmission using a planar multiport encoder/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1798-1806 (2008).

2007 (3)

G. Manzacca, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Comparative study of multiencoding schemes for OCDM using a single multiport optical encoder/decoder," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 559-561 (2007).

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Asynchronous multiuser coherent OCDMA system with code-shift-keying and balanced detection," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 13, 1463-1470 (2007).

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, S. Etemad, "Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed spectral phase encoded OCDMA," J. Opt. Networking 6, 442-450 (2007).

2006 (2)

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: Modeling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

2005 (3)

T. H. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).

T. H. Shake, "Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues OCDMA: A code-switching sheme," Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).

2004 (1)

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

1999 (1)

K. Kitayama, H. Sotobayashi, N. Wada, "Optical code division multiplexing and its application to photonic networks (invited)," IEICE Trans. E82-A, 2616-2626 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. E. Leaird, Z. Jiang, A. M. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues OCDMA: A code-switching sheme," Electron. Lett. 41, 817-819 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Manzacca, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Comparative study of multiencoding schemes for OCDM using a single multiport optical encoder/decoder," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 559-561 (2007).

IEICE Trans. (1)

K. Kitayama, H. Sotobayashi, N. Wada, "Optical code division multiplexing and its application to photonic networks (invited)," IEICE Trans. E82-A, 2616-2626 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

T. Kodama, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Secure 2.5 Gbit/s,16-ary OCDM block-ciphering with XOR using a single multi-port en/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 181-187 (2010).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: Modeling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part II: Experiments and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

T. H. Shake, "Security performance of optical CDMA against eavesdropping," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 655-670 (2005).

T. H. Shake, "Confidentiality performance of spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1652-1663 (2005).

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, V. Sacchieri, X. Wang, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Secure OCDM transmission using a planar multiport encoder/decoder," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1798-1806 (2008).

J. Opt. Networking (1)

R. Menendez, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, S. Etemad, "Direct optical processing of M-ary code-shift keyed spectral phase encoded OCDMA," J. Opt. Networking 6, 442-450 (2007).

J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron (1)

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Asynchronous multiuser coherent OCDMA system with code-shift-keying and balanced detection," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron 13, 1463-1470 (2007).

Other (7)

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Secure optical bit- and block-cipher transmission using a single multiport encoder/decoder," Proc. OFC/NFOFC (2008).

E. Narimanov, B. Wu, "Advanced coding techniques for asynchronous fiber-optical CDMA," Proc. Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. (2005).

S. Galli, R. Menendez, R. Fischer, R. J. Runser, "A novel method for increasing the spectral eficiency of optical CDMA," IEEE Globecom. (2005) pp. 2009-2013.

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Manzacca, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of 8$\,\times\,$10.7 Gbps asynchronous code-shift keying OCDMA with multi-port en/decoder for multidimensional optical code processing," Proc. ECOC2006 (2006).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, T. Miyazaki, "A novel multiplexed optical code label processing with huge number of address entry for scalable optical packet switched network," Proc. 33th ECOC (2007).

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Suguta, A. Himeno, "400-channel 25-GHz spacing arrayed-waveguide grating covering a full range of C-band and L-bands," Proc. OFC (2001).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Full duplex demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps$\, \times \,$4-user DPSK-OCDMA system using hybrid multi-port and SSFBG en/decoder," Proc. 34th ECOC (2008).

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