Abstract

The extended network span of next-generation long-reach passive optical networks (LR-PONs) results in extremely long propagation delays that severely degrade the performance of centralized bandwidth allocation algorithms. This is because these algorithms are based on bandwidth negotiation messages frequently exchanged between the optical line terminal (OLT) in the central office and optical network units (ONUs) near the users, which become seriously delayed when the network is extended. To address this problem, we propose a decentralized media access scheme for emerging LR-PONs to make the performance independent of the physical length between the OLT and ONUs. We also maintain centralized control over the network, usually missed in conventional decentralized schemes, to support and manage quality of service according to user service level agreements. The scheme thus combines decentralized media access with centralized control to meet the special requirements of emerging LR-PONs. We investigate the performance of the proposed scheme in contrast with centralized schemes under worst case conditions. We also explore various approaches to further enhance the performance of our scheme. Simulation results show that the average upstream packet delay can be decreased by 60% while also maintaining a high throughput.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).
  2. F. Effenberger, J. Kani, Y. Maeda, "Standardization trends and prospective views on the next generation of broadband optical access systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 773-780 (2010).
  3. L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," J. IEEE Syst. 4, 449-457 (2010).
  4. D. Payne, R. Davey, "Long reach access networks: Avoiding the bandwidth-price dilemma," Proc. Broadband Eur. (2004).
  5. R. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S.-H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).
  6. D. Shea, J. Mitchell, "Architecture to integrate multiple PONs with long reach DWDM backhaul," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 126-133 (2009).
  7. H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 12, 112-123 (2010).
  8. J. Zhenga, H. Mouftah, "A survey of DBA algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," Opt. Switch. Network. 6, 151-162 (2009).
  9. M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "Ethernet passive optical network archetectures and DBA algorithms," IEEE Commun. Serveys Tuts. 10, 151-162 (2008).
  10. H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Multi-thread polling: A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in LR-PON," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 134-142 (2009).
  11. B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Periodic GATE optimization (PGO): A new service scheme for long-reach PONs," IEEE J. Syst. 4, 440-448 (2010).
  12. N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, R. J. Durán, P. Fernández, I. de Miguel, R. M. Lorenzo, E. J. Abril, "Adaptive polling algorithm to provide subscriber and service differentiation in a long-reach EPON," Photon. Netw. Commun. 19, 257-264 (2010).
  13. S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).
  14. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for EPON," IEEE Comm. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  15. Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).
  16. C. Sue, H. Cheng, "A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT," ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 624-637 (2010).
  17. N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, P. Fernández, R. J. Durán, R. M. Lorenzo, I. de Miguel, E. J. Abril, "A bandwidth assignment polling algorithm to enhance the efficiency in QoS long-reach EPONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 22, 35-44 (2011).
  18. B. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, R. S. Roman, "An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM PON," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) pp. WN5-1-WN5-3.
  19. C. Chae, E. Wong, R. Tucker, "Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).
  20. A. Helmy, H. Fathallah, "Taking turns with adaptive cycle time: An upstream media access scheme for extended-reach FTTx," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. Inf. Technol. (2011) pp. 82-86.
  21. C. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Remote repeater-based EPON with MAC forwarding for long-reach and high-split-ratio passive optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comm. Netw. 2, 28-37 (2010).

2011

N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, P. Fernández, R. J. Durán, R. M. Lorenzo, I. de Miguel, E. J. Abril, "A bandwidth assignment polling algorithm to enhance the efficiency in QoS long-reach EPONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 22, 35-44 (2011).

2010

C. Sue, H. Cheng, "A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT," ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 624-637 (2010).

C. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Remote repeater-based EPON with MAC forwarding for long-reach and high-split-ratio passive optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comm. Netw. 2, 28-37 (2010).

H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 12, 112-123 (2010).

F. Effenberger, J. Kani, Y. Maeda, "Standardization trends and prospective views on the next generation of broadband optical access systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 773-780 (2010).

L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," J. IEEE Syst. 4, 449-457 (2010).

B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Periodic GATE optimization (PGO): A new service scheme for long-reach PONs," IEEE J. Syst. 4, 440-448 (2010).

N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, R. J. Durán, P. Fernández, I. de Miguel, R. M. Lorenzo, E. J. Abril, "Adaptive polling algorithm to provide subscriber and service differentiation in a long-reach EPON," Photon. Netw. Commun. 19, 257-264 (2010).

2009

R. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S.-H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).

D. Shea, J. Mitchell, "Architecture to integrate multiple PONs with long reach DWDM backhaul," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 126-133 (2009).

J. Zhenga, H. Mouftah, "A survey of DBA algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," Opt. Switch. Network. 6, 151-162 (2009).

H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Multi-thread polling: A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in LR-PON," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 134-142 (2009).

2008

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "Ethernet passive optical network archetectures and DBA algorithms," IEEE Commun. Serveys Tuts. 10, 151-162 (2008).

2004

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

2002

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for EPON," IEEE Comm. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

C. Chae, E. Wong, R. Tucker, "Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).

ACM Trans. Netw.

C. Sue, H. Cheng, "A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT," ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 624-637 (2010).

Eur. Trans. Telecommun.

N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, P. Fernández, R. J. Durán, R. M. Lorenzo, I. de Miguel, E. J. Abril, "A bandwidth assignment polling algorithm to enhance the efficiency in QoS long-reach EPONs," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 22, 35-44 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

F. Effenberger, J. Kani, Y. Maeda, "Standardization trends and prospective views on the next generation of broadband optical access systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 773-780 (2010).

IEEE J. Syst.

B. Kantarci, H. Mouftah, "Periodic GATE optimization (PGO): A new service scheme for long-reach PONs," IEEE J. Syst. 4, 440-448 (2010).

IEEE Comm. Mag.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for EPON," IEEE Comm. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Serveys Tuts.

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, M. Maier, "Ethernet passive optical network archetectures and DBA algorithms," IEEE Commun. Serveys Tuts. 10, 151-162 (2008).

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts.

H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Long-reach optical access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts. 12, 112-123 (2010).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

D. Shea, J. Mitchell, "Architecture to integrate multiple PONs with long reach DWDM backhaul," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 126-133 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

H. Song, B. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Multi-thread polling: A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in LR-PON," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 134-142 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Chae, E. Wong, R. Tucker, "Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 711-713 (2002).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comm. Netw.

C. Chan, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, "Remote repeater-based EPON with MAC forwarding for long-reach and high-split-ratio passive optical networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comm. Netw. 2, 28-37 (2010).

J. IEEE Syst.

L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," J. IEEE Syst. 4, 449-457 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol.

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

R. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S.-H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).

Opt. Switch. Network.

J. Zhenga, H. Mouftah, "A survey of DBA algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," Opt. Switch. Network. 6, 151-162 (2009).

Photon. Netw. Commun.

N. Merayo, T. Jiménez, R. J. Durán, P. Fernández, I. de Miguel, R. M. Lorenzo, E. J. Abril, "Adaptive polling algorithm to provide subscriber and service differentiation in a long-reach EPON," Photon. Netw. Commun. 19, 257-264 (2010).

Other

B. Desai, N. J. Frigo, A. Smiljanic, K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, R. S. Roman, "An optical implementation of a packet-based (Ethernet) MAC in a WDM PON," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) pp. WN5-1-WN5-3.

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (McGraw-Hill, 2005).

D. Payne, R. Davey, "Long reach access networks: Avoiding the bandwidth-price dilemma," Proc. Broadband Eur. (2004).

A. Helmy, H. Fathallah, "Taking turns with adaptive cycle time: An upstream media access scheme for extended-reach FTTx," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. Inf. Technol. (2011) pp. 82-86.

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