Abstract

The nonlinear effects of Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM) and self phase modulation (SPM), in optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) under the presence of high peak power is studied. A full coherent optical communication system is presented and analyzed. Standard method to reduce the peak to average power ratio (PAPR) values combined with improved technique to mitigate the nonlinear effect, by means of optimized digital pre-distortion, is analyzed and a full performance analysis is presented.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. L. Hanzo, M. Münster, B. J. Choi, T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2003) pp. 47-48.
  2. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Optical Communication (Elsevier, 2010) pp. 38-39.
  3. S. H. Han, J. H. Lee, "An overview of peak to average power ratio reduction techniques for multicarrier transmission," Wireless Commun. 56-65 (2005).
  4. B. Goebel, S. Hellerbrand, N. Haufe, N. Hanik, "PAPR reduction techniques for coherent optical OFDM transmission," Proc. ICTON 2009 (2009).
  5. A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM," Opt. Express 15, (2007).
  6. X. Liu, R. W. Tkach, "Joint SPM compensation for inline-dispersion-compensated 112-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).
  7. R. I. Kelly, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).
  8. C. Weber, "Electronic precompensation of intrachannel nonlinearities at 40 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1759-1761 (2006).
  9. Y. Tang, K. P. Ho, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmitter design employing predistortion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 954-956 (2008).
  10. J. Tellado, Multicarrier Modulation With Low PAR: Applications to DSL and Wireless (Kluwer, 2000) pp. 18.
  11. C. Tellambura, "Computation of the continuous–time PAR of an OFDM signal with BPSK subcarriers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 185-187 (2001).
  12. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2007) pp. 40-46.
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).
  14. E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).
  15. E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2033-2043 (2007).
  16. A. Gorshtein, D. Sadot, G. Katz, O. Levy, "Coherent CD equalization for 111 Gbps DP-QPSK with one sample per symbol based on anti-aliasing filtering and MLSE," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).
  17. G. L. Li, P. K. L. Yu, "Optical intensity modulators for digital and analog applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2010-2029 (2003).
  18. V. A. Bohara, S. H. Ting, "Theoretical analysis of OFDM signals in nonlinear polynomial models," Proc. ICICS (2007).
  19. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1995).
  20. H. Ochiai, H. Imai, "On the distribution of the peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 282-289 (2001).
  21. K. Cho, D. Yoon, "On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1074-1080 (2002).
  22. S. H. Müller, R. W. Bäuml, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "OFDM with reduced peak-to-average power ratio by multiple signal representation," Ann. Telecommun. 52, 58-67 (1997).
  23. K. P. Ho, J. M. Khan, "Electronic compensation technique to mitigate nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 779-783 (2004).

2008 (2)

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).

Y. Tang, K. P. Ho, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmitter design employing predistortion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 954-956 (2008).

2007 (2)

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2033-2043 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM," Opt. Express 15, (2007).

2006 (1)

C. Weber, "Electronic precompensation of intrachannel nonlinearities at 40 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1759-1761 (2006).

2005 (2)

S. H. Han, J. H. Lee, "An overview of peak to average power ratio reduction techniques for multicarrier transmission," Wireless Commun. 56-65 (2005).

R. I. Kelly, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).

2004 (1)

K. P. Ho, J. M. Khan, "Electronic compensation technique to mitigate nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 779-783 (2004).

2003 (1)

G. L. Li, P. K. L. Yu, "Optical intensity modulators for digital and analog applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2010-2029 (2003).

2002 (1)

K. Cho, D. Yoon, "On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1074-1080 (2002).

2001 (2)

C. Tellambura, "Computation of the continuous–time PAR of an OFDM signal with BPSK subcarriers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 185-187 (2001).

H. Ochiai, H. Imai, "On the distribution of the peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 282-289 (2001).

1997 (1)

S. H. Müller, R. W. Bäuml, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "OFDM with reduced peak-to-average power ratio by multiple signal representation," Ann. Telecommun. 52, 58-67 (1997).

Ann. Telecommun. (1)

S. H. Müller, R. W. Bäuml, R. F. H. Fischer, J. B. Huber, "OFDM with reduced peak-to-average power ratio by multiple signal representation," Ann. Telecommun. 52, 58-67 (1997).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

C. Tellambura, "Computation of the continuous–time PAR of an OFDM signal with BPSK subcarriers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 185-187 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. I. Kelly, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).

C. Weber, "Electronic precompensation of intrachannel nonlinearities at 40 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1759-1761 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Cho, D. Yoon, "On the general BER expression of one- and two-dimensional amplitude modulations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1074-1080 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Tang, K. P. Ho, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmitter design employing predistortion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 954-956 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

H. Ochiai, H. Imai, "On the distribution of the peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM signals," IEEE Trans. Commun. 49, 282-289 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Digital equalization of chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2033-2043 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

G. L. Li, P. K. L. Yu, "Optical intensity modulators for digital and analog applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2010-2029 (2003).

K. P. Ho, J. M. Khan, "Electronic compensation technique to mitigate nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 779-783 (2004).

Opt. Express (2)

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).

A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM," Opt. Express 15, (2007).

Wireless Commun. (1)

S. H. Han, J. H. Lee, "An overview of peak to average power ratio reduction techniques for multicarrier transmission," Wireless Commun. 56-65 (2005).

Other (10)

B. Goebel, S. Hellerbrand, N. Haufe, N. Hanik, "PAPR reduction techniques for coherent optical OFDM transmission," Proc. ICTON 2009 (2009).

L. Hanzo, M. Münster, B. J. Choi, T. Keller, OFDM and MC-CDMA for Broadband Multi-User Communications, WLANs and Broadcasting (Wiley, 2003) pp. 47-48.

W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Optical Communication (Elsevier, 2010) pp. 38-39.

J. Tellado, Multicarrier Modulation With Low PAR: Applications to DSL and Wireless (Kluwer, 2000) pp. 18.

X. Liu, R. W. Tkach, "Joint SPM compensation for inline-dispersion-compensated 112-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2007) pp. 40-46.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

V. A. Bohara, S. H. Ting, "Theoretical analysis of OFDM signals in nonlinear polynomial models," Proc. ICICS (2007).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

A. Gorshtein, D. Sadot, G. Katz, O. Levy, "Coherent CD equalization for 111 Gbps DP-QPSK with one sample per symbol based on anti-aliasing filtering and MLSE," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).

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