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J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in
optical fibers," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).

H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode optical
fiber," Science 289, 281-283 (2000).

G. J. Foschini, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, "Probability densities of second-order polarization
mode dispersion including polarization dependent chromatic fiber
dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 293-295 (2000).

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset
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architectures," IBM J. Res. Dev. 49, 755-775 (2005).

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, "100 G and beyond with digital coherent signal
processing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62-69 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, "Ultra-high-capacity DWDM transmission system for 100 G
and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S56-S64 (2010).

J. M. Kahn, K.-P. Ho, "Spectral efficiency limits and modulation/detection
techniques for DWDM systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 259-272 (2004).

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Elliptical-core dual-mode fiber dispersion
compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 194-197 (1993).

G. J. Foschini, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, "Probability densities of second-order polarization
mode dispersion including polarization dependent chromatic fiber
dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 293-295 (2000).

P. J. Winzer, "Beyond 100 G Ethernet," IEEE. Commun. Mag. 48, 26-30 (2010).

D. Voiculescu, "Limit laws for random matrices and free
products," Invent. Math. 104, 201-220 (1991).

P. Pepeljugoshi, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode
fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

G. J. Foschini, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, "Statistics of second-order PMD
depolarization," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1882-1886 (2001).

M. B. Shemirani, J. M. Kahn, "Higher-order modal dispersion in graded-index
multimode fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5461-5468 (2009).

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset
launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode
fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

G. J. Foschini, C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in
single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1439-1456 (1991).

M. Karlsson, "Probability density functions of the differential
group delay in optical fiber communication
systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 324-331 (2001).

M. B. Shemirani, W. Mao, R. A. Panicker, J. M. Kahn, "Principal modes in graded-index multimode fiber in
presence of spatial- and polarization-mode
coupling," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1248-1261 (2009).

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, B. Jalali, "Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO)," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2410-2419 (2005).

M. Nazarathy, A. Agmon, "Coherent transmission direct detection MIMO over
short-range optical interconnects and passive optical
networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2037-2045 (2008).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber
networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

J. Ginibre, "Statistical ensembles of complex, quaternion, and real
matrices," J. Math. Phys. 6, 440-450 (1965).

K.-I. Kitayama, S. Sikai, N. Uchida, "Impulse response prediction based on experimental
mode-coupling coefficient in a 10-km long graded-index
fiber," J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 356-362 (1980).

L. Erdős, J. Ramírez, B. Schlein, T. Tao, V. H. Vu, H.-T. Yau, "Bulk universality for Wigner hermitian matrices with
subexponential decay," Math. Res. Lett. 17, 667-674 (2010).

P. P. Mitra, J. B. Stark, "Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of
optical fibre communications," Nature 411, 1027-1030 (2001).

X. Shen, J. M. Kahn, M. A. Horowitz, "Compensation for multimode fiber dispersion by
adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 30, 2985-2987 (2005).

S. Fan, J. M. Kahn, "Principal modes in multi-mode
waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 135-137 (2005).

M. J. Li, D. A. Nolan, "Fiber spin-profile designs for producing fibers with
low polarization mode dispersion," Opt. Lett. 23, 1659-1661 (1998).

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review," Prog. Opt. 18, 1-126 (1980).

H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode optical
fiber," Science 289, 281-283 (2000).

A. F. Garito, J. Wang, R. Gao, "Effects of random perturbations in plastic optical
fibers," Science 281, 962-967 (1998).

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