Abstract

Optical frequency combs are used as local oscillators for the measurement and analysis of unknown optical waveforms with periodic time domain structures. Experimental results obtained by heterodyning pulsed and phase-modulated laser sources are presented. The analysis is then extended to the heterodyning and sampling of bandlimited incoherent light sources. It is shown theoretically and experimentlly that the correlations between photodetected white light at different times can generate RF interference that is sensitive to the optical phase.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Ye, S. Cundiff, Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2005).
  2. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
  3. S. A. Diddams, L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, "Broadband optical frequency comb generation with a phase-modulated parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 24, 1747-1749 (1999).
  4. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, "Accurate measurement of large optical frequency differences with a mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 24, 881-883 (1999).
  5. S. Diddams, D. Jones, J. Ye, S. Cundiff, J. Hall, J. Ranka, R. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
  6. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
  7. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Coherent linear optical sampling at 15 bits of resolution," Opt. Lett. 34, 2153-2155 (2009).
  8. N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, T. He, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of high-fidelity dynamic optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 18, 22988-22995 (2010).
  9. P. Delfyett, S. Gee, H. Izadpanah, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).
  10. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 30, 1557-1559 (2005).
  11. M. Akbulut, S. Bhooplapur, I. Ozdur, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Dynamic line-by-line pulse shaping with GHz update rate," Opt. Exp. 18, 18284-18291 (2010).
  12. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
  13. S. Schiller, "Spectrometry with frequency combs," Opt. Lett. 27, 766-768 (2002).
  14. F. Ferdous, D. E. Leaird, C.-B. Huang, A. M. Weiner, "Dual-comb electric-field cross-correlation technique for optical arbitrary waveform characterization," Opt. Lett. 34, 3875-3877 (2009).
  15. F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Fast high-resolution spectroscopy of dynamic continuous-wave laser sources," Nat. Photonics 4, 853-857 (2010).
  16. I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, N. Hoghooghi, D. Mandridis, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, P. J. Delfyett, "A semiconductor-based 10-GHz optical comb source with sub 3-fs shot-noise-limited timing jitter and ${\sim} {\hbox {500}}$-Hz comb linewidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 431-433 (2010).
  17. A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, J. Ye, "Compact, thermal-noise-limited optical cavity for diode laser stabilization at $1\times 10({-}15)$," Opt. Lett. 32, 641-643 (2007).
  18. Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, C. W. Oates, "Making optical atomic clocks more stable with 10–16-level laser stabilization," Nat. Photonics 5, 158-161 (2011) .
  19. B. Young, F. Cruz, W. Itano, J. Bergquist, "Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799-3802 (1999).
  20. F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, "Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 103001 (2009).
  21. R. H. Brown, R. Q. Twiss, "Interferometry of the intensity fluctuations in light. I. Basic theory: The correlation between photons in coherent beams of radiation," Proc. Roy. Soc. A: Math., Phys. Eng. Sci. (1957) pp. 300-324.
  22. C. Williams, F. Quinlan, P. Delfyett, "Injection-locked mode-locked laser with long-term stabilization and high power-per-combline," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 94-96 (2009).

2011 (1)

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, C. W. Oates, "Making optical atomic clocks more stable with 10–16-level laser stabilization," Nat. Photonics 5, 158-161 (2011) .

2010 (4)

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Fast high-resolution spectroscopy of dynamic continuous-wave laser sources," Nat. Photonics 4, 853-857 (2010).

I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, N. Hoghooghi, D. Mandridis, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, P. J. Delfyett, "A semiconductor-based 10-GHz optical comb source with sub 3-fs shot-noise-limited timing jitter and ${\sim} {\hbox {500}}$-Hz comb linewidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 431-433 (2010).

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, T. He, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of high-fidelity dynamic optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 18, 22988-22995 (2010).

M. Akbulut, S. Bhooplapur, I. Ozdur, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Dynamic line-by-line pulse shaping with GHz update rate," Opt. Exp. 18, 18284-18291 (2010).

2009 (4)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Coherent linear optical sampling at 15 bits of resolution," Opt. Lett. 34, 2153-2155 (2009).

F. Ferdous, D. E. Leaird, C.-B. Huang, A. M. Weiner, "Dual-comb electric-field cross-correlation technique for optical arbitrary waveform characterization," Opt. Lett. 34, 3875-3877 (2009).

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, "Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 103001 (2009).

C. Williams, F. Quinlan, P. Delfyett, "Injection-locked mode-locked laser with long-term stabilization and high power-per-combline," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 94-96 (2009).

2008 (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

P. Delfyett, S. Gee, H. Izadpanah, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).

2005 (1)

2002 (2)

S. Schiller, "Spectrometry with frequency combs," Opt. Lett. 27, 766-768 (2002).

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).

2000 (2)

S. Diddams, D. Jones, J. Ye, S. Cundiff, J. Hall, J. Ranka, R. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).

1999 (3)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

I. Ozdur, M. Akbulut, N. Hoghooghi, D. Mandridis, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, P. J. Delfyett, "A semiconductor-based 10-GHz optical comb source with sub 3-fs shot-noise-limited timing jitter and ${\sim} {\hbox {500}}$-Hz comb linewidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 431-433 (2010).

C. Williams, F. Quinlan, P. Delfyett, "Injection-locked mode-locked laser with long-term stabilization and high power-per-combline," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 94-96 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Delfyett, S. Gee, H. Izadpanah, S. Ozharar, F. Quinlan, T. Yilmaz, "Optical frequency combs from semiconductor lasers and applications in ultrawideband signal processing and communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2701-2719 (2006).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, "Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 103001 (2009).

Nat. Photonics (2)

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, C. W. Oates, "Making optical atomic clocks more stable with 10–16-level laser stabilization," Nat. Photonics 5, 158-161 (2011) .

F. R. Giorgetta, I. Coddington, E. Baumann, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Fast high-resolution spectroscopy of dynamic continuous-wave laser sources," Nat. Photonics 4, 853-857 (2010).

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).

Opt. Exp. (2)

N. K. Fontaine, D. J. Geisler, R. P. Scott, T. He, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of high-fidelity dynamic optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Exp. 18, 22988-22995 (2010).

M. Akbulut, S. Bhooplapur, I. Ozdur, J. Davila-Rodriguez, P. J. Delfyett, "Dynamic line-by-line pulse shaping with GHz update rate," Opt. Exp. 18, 18284-18291 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Diddams, D. Jones, J. Ye, S. Cundiff, J. Hall, J. Ranka, R. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hansch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, "Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).

B. Young, F. Cruz, W. Itano, J. Bergquist, "Visible lasers with subhertz linewidths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799-3802 (1999).

Other (2)

R. H. Brown, R. Q. Twiss, "Interferometry of the intensity fluctuations in light. I. Basic theory: The correlation between photons in coherent beams of radiation," Proc. Roy. Soc. A: Math., Phys. Eng. Sci. (1957) pp. 300-324.

J. Ye, S. Cundiff, Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation, and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.