Abstract

This paper extends the analysis presented in a previous contribution to account for the effect of third-order intermodulation distortion in the system quantum bit error rate attainable in subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution (SCM-QKD) systems, showing that under practical conditions this effect can be safely neglected. When the unconditionally secure key distribution rate is computed for BB84 SCM-QKD systems based on weak coherent pulses and strong reference, it is found a per-channel additional decrease due to nonlinear distortions as low as 1% when compared to the dedicated nonmultiplexed BB84 key distribution channels operated under the same conditions.

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  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbiden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
  2. V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, M. Peev, "The security of practical quantum key distribution," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301-1350 (2009).
  3. T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 1-19 (2009).
  4. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Capmany, "Subcarrier multiplexing optical quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. A 73, 1-4 (2006).
  5. J. Capmany, "Photon nonlinear mixing in subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems," Opt. Exp. 17, 6457-6464 (2009).
  6. J. Capmany, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Mora, A. Ruiz, A. Amaya, A. Martínez, "Analysis of subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems: Signal, intermodulation, and quantum bit error rate," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1607-1621 (2009).
  7. J.-M. Mérolla, Y. Mazurenko, J. P. Goedgebuer, W. T. Rhodes, "Single-photon interference in sidebands of phase-modulated light for quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1656-1659 (1999).
  8. J.-M. Mérolla, Y. Mazurenko, J. P. Goedgebuer, H. Porte, W. T. Rhodes, "Phase-modulation transmission system for quantum cryptography," Opt. Lett. 24, 104-106 (1999).
  9. O. Guerreau, J.-M. Mérolla, A. Soujaeff, F. Patois, J. P. Goedgebuer, F. J. Malassenet, "Long-distance QKD transmission using single-sideband detection scheme with WDM synchronization," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1533-1540 (2003).
  10. J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nature Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).
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  14. J. Mora, A. Ruiz-Alba, W. Amaya, V. García-Muñoz, A. Martínez, J. Capmany, "Microwave photonic filtering scheme for BB84 subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution," Proc. IEEE Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 286-289.
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  16. O. Guerreau, F. J. Malassenet, S. McLaughlin, J. M. Merolla, "Quantum key distribution without a single-photon source using a strong reference," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 1755-1757 (2005).

2009 (4)

J. Capmany, "Photon nonlinear mixing in subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems," Opt. Exp. 17, 6457-6464 (2009).

J. Capmany, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Mora, A. Ruiz, A. Amaya, A. Martínez, "Analysis of subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems: Signal, intermodulation, and quantum bit error rate," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1607-1621 (2009).

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, M. Peev, "The security of practical quantum key distribution," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301-1350 (2009).

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 1-19 (2009).

2007 (1)

J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nature Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Capmany, "Subcarrier multiplexing optical quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. A 73, 1-4 (2006).

2005 (2)

H.-K. Lo, H. F. C. Chau, M. Ardehali, "Efficient quantum key distribution scheme and a proof of its unconditional security," J. Cryptol. 18, 133-165 (2005).

O. Guerreau, F. J. Malassenet, S. McLaughlin, J. M. Merolla, "Quantum key distribution without a single-photon source using a strong reference," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 1755-1757 (2005).

2003 (1)

O. Guerreau, J.-M. Mérolla, A. Soujaeff, F. Patois, J. P. Goedgebuer, F. J. Malassenet, "Long-distance QKD transmission using single-sideband detection scheme with WDM synchronization," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1533-1540 (2003).

2002 (2)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbiden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, K. Okamoto, "1 GHz spaced 16- channel arrayed-waveguide grating for a wavelength reference standard in DWDM network systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 822-825 (2002).

1999 (2)

J.-M. Mérolla, Y. Mazurenko, J. P. Goedgebuer, W. T. Rhodes, "Single-photon interference in sidebands of phase-modulated light for quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1656-1659 (1999).

J.-M. Mérolla, Y. Mazurenko, J. P. Goedgebuer, H. Porte, W. T. Rhodes, "Phase-modulation transmission system for quantum cryptography," Opt. Lett. 24, 104-106 (1999).

1993 (1)

N. J. Frigo, M. R. Phillips, G. E. Bodeep, "Clipping distortion in lightwave CATV systems: Models, simulations and measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 138-146 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

O. Guerreau, F. J. Malassenet, S. McLaughlin, J. M. Merolla, "Quantum key distribution without a single-photon source using a strong reference," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 1755-1757 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Capmany, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Mora, A. Ruiz, A. Amaya, A. Martínez, "Analysis of subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems: Signal, intermodulation, and quantum bit error rate," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1607-1621 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

O. Guerreau, J.-M. Mérolla, A. Soujaeff, F. Patois, J. P. Goedgebuer, F. J. Malassenet, "Long-distance QKD transmission using single-sideband detection scheme with WDM synchronization," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1533-1540 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, K. Okamoto, "1 GHz spaced 16- channel arrayed-waveguide grating for a wavelength reference standard in DWDM network systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 822-825 (2002).

J. Cryptol. (1)

H.-K. Lo, H. F. C. Chau, M. Ardehali, "Efficient quantum key distribution scheme and a proof of its unconditional security," J. Cryptol. 18, 133-165 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

N. J. Frigo, M. R. Phillips, G. E. Bodeep, "Clipping distortion in lightwave CATV systems: Models, simulations and measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 138-146 (1993).

Nature Photon. (1)

J. Capmany, D. Novak, "Microwave photonics combines two worlds," Nature Photon. 1, 319-330 (2007).

New J. Phys. (1)

T. E. Chapuran, P. Toliver, N. A. Peters, J. Jackel, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Runser, S. R. McNown, N. Dallmann, R. J. Hughes, K. P. McCabe, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, K. T. Tyagi, L. Mercer, H. Dardy, "Optical networking for quantum key distribution and quantum communications," New J. Phys. 11, 1-19 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Capmany, "Photon nonlinear mixing in subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution systems," Opt. Exp. 17, 6457-6464 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Capmany, "Subcarrier multiplexing optical quantum key distribution," Phys. Rev. A 73, 1-4 (2006).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J.-M. Mérolla, Y. Mazurenko, J. P. Goedgebuer, W. T. Rhodes, "Single-photon interference in sidebands of phase-modulated light for quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1656-1659 (1999).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbiden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, M. Peev, "The security of practical quantum key distribution," Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301-1350 (2009).

Other (2)

C. R. Doerr, K. Okamoto, Optical Fiber Telecommunications (Academic, 2008).

J. Mora, A. Ruiz-Alba, W. Amaya, V. García-Muñoz, A. Martínez, J. Capmany, "Microwave photonic filtering scheme for BB84 subcarrier multiplexed quantum key distribution," Proc. IEEE Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 286-289.

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