Abstract

Integrating an ultrawideband-over-fiber (UWBoF) system into a wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) is of great interest due to the high potential to provide high data-rate and flexible wired and wireless services with a favorable cost. In this paper, we perform a comprehensive study on an impulse radio UWBoF system compatible with the WDM-PON architecture implemented based on a photonic microwave bandpass filter. The bandpass filter is a two-tap delay-line filter implemented using either a polarization modulator (PolM) or a phase modulator (PM), which is used to simultaneously shape an electrical Gaussian-like pulse to an optical UWB pulse and reduce the out-band noise and interference. The features of the photonic microwave bandpass filters are theoretically studied. The photonic microwave bandpass filter based on a PolM would produce a chirp-free UWB signal, while the one based on a PM would generate a UWB signal that is insensitive to fiber dispersion. A single-channel UWBoF system with ON–OFF keying, biphase modulation, and pulse-position modulation without and with time hopping are experimentally studied. The experimental results agree well with the theoretical predictions. A four-channel UWBoF broadcasting network as well as a hybrid WDM-PON network to provide both wireless and wired services is also experimentally investigated. Results show that a conventional WDM-PON network could be easily upgraded to provide UWB services by incorporating the proposed photonic microwave bandpass filter.

© 2011 IEEE

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  13. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirp-free UWB signals for UWB over fiber applications," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (2009) pp. 100-103.
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  26. J. Li, B. P. P. Kuo, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).
  27. M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, "Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 17, 5023-5032 (2009).
  28. H. W. Chen, M. H. Chen, S. Z. Xie, "Ultrawideband pulse generation using hybrid photonic microwave filters," Opt. Eng. 47, 040504 (2008).
  29. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A dispersion-insensitive UWB over fiber system based on a photonic microwave filter," presented at the Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. MontrealCanada (2010) Paper WE3-5.
  30. J. P. Yao, Q. Wang, "Photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients using a polarization modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 644-646 (2007).
  31. J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters implemented in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1737-1739 (2005).
  32. J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communication systems," Proc. SPIE 5577, 133-143 (2004).
  33. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).
  34. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

2010 (4)

T. B. Gibbon, X. B. Yu, R. Gamatham, N. G. Gonzalez, R. Rodes, J. B. Jensen, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, "3.125 Gb/s impulse radio ultra-wideband photonic generation and distribution over a 50 km fiber with wireless transmission," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 20, 127-129 (2010).

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, C. L. Pan, "100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 473-478 (2010).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "UWB over fiber communications: Modulation and transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2445-2455 (2010).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Performance evaluation of UWB signal transmission over optical fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. 28, 889-900 (2010).

2009 (8)

F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, G. Berrettini, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, N. Calabretta, A. Bogoni, "Evolution scenario toward WDM-PON," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C25-C34 (2009).

G. K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. S. Jia, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

J. P. Yao, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 314-335 (2009).

H. Mu, J. P. Yao, "Polarity- and shape-switchable UWB pulse generation based on a photonic microwave delay-line filter with a negative tap coefficient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1253-1255 (2009).

K. Prince, J. B. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. B. Yu, T. B. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. V. Osadchiy, I. T. Monroy, "Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1274-1276 (2009).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A photonic UWB generator reconfigurable for multiple modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1381-1383 (2009).

J. Li, B. P. P. Kuo, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, "Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 17, 5023-5032 (2009).

2008 (4)

H. W. Chen, M. H. Chen, S. Z. Xie, "Ultrawideband pulse generation using hybrid photonic microwave filters," Opt. Eng. 47, 040504 (2008).

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "All-optical 500-Mb/s UWB transceiver: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2795-2802 (2008).

K. Grobe, J. P. Elbers, "PON in adolescence: From TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

2007 (3)

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Switchable optical UWB monocycle and doublet generation using a reconfigurable photonic microwave delay-line filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 14667-14672 (2007).

J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Q. Wang, "Photonic generation of ultrawideband signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3219-3235 (2007).

J. P. Yao, Q. Wang, "Photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients using a polarization modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 644-646 (2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters implemented in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1737-1739 (2005).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communication systems," Proc. SPIE 5577, 133-143 (2004).

2003 (2)

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. (1)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Performance evaluation of UWB signal transmission over optical fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Area Commun. 28, 889-900 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. P. Yao, Q. Wang, "Photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients using a polarization modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 644-646 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

K. Grobe, J. P. Elbers, "PON in adolescence: From TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

D. Porcino, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. (1)

T. B. Gibbon, X. B. Yu, R. Gamatham, N. G. Gonzalez, R. Rodes, J. B. Jensen, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, "3.125 Gb/s impulse radio ultra-wideband photonic generation and distribution over a 50 km fiber with wireless transmission," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 20, 127-129 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A photonic UWB generator reconfigurable for multiple modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1381-1383 (2009).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters implemented in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1737-1739 (2005).

H. Mu, J. P. Yao, "Polarity- and shape-switchable UWB pulse generation based on a photonic microwave delay-line filter with a negative tap coefficient," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1253-1255 (2009).

K. Prince, J. B. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. B. Yu, T. B. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. V. Osadchiy, I. T. Monroy, "Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1274-1276 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, "Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 945-947 (2008).

J. Li, B. P. P. Kuo, K. K. Y. Wong, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 212-214 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "UWB over fiber communications: Modulation and transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2445-2455 (2010).

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

J. P. Yao, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 314-335 (2009).

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "All-optical 500-Mb/s UWB transceiver: An experimental demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2795-2802 (2008).

J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Q. Wang, "Photonic generation of ultrawideband signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3219-3235 (2007).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

G. K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. S. Jia, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. W. Chen, M. H. Chen, S. Z. Xie, "Ultrawideband pulse generation using hybrid photonic microwave filters," Opt. Eng. 47, 040504 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (1)

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, C. L. Pan, "100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 473-478 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (2)

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "Switchable optical UWB monocycle and doublet generation using a reconfigurable photonic microwave delay-line filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 14667-14672 (2007).

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, "Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats," Opt. Exp. 17, 5023-5032 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communication systems," Proc. SPIE 5577, 133-143 (2004).

Other (7)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A dispersion-insensitive UWB over fiber system based on a photonic microwave filter," presented at the Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. MontrealCanada (2010) Paper WE3-5.

C. M. Tan, L. C. Ong, M. L. Yee, B. Luo, P. K. Tang, "Direct transmission of ultra wide band signals using single mode radio-over-fiber system," Proc. Asia-Pacific Microw. Conf. (2005) pp. 1315-1317.

M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael, R. Kohno, Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering (Wiley, 2004).

I. Oppermann, M. Hämäläinen, J. Iinatti, UWB Theory and Applications (Wiley, 2004).

BPON, ITU-T Recs. G.983; GPON, ITU-T Recs. G.984..

Ethernet First Mile (EFM), IEEE Stds. 802.3 ah; 10 GEPON IEEE Stds. 802.3 av..

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Photonic generation of chirp-free UWB signals for UWB over fiber applications," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (2009) pp. 100-103.

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