Abstract

An all-optical switch was fabricated using azo polymers in a directional coupler form where the index of the coupling region was changed via cis–trans of azo dyes in the polymer matrix. Exposing the coupling region to green or violet light caused switching action with a response time of about 10 seconds.

© 2011 IEEE

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2009

2008

H. K. Alavijeh, G.-M. Parsanasab, M.-A. Baghban, E. Sarailou, A. Gharavi, S. Javadpour, V. Shkunov, "Fabrication of graded index waveguides in azo polymers using a direct writing technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041105-041108 (2008).

H. Karimi-Alavijeh, M.-A. Baghban, G. M. Parsanasab, E. Sarailou, A. Gharavi, S. Javadpour, "Add/drop filter using in-plane slanted gratings in azo polymers," Opt. Lett. 33, 2152-2154 (2008).

T. Xu, G. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Hao, X. Xu, J. Tian, S. M. Ha, Q. , "All-optical switching characteristics of ethyl red doped polymer film," Opt. Mater. 30, 1349-1354 (2008).

2007

D. Yan, L. Yan-Hua, W. Pei, L. Yang-Hua, M. Hai, Z. Qi-Jing, "All-Optical switching based on azo polymer material," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 2849-2851 (2007).

2006

E. Sarailou, A. Gharavi, S. Javadpour, V. Shkunov, "Grating based electro-optic switch with azo nonlinear optical polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171114-171117 (2006).

K. G. Yager, C. J. Barrett, "Novel photo-switching using azobenzene functional materials," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 182, 250-261 (2006).

T.-H. Lin, Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. Y. G. Fuh, S.-T. Wu, "Photo-patterning micro-mirror device using azo dye-doped cholestric liquid crystals," Opt. Exp. 14, 4479-4485 (2006).

2005

2004

Y. Luo, W. She, S. Wu, F. Zeng, S. Yao, "Improvement of all-optical switching effect based on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. B 80, 77-80 (2004).

2000

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse, J. Zyss, "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2464 (2000).

A. V. Tomov, A. I. Voitenkov, "All-optical modulation in azo-dye-doped polymer waveguides," Opt. Commun. 174, 133-137 (2000).

1999

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Luo, W. She, S. Wu, F. Zeng, S. Yao, "Improvement of all-optical switching effect based on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. B 80, 77-80 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. Sarailou, A. Gharavi, S. Javadpour, V. Shkunov, "Grating based electro-optic switch with azo nonlinear optical polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171114-171117 (2006).

H. K. Alavijeh, G.-M. Parsanasab, M.-A. Baghban, E. Sarailou, A. Gharavi, S. Javadpour, V. Shkunov, "Fabrication of graded index waveguides in azo polymers using a direct writing technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041105-041108 (2008).

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse, J. Zyss, "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2464 (2000).

Chin. Phys. Lett.

D. Yan, L. Yan-Hua, W. Pei, L. Yang-Hua, M. Hai, Z. Qi-Jing, "All-Optical switching based on azo polymer material," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 2849-2851 (2007).

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem.

K. G. Yager, C. J. Barrett, "Novel photo-switching using azobenzene functional materials," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 182, 250-261 (2006).

Opt. Commun.

A. V. Tomov, A. I. Voitenkov, "All-optical modulation in azo-dye-doped polymer waveguides," Opt. Commun. 174, 133-137 (2000).

Opt. Exp.

T.-H. Lin, Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. Y. G. Fuh, S.-T. Wu, "Photo-patterning micro-mirror device using azo dye-doped cholestric liquid crystals," Opt. Exp. 14, 4479-4485 (2006).

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

T. Xu, G. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Hao, X. Xu, J. Tian, S. M. Ha, Q. , "All-optical switching characteristics of ethyl red doped polymer film," Opt. Mater. 30, 1349-1354 (2008).

Other

A. Gharavi, H. Saadeh, Substituted-Polyaryl Chromophoric Compounds U. S. Patent, 7 205 347 (2007).

G. Lifante, Integrated Photonics: Fundamentals (Wiley, 2003) pp. 110-116.

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