Abstract

A transparent reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer (ROADM) based on arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWGs) and tunable fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) is presented in this paper. The Bragg wavelength of the FBG could be tuned within the free spectral range of the AWG to implement reconfigurable add–drop function without interfering the other wavelength channels. An experiment was demonstrated to verify the add–drop function and to evaluate the performance of the proposed ROADM. Proposed novel ROADM is flexible and scalable for the dense wavelength division multiplexing network.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. E. Mannie, "Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture," IETF RFC 3945 (2004).
  2. R. Munoz, R. V. M. Rivera, J. Sorribes, G. J. Giralt, "Experimental GMPLS-based provisioning for future all-optical DPRing-based MAN," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3034-3045 (2005).
  3. J. S. Cho, Y. K. Seo, H. Yoo, P. K. J. Park, J. K. Rhee, Y. H. Won, M. H. Kang, "Optical burst add–drop multiplexing technique for sub-wavelength granularity in wavelength multiplexed ring networks," Opt. Exp. 15, 13256-13265 (2007).
  4. C. M. Tsai, Y. L. Lo, "Fiber-grating add–drop reconfigurable multiplexer with multi-channel using in bidirectional optical network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 260-266 (2007).
  5. Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Nozawa, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with loop-back optical paths and its applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 977-984 (1996).
  6. K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).
  7. M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, T. Tsuda, "Optical MEMS for photonic switching—Compact and stable optical crossconnect switches for simple, fast, and flexible wavelength applications in recent photonic networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 383-394 (2005).
  8. C. H. Huang, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, "Dynamically reconfigurable optical packet switch (DROPS)," Opt. Exp. 14, 12008-12014 (2006).
  9. H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kunii, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising tunable gratings," Electron. Lett. 33, 881-882 (1997).
  10. H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, I. Asabayashi, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and switches," Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).
  11. A. V. Tran, W. D. Zhong, R. S. Tucker, K. Song, "Reconfigurable multichannel optical add–drop multiplexers incorporating eight-port optical circulators and fibre Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1100-1102 (2001).
  12. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Wavelength-routing capability of reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers in dynamic optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4296-4303 (2006).
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997) pp. 319-323.
  14. C. M. Tsai, J. F. Huang, "Reduction of leakage effect with circulator-free fiber-gratings codec array in OCDMA network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 445-450 (2009).

2009 (1)

C. M. Tsai, J. F. Huang, "Reduction of leakage effect with circulator-free fiber-gratings codec array in OCDMA network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 445-450 (2009).

2007 (2)

J. S. Cho, Y. K. Seo, H. Yoo, P. K. J. Park, J. K. Rhee, Y. H. Won, M. H. Kang, "Optical burst add–drop multiplexing technique for sub-wavelength granularity in wavelength multiplexed ring networks," Opt. Exp. 15, 13256-13265 (2007).

C. M. Tsai, Y. L. Lo, "Fiber-grating add–drop reconfigurable multiplexer with multi-channel using in bidirectional optical network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 260-266 (2007).

2006 (2)

C. H. Huang, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, "Dynamically reconfigurable optical packet switch (DROPS)," Opt. Exp. 14, 12008-12014 (2006).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Wavelength-routing capability of reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers in dynamic optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4296-4303 (2006).

2005 (2)

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, T. Tsuda, "Optical MEMS for photonic switching—Compact and stable optical crossconnect switches for simple, fast, and flexible wavelength applications in recent photonic networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 383-394 (2005).

R. Munoz, R. V. M. Rivera, J. Sorribes, G. J. Giralt, "Experimental GMPLS-based provisioning for future all-optical DPRing-based MAN," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3034-3045 (2005).

2001 (1)

A. V. Tran, W. D. Zhong, R. S. Tucker, K. Song, "Reconfigurable multichannel optical add–drop multiplexers incorporating eight-port optical circulators and fibre Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1100-1102 (2001).

1998 (1)

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).

1997 (2)

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kunii, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising tunable gratings," Electron. Lett. 33, 881-882 (1997).

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, I. Asabayashi, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and switches," Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).

1996 (1)

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Nozawa, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with loop-back optical paths and its applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 977-984 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kunii, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising tunable gratings," Electron. Lett. 33, 881-882 (1997).

H. Okayama, Y. Ozeki, T. Kamijoh, C. Q. Xu, I. Asabayashi, "Dynamic wavelength selective add/drop node comprising fiber gratings and switches," Electron. Lett. 33, 403-404 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, T. Tsuda, "Optical MEMS for photonic switching—Compact and stable optical crossconnect switches for simple, fast, and flexible wavelength applications in recent photonic networks," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 383-394 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. V. Tran, W. D. Zhong, R. S. Tucker, K. Song, "Reconfigurable multichannel optical add–drop multiplexers incorporating eight-port optical circulators and fibre Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1100-1102 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. Munoz, R. V. M. Rivera, J. Sorribes, G. J. Giralt, "Experimental GMPLS-based provisioning for future all-optical DPRing-based MAN," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3034-3045 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Nozawa, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with loop-back optical paths and its applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 977-984 (1996).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Wavelength-routing capability of reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers in dynamic optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4296-4303 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (2)

J. S. Cho, Y. K. Seo, H. Yoo, P. K. J. Park, J. K. Rhee, Y. H. Won, M. H. Kang, "Optical burst add–drop multiplexing technique for sub-wavelength granularity in wavelength multiplexed ring networks," Opt. Exp. 15, 13256-13265 (2007).

C. H. Huang, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, "Dynamically reconfigurable optical packet switch (DROPS)," Opt. Exp. 14, 12008-12014 (2006).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

C. M. Tsai, J. F. Huang, "Reduction of leakage effect with circulator-free fiber-gratings codec array in OCDMA network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 445-450 (2009).

C. M. Tsai, Y. L. Lo, "Fiber-grating add–drop reconfigurable multiplexer with multi-channel using in bidirectional optical network," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 260-266 (2007).

Other (2)

E. Mannie, "Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture," IETF RFC 3945 (2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997) pp. 319-323.

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