Abstract

We studied the use of multiple Raman pumps to assist fiber optical parametric amplifiers (FOPAs). We derived a theoretical model to describe the performance of multiple Raman pump assisted FOPAs. We demonstrated that the over 40 nm flat gain bandwidth provided by the multiple Raman pumps can be used to support the parametric gain bandwidth of Raman-assisted FOPAs (RA-FOPAs). We also found that if indirect Raman gain contribution dominates, by using dispersion-flattened highly nonlinear fiber with small dispersion slope and polarization-mode dispersion effect, broadband FOPA with broad parametric pump wavelength tuning range can be obtained by using multiple Raman pump assistance. On the other hand, if direct Raman gain contribution dominates, the parameters of the multiple Raman pumps have to be chosen carefully to ensure that the Raman gain bandwidth matches the parametric gain bandwidth in order to achieve a flat gain with broad gain bandwidth in the RA-FOPAs.

© 2011 IEEE

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2011 (1)

S. H. Wang, L. Xu, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, "Optimization of Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifiers gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1172-1181 (2011).

2010 (1)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

2009 (1)

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, S. Radic, "155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 612-614 (2009).

2008 (2)

K. Lau, S. H. Wang, L. Xu, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, "All-optical multicast switch employing Raman-assisted FWM in dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1730-1732 (2008).

X. Jiang, C. Jiang, X. Zhang, "Design of Raman-parametric fiber amplifier for wavelength division multiplex transmission system," Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 327-330 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 650-652 (2007).

2006 (1)

D. Mazzarese, "AllWave FLEX ZWP fiber white paper," OFS Technical Resource (2006) Avalible: http://www.ofsoptics.com/resources/AllWave FLEXFiberWP-web.pdf.

2005 (3)

J. F. L. Freitas, N. B. Costa e Silva, S. R. Lüthi, A. S. L. Gomes, "Raman enhanced parametric amplifier based S-C band wavelength converter: Experiment and simulations," Opt. Commun. 255, 314-318 (2005).

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 624-626 (2005).

J. Hu, B. S. Marks, Q. Zhang, C. R. Menyuk, "Modeling backward-pumped Raman amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. 22, 2083-2090 (2005).

2004 (3)

J. C. Bouteiller, L. Leng, C. Headley, "Pump-pump four-wave mixing in distributed Raman amplified systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 723-732 (2004).

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).

Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, "Effects of polarization-mode dispersion on fiber based parametric amplification and wavelength conversion," Opt. Lett. 29, 1114-1116 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

Hollenbeck, C. D. Cantrell, "Multiple-vibrational-mode model for fiber opticRaman gain spectrum and response function," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. 19, 2886-2892 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, "Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in highly nonlinear fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 1901-1904 (2002).

2000 (1)

B. Min, W. J. Lee, N. Park, "Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equations with average power analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486-1488 (2000).

1999 (2)

R. C. Alferness, P. A. Bonenfant, C. J. Newton, K. A. Sparks, E. L. Varma, "A practical vision for optical transport networking," Bell Labs Tech. J. 3-18 (1999).

H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interactions in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 530-532 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

1988 (1)

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Effect of axial inhomogeneity on solitons near the zero dispersion point," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 373-381 (1988).

1973 (1)

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," App. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," App. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973).

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

R. C. Alferness, P. A. Bonenfant, C. J. Newton, K. A. Sparks, E. L. Varma, "A practical vision for optical transport networking," Bell Labs Tech. J. 3-18 (1999).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Effect of axial inhomogeneity on solitons near the zero dispersion point," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 373-381 (1988).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002).

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

T. Torounidis, P. Andrekson, "Broadband single-pumped fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 650-652 (2007).

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, S. Radic, "155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 612-614 (2009).

H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interactions in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 530-532 (1999).

B. Min, W. J. Lee, N. Park, "Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equations with average power analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486-1488 (2000).

K. Lau, S. H. Wang, L. Xu, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, "All-optical multicast switch employing Raman-assisted FWM in dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1730-1732 (2008).

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive widely tunable wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 624-626 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. C. Bouteiller, L. Leng, C. Headley, "Pump-pump four-wave mixing in distributed Raman amplified systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 723-732 (2004).

S. H. Wang, L. Xu, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, "Optimization of Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifiers gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1172-1181 (2011).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

D. A. Chestnut, C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, "Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in highly nonlinear fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 1901-1904 (2002).

M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. (2)

Hollenbeck, C. D. Cantrell, "Multiple-vibrational-mode model for fiber opticRaman gain spectrum and response function," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. 19, 2886-2892 (2002).

J. Hu, B. S. Marks, Q. Zhang, C. R. Menyuk, "Modeling backward-pumped Raman amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. 22, 2083-2090 (2005).

Nature Photon. (1)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

OFS Technical Resource (1)

D. Mazzarese, "AllWave FLEX ZWP fiber white paper," OFS Technical Resource (2006) Avalible: http://www.ofsoptics.com/resources/AllWave FLEXFiberWP-web.pdf.

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. F. L. Freitas, N. B. Costa e Silva, S. R. Lüthi, A. S. L. Gomes, "Raman enhanced parametric amplifier based S-C band wavelength converter: Experiment and simulations," Opt. Commun. 255, 314-318 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

M. Takahashi, K. Mukasa, T. Yagi, "Full C-L band tunable wavelength conversion by zero dispersion and zero dispersion slope HNLF," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. ViennaAustria (2009) Paper P1.08.

M. N. Islam, Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 1: Physical Principles (Springer, 2004).

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, P. K. Andrekson, D. Syvridis, "Measurement of sub-1 dB noise figure in a non-degenrated cascaded phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier," presented at the 35th Eur. Conf. Exhib. Opt. Commun. ViennaAustria (2009) Paper 1.1.2.

S. H. Wang, L. Xu, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, "All-optical wavelength conversion using multi-pump Raman-assisted four-wave mixing," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2007) Paper OWQ1.

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