Abstract

A multichannel photonic temporal differentiator implemented based on a single multichannel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) for wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) signal processing is proposed for the first time to our knowledge. The multichannel FBG is designed using the discrete layer peeling (DLP) algorithm together with the spatial sampling technique. Specifically, the DLP algorithm is used to design the spectral response of an individual channel, while the spatial sampling is employed to generate a multichannel response. The key feature of the proposed temporal differentiator is that WDM signals at multiple optical wavelengths can be simultaneously processed. Two sampling techniques, the phase-only and the amplitude-only, are employed. The use of the phase-only sampling technique to design a 45-channel first-order and second-order temporal differentiator is performed, and the use of the amplitude sampling technique to design a 3-channel first-order and second-order temporal differentiator is also performed. A proof-of-concept experiment is then carried out. A 3-channel first-order differentiator with a bandwidth of 33.75 GHz and a channel spacing of 100 GHz is fabricated. The use of the fabricated 3-channel FBG to perform first-order temporal differentiation of a 13.2-GHz Gaussian-like optical pulse with different optical carrier wavelength is demonstrated.

© 2011 IEEE

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2011 (1)

M. Li, L. Shao, J. Albert, J. P. Yao, "Continuously tunable photonic fractional temporal differentiator based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 251-253 (2011).

2010 (4)

Y. Park, M. Scaffardi, L. Potì, J. Azaña, "Simultaneous single-shot real-time measurement of the instantaneous frequency and phase profiles of wavelength-division-multiplexed signals," Opt. Exp. 18, 6220-6229 (2010).

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Experimental demonstration of a wideband photonic temporal Hilbert transformer based on a single fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1529-1561 (2010).

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber temporal photonic fractional Hilbert transformer based on a directly designed fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 35, 223-225 (2010).

M. H. Asghari, C. Wang, J. P. Yao, J. Azana, "High-order passive photonic temporal integrators," Opt. Lett. 35, 1191-1193 (2010).

2009 (2)

M. H. Asghari, J. Azaña, "All-optical Hilbert transformer based on a single phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating: Design and analysis," Opt. Lett. 34, 334-336 (2009).

M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, V. Pruneri, "Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: Design and experimental demonstration," Opt. Exp. 17, 19798-19807 (2009).

2008 (3)

M. Li, H. Li, "Reflection equalization of the simultaneous dispersion and dispersion-slope compensator based on a phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 16, 9821-9828 (2008).

F. Liu, T. Wang, L. Qiang, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Compact optical temporal differentiator based on silicon microring resonator," Opt. Exp. 16, 15880-15886 (2008).

R. Slavík, Y. Park, N. Ayotte, S. Doucet, T. Ahn, S. LaRochelle, J. Azaña, "Photonic temporal integrator for all-optical computing," Opt. Exp. 16, 18202-18214 (2008).

2007 (5)

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. V. Plant, J. Azaña, "Temporal differentiation of optical signals using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 15, 371-381 (2007).

L.-M. Rivas, K. Singh, A. Carballar, J. Azaña, "Arbitrary-order ultra-broadband all-optical differentiators based on fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1209-1211 (2007).

H. Li, M. Li, Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, "Advances in the design and fabrication of high-channel-count fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2739-2750 (2007).

J. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Dong, D. Liu, D. Huang, "High speed all optical differentiator based on semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filter," Opt. Lett. 32, 1872-1874 (2007).

F. Li, Y. Park, J. Azaña, "Complete temporal pulse characterization based on phase reconstruction using optical ultrafast differentiation (PROUD)," Opt. Lett. 32, 3364-3366 (2007).

2006 (2)

Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Slavík, J. Azaña, "Picosecond and subpicosecond flat-top pulse generation using uniform long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Exp. 14, 12670-12678 (2006).

R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, "Ultrafast all-optical differentiators," Opt. Exp. 14, 10699-10707 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

N. Q. Ngo, S. F. Yu, S. C. Tjin, C. H. Kam, "A new theoretical basis of higher-order optical differentiators," Opt. Commun. 230, 115-129 (2004).

2003 (1)

L. Venema, "Photonics technologies," Nature Insight 424, 809 (2003).

2002 (1)

K. Deb, A. Pratap, S. Agarwal, T. Meyarivan, "A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II," IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 6, 182-197 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg grating by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

1998 (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

1995 (1)

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, S. Barcelos, "Moving fibre/phase mask-scanning beam technique for enhanced flexibility in producing fibre gratings with uniform phase mask," Electron. Lett. 31, 1488-1489 (1995).

1983 (1)

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671-680 (1983).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. N. Zervas, S. Barcelos, "Moving fibre/phase mask-scanning beam technique for enhanced flexibility in producing fibre gratings with uniform phase mask," Electron. Lett. 31, 1488-1489 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogan, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg grating by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

M. Li, L. Shao, J. Albert, J. P. Yao, "Continuously tunable photonic fractional temporal differentiator based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 251-253 (2011).

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Experimental demonstration of a wideband photonic temporal Hilbert transformer based on a single fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1529-1561 (2010).

L.-M. Rivas, K. Singh, A. Carballar, J. Azaña, "Arbitrary-order ultra-broadband all-optical differentiators based on fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1209-1211 (2007).

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. (1)

K. Deb, A. Pratap, S. Agarwal, T. Meyarivan, "A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II," IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. 6, 182-197 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Li, M. Li, Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, "Advances in the design and fabrication of high-channel-count fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2739-2750 (2007).

Nature Insight (1)

L. Venema, "Photonics technologies," Nature Insight 424, 809 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Q. Ngo, S. F. Yu, S. C. Tjin, C. H. Kam, "A new theoretical basis of higher-order optical differentiators," Opt. Commun. 230, 115-129 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (8)

M. Li, D. Janner, J. P. Yao, V. Pruneri, "Arbitrary-order all-fiber temporal differentiator based on a fiber Bragg grating: Design and experimental demonstration," Opt. Exp. 17, 19798-19807 (2009).

R. Slavík, Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, "Ultrafast all-optical differentiators," Opt. Exp. 14, 10699-10707 (2006).

F. Liu, T. Wang, L. Qiang, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Compact optical temporal differentiator based on silicon microring resonator," Opt. Exp. 16, 15880-15886 (2008).

R. Slavík, Y. Park, N. Ayotte, S. Doucet, T. Ahn, S. LaRochelle, J. Azaña, "Photonic temporal integrator for all-optical computing," Opt. Exp. 16, 18202-18214 (2008).

Y. Park, M. Kulishov, R. Slavík, J. Azaña, "Picosecond and subpicosecond flat-top pulse generation using uniform long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Exp. 14, 12670-12678 (2006).

M. Li, H. Li, "Reflection equalization of the simultaneous dispersion and dispersion-slope compensator based on a phase-only sampled fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 16, 9821-9828 (2008).

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. V. Plant, J. Azaña, "Temporal differentiation of optical signals using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 15, 371-381 (2007).

Y. Park, M. Scaffardi, L. Potì, J. Azaña, "Simultaneous single-shot real-time measurement of the instantaneous frequency and phase profiles of wavelength-division-multiplexed signals," Opt. Exp. 18, 6220-6229 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Science (1)

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671-680 (1983).

Other (1)

M. Li, J. P. Yao, "Multichannel photonic temporal differentiator for wavelength-division-multiplexed signal processing using a single fiber Bragg grating," 2010 International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP 2010) MontrealCanada (2010).

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