Abstract

An optical format conversion scheme of multilevel phase-shift keying (M-ary PSK) signals using the four-wave mixing based optical phase erasure is discussed in this paper. The conversion from differential quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK) to differential phase shift keying at 10 and 160 Gbaud, and the conversion from differential eight-ary phase-shift keying to DQPSK at 40 Gbaud have been experimentally demonstrated. The proposed scheme could be used as a phase erasure, in which a redundant tributary of the M-ary PSK signal is removed, or as an “updater” where the unwanted phase pattern is replaced with the new pattern.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
  2. C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, C. S. Park, H. J. Lee, C.-S. Park, "Experimental demonstration of 10-Gb/s data format conversion between NRZ and RZ using SOA-loop-mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 834-841 (2005).
  3. L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).
  4. W. Li, M. Chen, Y. Dong, S. Xie, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to CSRZ and between RZ and CSRZ using SOA-based fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 203-205 (2004).
  5. J. Yu, G. K. Chang, J. Barry, Y. Su, "40 Gbit/s signal format conversion from NRZ to RZ using a Mach–Zehnder delay interferometer," Opt. Commun. 248, 419-422 (2005).
  6. L. Zhou, H. Chen, A. W. Poon, "NRZ-to-PRZ format conversion using silicon second-order coupled-microring resonator-based notch filters," presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt Baltimore MD (2007) paper CThP4.
  7. C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, M. Galili, B. Huettl, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "160 Gbit/s all-optical OOK to DPSK in-line format conversion," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2006).
  8. S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, "All optical ASK to DPSK format conversion using cross-phase modulation in a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (2005) pp. 1579-1580.
  9. K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 8444-8453 (2007).
  10. G. T. Zhou, K. Xu, J. Wu, C. Yan, Y. Su, J. T. Lin, "Self-pumping wavelength conversion for DPSK signals and DQPSK generation through four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2389-2391 (2006).
  11. G.-W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).
  12. C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Feng, X. Tian, X. Xu, Y. Tian, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368-2370 (2006).
  13. K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).
  14. K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).
  15. Y. Lu, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "All-optical format conversions from NRZ to BPSK and QPSK based on nonlinear responses in silicon microring resonators," Opt. Exp. 15, 14275-14282 (2007).
  16. G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase add-drop for format conversion between DQPSK and DPSK and its application in optical label switching systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 322-324 (2009).
  17. G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK," Opt. Exp. 17, 13346-13353 (2009).
  18. H. Zhao, E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, "Trellis-coded modulation in PSK and DPSK communications," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. GöteborgSweden (2006) paper We3.P.93.
  19. S. Benedetto, E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission: With Wireless Applications (Kluwer, 1999).
  20. E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Sköld, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, "Transmission of 240 Gb/s PM-RZ-D8PSK over 320 km in 10 Gb/s NRZ-OOK WDM system," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.

2009 (2)

G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase add-drop for format conversion between DQPSK and DPSK and its application in optical label switching systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 322-324 (2009).

G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK," Opt. Exp. 17, 13346-13353 (2009).

2007 (4)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

Y. Lu, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "All-optical format conversions from NRZ to BPSK and QPSK based on nonlinear responses in silicon microring resonators," Opt. Exp. 15, 14275-14282 (2007).

K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 8444-8453 (2007).

G.-W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).

2006 (4)

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Feng, X. Tian, X. Xu, Y. Tian, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368-2370 (2006).

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

G. T. Zhou, K. Xu, J. Wu, C. Yan, Y. Su, J. T. Lin, "Self-pumping wavelength conversion for DPSK signals and DQPSK generation through four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2389-2391 (2006).

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

2005 (2)

C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, C. S. Park, H. J. Lee, C.-S. Park, "Experimental demonstration of 10-Gb/s data format conversion between NRZ and RZ using SOA-loop-mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 834-841 (2005).

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, J. Barry, Y. Su, "40 Gbit/s signal format conversion from NRZ to RZ using a Mach–Zehnder delay interferometer," Opt. Commun. 248, 419-422 (2005).

2004 (1)

W. Li, M. Chen, Y. Dong, S. Xie, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to CSRZ and between RZ and CSRZ using SOA-based fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 203-205 (2004).

2003 (1)

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).

W. Li, M. Chen, Y. Dong, S. Xie, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to CSRZ and between RZ and CSRZ using SOA-based fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 203-205 (2004).

G. T. Zhou, K. Xu, J. Wu, C. Yan, Y. Su, J. T. Lin, "Self-pumping wavelength conversion for DPSK signals and DQPSK generation through four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2389-2391 (2006).

G.-W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, "All-optical RZ-DPSK WDM to RZ-DQPSK phase multiplexing using four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1699-1701 (2007).

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Feng, X. Tian, X. Xu, Y. Tian, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368-2370 (2006).

G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase add-drop for format conversion between DQPSK and DPSK and its application in optical label switching systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 322-324 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, C. S. Park, H. J. Lee, C.-S. Park, "Experimental demonstration of 10-Gb/s data format conversion between NRZ and RZ using SOA-loop-mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 834-841 (2005).

K. Mishina, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, T. Miyahara, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Motoshima, K. Kitayama, "NRZ-OOK-to-RZ-BPSK modulation-format conversion using SOA-MZI wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3751-3758 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, J. Barry, Y. Su, "40 Gbit/s signal format conversion from NRZ to RZ using a Mach–Zehnder delay interferometer," Opt. Commun. 248, 419-422 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (4)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, K. Kitayama, "All-optical modulation format conversion from NRZ-OOK to RZ-QPSK using parallel SOA-MZI OOK/BPSK converters," Opt. Exp. 15, 7774-7785 (2007).

Y. Lu, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "All-optical format conversions from NRZ to BPSK and QPSK based on nonlinear responses in silicon microring resonators," Opt. Exp. 15, 14275-14282 (2007).

K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 8444-8453 (2007).

G.-W. Lu, T. Miyazaki, "Optical phase erasure based on FWM in HNLF enabling format conversion from 320-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK to 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK," Opt. Exp. 17, 13346-13353 (2009).

Other (6)

H. Zhao, E. Agrell, M. Karlsson, "Trellis-coded modulation in PSK and DPSK communications," presented at the Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. GöteborgSweden (2006) paper We3.P.93.

S. Benedetto, E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission: With Wireless Applications (Kluwer, 1999).

E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Sköld, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, "Transmission of 240 Gb/s PM-RZ-D8PSK over 320 km in 10 Gb/s NRZ-OOK WDM system," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010) pp. 1-3.

L. Zhou, H. Chen, A. W. Poon, "NRZ-to-PRZ format conversion using silicon second-order coupled-microring resonator-based notch filters," presented at the Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt Baltimore MD (2007) paper CThP4.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, M. Galili, B. Huettl, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "160 Gbit/s all-optical OOK to DPSK in-line format conversion," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2006).

S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, "All optical ASK to DPSK format conversion using cross-phase modulation in a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (2005) pp. 1579-1580.

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