Abstract

The performance of filtered analog photonic links, useful in signal processing applications, is analyzed along with techniques for compensation of distortion. We analyze the attributes of various link configurations and compare the performance of filtered coherent-detection links with intensity-modulated-direct-detection links. Experimental results on the dynamic range and the compensation of nonlinearities using predistortion compensation are presented for a filtered coherent link. We demonstrate suppression of third-order nonlinearity by 20 dB. In addition to supporting signal processing operations such as filtering and arbitrary intermediate frequency downconversion, at the same detected power, we find filtered coherent links to have up to 9 dB noise figure advantage over unfiltered direct-detection links, dependent on the limits of the operating optical power in the link.

© 2011 IEEE

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  2. A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).
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2011 (1)

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, "Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 24-26 (2011).

2010 (2)

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, L. A. Coldren, "Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP-InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 109-111 (2010).

K.-Y. Tu, M. S. Rasras, D. M. Gill, S. S. Patel, Y.-K. Chen, A. E. White, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon RF-photonic filter and downconverter," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3019-3028 (2010).

2009 (1)

T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, T. K. Woodward, "Analytical expression for large signal transfer function of an optically filtered analog link," Opt. Exp. 17, 15449-15454 (2009).

2008 (1)

A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, J. Klamkin, H.-F. Chou, C. Sheldon, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, "Integrated coherent receivers for high-linearity microwave photonic links," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 209-216 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, "Coherent optical phase modulation link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206-1208 (2007).

2006 (3)

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, J. D. McKinney, K. J. Williams, "Phase modulation with interferometric detection as an alternative to intensity modulation with direct detection for analog-photonic links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3141-3145 (2006).

2005 (1)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, S. Sales, "Discrete-time optical processing of microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 702-723 (2005).

1996 (1)

W. K. Burns, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, R. P. Moeller, "Multi-octave operation of low-biased modulators by balanced detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 130-132 (1996).

1994 (2)

G. E. Betts, "Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 42, 2642-2649 (1994).

R. F. Kalman, J. C. Fan, L. G. Kazovsky, "Dynamic range of coherent analog fiber-optic links," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1263-1277 (1994).

1993 (1)

M. Nazarathy, J. Berger, A. J. Ley, I. M. Levi, Y. Kagan, "Progress in externally modulated AM CATV transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 82-105 (1993).

1988 (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, L. A. Coldren, "Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP-InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 109-111 (2010).

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, "Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 24-26 (2011).

T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, "Coherent optical phase modulation link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1206-1208 (2007).

W. K. Burns, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, R. P. Moeller, "Multi-octave operation of low-biased modulators by balanced detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 130-132 (1996).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (3)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

G. E. Betts, "Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 42, 2642-2649 (1994).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, J. D. McKinney, K. J. Williams, "Phase modulation with interferometric detection as an alternative to intensity modulation with direct detection for analog-photonic links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3141-3145 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, J. Klamkin, H.-F. Chou, C. Sheldon, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, "Integrated coherent receivers for high-linearity microwave photonic links," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 209-216 (2008).

M. Nazarathy, J. Berger, A. J. Ley, I. M. Levi, Y. Kagan, "Progress in externally modulated AM CATV transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 82-105 (1993).

K.-Y. Tu, M. S. Rasras, D. M. Gill, S. S. Patel, Y.-K. Chen, A. E. White, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, L. C. Kimerling, "Silicon RF-photonic filter and downconverter," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3019-3028 (2010).

R. F. Kalman, J. C. Fan, L. G. Kazovsky, "Dynamic range of coherent analog fiber-optic links," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1263-1277 (1994).

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, S. Sales, "Discrete-time optical processing of microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 702-723 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, J. Jackel, T. K. Woodward, "Analytical expression for large signal transfer function of an optically filtered analog link," Opt. Exp. 17, 15449-15454 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (9)

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, "Multiscale sampling for wide dynamic range electro-optic receivers," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper OMI3.

W. S. C. Chang, Ed., RF Photonic Technology in Optical Fiber Links (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002).

T. K. Woodward, T. C. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, "Signal processing in analog optical links," Proc. IEEE Avion., Fiber Opt., Photon. Conf. (2009) pp. 17-18.

X. B. Xie, Y. Wu, J. H. Hodiak, S. M. Lord, P. K. L. Yu, "Suppressed-carrier large-dynamic-range heterodyned microwave fiber-optic link," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (2004) pp. 245-248.

J. Zhang, T. E. Darcie, "Two-tone analysis of distortion suppression in microwave photonic links using phase modulation and fiber-Bragg grating filters," Proc. Int. Symp. Signals, Syst. Electron. (2007) pp. 621-624.

P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, T. K. Woodward, N.-N. Feng, P. Dong, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, M. Asghari, "A programmable optical filter unit cell element for high resolution RF signal processing in silicon photonics," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA Paper OWJ4.

T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, T. K. Woodward, "Compensation of cross-gain modulation in filtered multi-channel optical signal processing applications," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper OWW5.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley Interscience, 1997).

C. Cox, Analog Optical Links (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004).

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