Abstract

A new procedure to obtain single-polarization single-mode polymeric optical fibers is reported. The selective polarization confinement loss mechanism is obtained by applying external hydrostatic pressure in a specially designed side-hole microstructured polymer optical fiber. It is shown that, at λ = 588 nm, pressure around 380 bar allows inducing confinement loss as high as 35dB/m for one polarization state while the other is guided with low loss (3 x 10<sup>-3</sup> dB/m). The loss mechanism is shown to be related to coupling between the fundamental core modes and the cladding modes of the pressurized fiber. Finally, the possibility of tuning the single-polarization single-mode state with the input wavelength with fixed pressure or by introducing small changes in the inner ring of holes of the fiber cross section is presented.

© 2011 IEEE

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2010 (1)

M. K. Szczurowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, W. Urba'nczyk, D. J. Webb, "Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure, strain and temperature in birefringent dual-core microstructured polymer fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12076-12087 (2010).

2009 (1)

M. C. J. Large, D. Blacket, C.-A. Bunge, "The role of viscoelastic properties in strain testing using microstructured polymer optical fibres (mpof)," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).

2008 (1)

Y.-N. Zhang, "Design of low-loss single-polarization single-mode photonic-crystal fiber based on polymer," J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3563-3571 (2008).

2007 (3)

X. Chen, M.-J. Li, J. Koh, A. Artuso, D. A. Nolan, "Effects of bending on the performance of hole-assisted single polarization fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 10629-10636 (2007).

A. D. J. L. C. M. Delgado-Pinar,, M. V. Andrés, "High extinction ratio polarizing endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 562-564 (2007).

R. Li-Yong, W. Han-Yi, Z. Ya-Ni, Y. Bao-Li, Z. Wei, "Theoretical design of single-polarization single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibres," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 1298-1301 (2007).

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, W. Urba'nczyk, "Measurements of modal birefringence and polarimetric sensitivity of the birefringent Holey fiber to hydrostatic pressure and strain," Opt. Commun. 241, 339-348 (2004).

2003 (4)

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in Holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

1997 (1)

1986 (1)

1979 (1)

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Li-Yong, W. Han-Yi, Z. Ya-Ni, Y. Bao-Li, Z. Wei, "Theoretical design of single-polarization single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibres," Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 1298-1301 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

A. D. J. L. C. M. Delgado-Pinar,, M. V. Andrés, "High extinction ratio polarizing endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 562-564 (2007).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

Y.-N. Zhang, "Design of low-loss single-polarization single-mode photonic-crystal fiber based on polymer," J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3563-3571 (2008).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. C. J. Large, D. Blacket, C.-A. Bunge, "The role of viscoelastic properties in strain testing using microstructured polymer optical fibres (mpof)," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).

Nature (1)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, K. Furusawa, V. Finazzi, D. J. Richardson, "Understanding bending losses in Holey optical fibers," Opt. Commun. 227, 317-335 (2003).

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, W. Urba'nczyk, "Measurements of modal birefringence and polarimetric sensitivity of the birefringent Holey fiber to hydrostatic pressure and strain," Opt. Commun. 241, 339-348 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (3)

X. Chen, M.-J. Li, J. Koh, A. Artuso, D. A. Nolan, "Effects of bending on the performance of hole-assisted single polarization fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 10629-10636 (2007).

J. Olszewski, M. Szpulak, W. Urba'nczyk, "Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6015-6022 (2005).

M. K. Szczurowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, W. Urba'nczyk, D. J. Webb, "Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure, strain and temperature in birefringent dual-core microstructured polymer fiber," Opt. Exp. 18, 12076-12087 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

Other (6)

M. Large, L. Poladian, G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure," Proc. 8th Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. 5th Eur. Symp. Photon. Cryst. (2006) pp. 174-177.

G. C. Balvedi, M. A. R. Franco, "Effect of coupling between fundamental and cladding modes on bending losses in single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Proc. Amer. Inst. Phys. Conf. (2008) pp. 137-140.

D. A. Nolan, M.-J. Li, X. Chen, J. Koh, "Single polarization fibers and applications," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (Opt. Soc. Amer.) WashingtonDC (2006) no. OWA1.

Y. A. V. Espinel, M. A. R. Franco, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Pressure induced single-polarization single-mode microstructured polymer optical fiber," Latin Amer. Opt. Photon. Conf. (Opt. Soc. Amer.) WashingtonDC (2010) no. WE27.

M. J. Weber, CRC Handbook on Laser Science and Technology, Supplement 2: Opticals Materials (CRC Press, 1995).

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