Abstract

We compare the performance of several direct-detection orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) schemes to that of ON–OFF keying (OOK) in combating modal dispersion in multimode fiber links. We review known OFDM techniques, including dc-clipped OFDM (DC-OFDM), asymmetrically clipped optical OFDM (ACO-OFDM) and pulse-amplitude modulated discrete multitone (PAM-DMT). We describe an iterative procedure to achieve optimal power allocation for DC-OFDM and compare analytically the performance of ACO-OFDM and PAM-DMT. We also consider unipolar <i>M</i>-ary pulse-amplitude modulation (<i>M</i>-PAM) with minimum mean-square error decision-feedback equalization (MMSE-DFE). For each technique, we quantify the optical power required to transmit at a given bit rate in a variety of multimode fibers. For a given symbol rate, we find that unipolar <i>M</i>-PAM with MMSE-DFE has a better power performance than all OFDM formats. Furthermore, we observe that the difference in performance between <i>M</i>-PAM and OFDM increases as the spectral efficiency increases. We also find that at a spectral efficiency of 1 bit/s/Hz, OOK performs better than ACO-OFDM using a symbol rate twice that of OOK. At higher spectral efficiencies, <i>M</i>-PAM performs only slightly better than ACO-OFDM using twice the symbol rate, but requires less electrical bandwidth and can employ analog-to-digital converters at a speed only 81% of that required for ACO-OFDM.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription