Abstract

A novel broadcast/multicast-capable carrier-reuse WDM-PON architecture is proposed. Utilizing the splitting capability of a power splitter and the cyclic property of an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) at the remote node, the broadcast channel and a dedicated downlink unicast channel can be overlaid and subsequently transmitted to each optical network unit (ONU) simultaneously. Since each ONU can receive a common broadcast channel with electronically coded information, the multicast function can be implemented in a higher layer, similar to the current multicast-capable E-PON or G-PON using IP multicast addresses through a single wavelength channel. Thus, there is no need for reconfiguration of physical connections for multicast services. The proposed approach is different from the approach of overlaying DPSK multicast data onto NRZ unicast data using the same wavelength. As such, this approach does not require an expensive DPSK receiver at each ONU, and high receiver sensitivity can be achieved since there is no need to restrict the extinction ratio (ER) of the NRZ unicast data to a small value. Simulation studies show that this WDM-PON provides acceptable performance with one 10 Gb/s broadcast channel and thirty-two 10 Gb/s downlink unicast channels, and thirty-two 2.5 Gb/s uplink unicast channels. Another advantage of this WDM-PON is that the broadcast channel only causes a small interference with the downlink/uplink unicast channels, and it is shared by all the ONUs. The effect of the optical carrier to subcarrier ratio on the bit error rate performance can be mitigated by increasing the extinction ratio of the delay interferometer used at the remote node.

© 2011 IEEE

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2010 (2)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "A UWB over fiber system compatible with WDM-PON architecture," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1500-1502 (2010).

J. Choi, M. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "Efficient video-on-demand streaming for broadband access networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 38-50 (2010).

2009 (3)

M. Maier, "WDM passive optical networks and beyond: The road ahead," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C1-C16 (2009).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-76 (2009).

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

2008 (5)

N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. Lin, "A WDM passive optical network with centralized light sources and multicast overlay," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 114-116 (2008).

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, "A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1479-1481 (2008).

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

J. She, P.-H. Ho, "Cooperative coded video multicast for IPTV services under EPON-WiMAX integration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 104-110 (2008).

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

2007 (3)

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-839 (2007).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, "WDM-PON architectures with a single shared interferometric filter for carrier-reuse upstream transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3669-3677 (2007).

L. G. Kazovsky, W. T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, S. W. Wong, "Next-generation optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3428-3442 (2007).

2006 (4)

T. Y. Kim, S. K. Han, "Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2350-2 (2006).

J. M. Kang, S. K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-4 (2006).

M. Attygalle, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, A. Nirmalathas, "WDM passive optical network with subcarrier transmission and baseband detection scheme for laser-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1279-1281 (2006).

C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

2005 (2)

C. Bock, J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Exp. 13, 2887-2891 (2005).

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1992-1994 (2005).

2004 (2)

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

M. Nakamura, H. Ueda, S. Makino, T. A. Y. T. Yokotani, K. A. O. K. Oshima, "Proposal of networking by PON technologies for full and ethernet services in FTTx," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2631-2640 (2004).

2003 (1)

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. K. Kim, Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of data and digital broadcast video service," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1723-1727 (2003).

1998 (1)

W. D. Zhong, R. S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1737-1745 (1998).

1993 (1)

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, "Degradations due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in multigigabit intensity-modulated fiber-optic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1721-1728 (1993).

1978 (1)

R. Stolen, C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. She, P.-H. Ho, "Cooperative coded video multicast for IPTV services under EPON-WiMAX integration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 104-110 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1992-1994 (2005).

N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. Lin, "A WDM passive optical network with centralized light sources and multicast overlay," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 114-116 (2008).

Y. Zhang, N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, "A multicast WDM-PON architecture using DPSK/NRZ orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1479-1481 (2008).

T. Y. Kim, S. K. Han, "Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2350-2 (2006).

J. M. Kang, S. K. Han, "A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502-4 (2006).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-839 (2007).

M. Attygalle, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, A. Nirmalathas, "WDM passive optical network with subcarrier transmission and baseband detection scheme for laser-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1279-1281 (2006).

S. Pan, J. Yao, "A UWB over fiber system compatible with WDM-PON architecture," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1500-1502 (2010).

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Bulow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Electronic dispersion compensation," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 158-167 (2008).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, "Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, C35-C50 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (9)

L. G. Kazovsky, W. T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, S. W. Wong, "Next-generation optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3428-3442 (2007).

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

W. D. Zhong, R. S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1737-1745 (1998).

D. A. Fishman, J. A. Nagel, "Degradations due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in multigigabit intensity-modulated fiber-optic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1721-1728 (1993).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, T. H. Cheng, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. K. Yeo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Characteristics of subcarrier modulation and its application in WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2069-76 (2009).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, "WDM-PON architectures with a single shared interferometric filter for carrier-reuse upstream transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3669-3677 (2007).

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. K. Kim, Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of data and digital broadcast video service," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1723-1727 (2003).

C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

M. Nakamura, H. Ueda, S. Makino, T. A. Y. T. Yokotani, K. A. O. K. Oshima, "Proposal of networking by PON technologies for full and ethernet services in FTTx," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2631-2640 (2004).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Opt. Exp. (1)

C. Bock, J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Exp. 13, 2887-2891 (2005).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Stolen, C. Lin, "Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).

Other (8)

Oclaro 10 Gb/s APD Receiver module AT10XGC http://www.oclaro.com/datasheets/AT10XGC%20Datasheet%20-%20D00010-PB%20[05].pdf.

Oclaro 2.5 Gb/s APD Receiver module AT3SGCC http://www.avanex.com/datasheets/AT3SGCC%20Datasheet%20-%20D00009-PB%20%5B05%5D.pdf.

CIP Technologies RSOA http://www.ciphotonics.com/download/datasheet/soa/SOA-R-C-TO_A.pdf.

G. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley-Interscience, 2005).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi, C. H. Lee, "Overlay of broadcasting signal in a WDM-PON," Proc. OFC'06 (2006) pp. 1-3.

OptiSystem 7.0 http://www.optiwave.com/site/products/system.html.

K. E. Han, W. H. Yang, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, "Design of AWG-based WDM-PON architecture with multicast capability," Proc. INFOCOM'08 (2008) pp. 390-395.

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