Abstract

This paper presents the results from the first monolithically integrated photonic heterodyne system that allows the two optical sources to be mutually phase locked by locking to an external optical reference. High-spectral-purity signals of up to 50 GHz have been demonstrated from this first fabricated device, where the tuning range was limited by losses in the input waveguide. Successful phase locking was accomplished through short signal propagation delay of less than 2 ns achieved by monolithic integration and custom-made fast loop electronics. The approach can be extended to generate signals at >1 THz.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. A. Hülsmann, A. Leuther, I. Kallfass, R. Weber, A. Tessmann, M. Schlechtweg, O. Ambacher, "Advanced mHEMT technologies for space applications," Proc. 20th Int. Symp. Space Terahertz Technology (2009) pp. 178-182.
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  15. R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Fast heterodyne optical phase-lock loop using double quantum well laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 28, 82-83 (1992).

2011 (1)

R. J. Steed, L. Ponnampalam, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, D. C. Rogers, D. G. Moodie, G. D. Maxwell, I. F. Lealman, M. J. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, A. J. Seeds, "Hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loops for photonic terahertz sources," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 210-217 (2011).

2010 (1)

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

2008 (1)

L. Naglic, L. Pavlovic, B. Bategelj, M. Vidmar, "Improved phase detector for electro-optical phase-locked loops," Electron. Lett. 44, (2008).

2006 (1)

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

S. Matsuura, G. A. Blake, R. A. Wyss, J. C. Pearson, C. Kadow, A. W. Jackson, A. C. Gossard, "A travelling-wave THz photomixer based in angle-tuned phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2872-2874 (1999).

1997 (1)

B. Xu, Q. Hu, M. R. Melloch, "Electrically pumped tunable terahertz emitter based on intersubband transition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 440-442 (1997).

1996 (1)

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, "Coherent tumble THz-wave generation from LiNbO3 with monolithic grating coupler," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2483-2485 (1996).

1995 (1)

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, C. L. Dennis, "Photomixing up to 3.8 THz in low temperature-grown GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285-287 (1995).

1992 (1)

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Fast heterodyne optical phase-lock loop using double quantum well laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 28, 82-83 (1992).

1990 (1)

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design," Electron. Lett. 26, 389-391 (1990).

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-$\mu$m distributed feedback lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. R. Brown, K. A. McIntosh, K. B. Nichols, C. L. Dennis, "Photomixing up to 3.8 THz in low temperature-grown GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 285-287 (1995).

S. Matsuura, G. A. Blake, R. A. Wyss, J. C. Pearson, C. Kadow, A. W. Jackson, A. C. Gossard, "A travelling-wave THz photomixer based in angle-tuned phase matching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2872-2874 (1999).

B. Xu, Q. Hu, M. R. Melloch, "Electrically pumped tunable terahertz emitter based on intersubband transition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 440-442 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (3)

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design," Electron. Lett. 26, 389-391 (1990).

L. Naglic, L. Pavlovic, B. Bategelj, M. Vidmar, "Improved phase detector for electro-optical phase-locked loops," Electron. Lett. 44, (2008).

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Fast heterodyne optical phase-lock loop using double quantum well laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 28, 82-83 (1992).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. J. Steed, L. Ponnampalam, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, D. C. Rogers, D. G. Moodie, G. D. Maxwell, I. F. Lealman, M. J. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, A. J. Seeds, "Hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loops for photonic terahertz sources," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 210-217 (2011).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, "Coherent tumble THz-wave generation from LiNbO3 with monolithic grating coupler," J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2483-2485 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

A. J. Seeds, K. J. Williams, "Microwave photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4628-4641 (2006).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-$\mu$m distributed feedback lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 1655-1661 (1986).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

L. Ponnampalam, R. J. Steed, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, D. C. Rogers, D. G. Moodie, G. D. Maxwell, I. F. Lealman, M. J. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, A. J. Seeds, "A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2010).

A. Hülsmann, A. Leuther, I. Kallfass, R. Weber, A. Tessmann, M. Schlechtweg, O. Ambacher, "Advanced mHEMT technologies for space applications," Proc. 20th Int. Symp. Space Terahertz Technology (2009) pp. 178-182.

T. Noguchi, A. Ueda, H. Iwashita, S. Takano, T. Ishibashi, H. Ito, T. Nagatsuma, "Millimeter wave generation using a uni-traveling carrier photodiode," 12th Int. Space Terahertz Technol. Symp. San DiegoCA (2001) Paper 3.2.

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