Abstract

A burst-mode APD-ROSA using a reset signal with a very short response time to a burst-mode optical input signal (λ = ~1300 nm, modulation formats of on-off-keying) for a 10G-EPON and GE-PON dual-rate system was developed. We analytically investigated the relationship between the response time and the multiplication characteristics of an APD to reduce the response time. From the calculation results, we determined a suitable resistance for a bias circuit that enabled us to obtain three key characteristics of burst-mode receiver performance, namely high sensitivity, wide dynamic range and short response time. We fabricated an APD-ROSA based on the calculation results, and demonstrated burst-mode receiver operation with a fast response of about 80 ns but without degrading the sensitivity or distorting the waveform.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. S. Takahashi, K. Shiba, E. Mizuki, K. Makita, A. Tajima, "Over 25-dB dynamic range 10-/1-Gbps optical burst-mode receiver using high-power-tolerant APD," Proc. 2009 Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2009) (2009) pp. 1-3.
  2. K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, M. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "1.25/10.3 Gbit/s dual-rate burst-mode receiver," Electron. Lett. 44, 869-870 (2008).
  3. J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, M. Nogami, "First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver," Proc. 2010 Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC 2010) (2010).
  4. M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kato, "A 10 G burst-mode PIN-TIA module with 10-nsec response for PON systems," Proc. MH2, 20th Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS'07) (2007) pp. 67-68.
  5. S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON system with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).
  6. T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "Burst-mode APD-ROSA using reset signal for 1 G/10 G-dual-rate OLT optical transceiver," Proc. 14th Optoelectron. Commun. Conf. (OECC) IEEE (2009).
  7. S. Yamashita, S. Ide, K. Mori, A. Hayakawa, N. Ueno, K. Tanaka, "Novel cell-AGC technique for burst-mode CMOS preamplifier with wide dynamic range and high sensitivity for ATM-PON system," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 881-886 (2002).
  8. T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukuda, N. Yoshimoto, M. Nakamura, K. Kato, K. Nishimura, Y. Ohtomo, M. Tsubokawa, "High sensitivity APD burst-mode receiver for 10 Gbit/s TDM-PON system," IEICE Electronics Exp. 4, 588-592 (2007).
  9. X. Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, J. Vandewege, "Evolution of burst mode receivers," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'09) (2009).
  10. P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).
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  14. R. G. Smith, S. D. Personick, Semiconductor Devices for Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, 1982) pp. 89-160.
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 133-182.
  16. H. Melchior, M. B. Fisher, F. R. Marams, "Photodetectors for optical communication systems," Proc. IEEE 58, 1466-1486 (1970).
  17. Y. Hirota, Y. Muramoto, T. Takeshita, T. Ito, H. Ito, S. Ando, T. Ishibashi, "Reliable non-Zn-diffused InP/InGaAs avalanche photodiode with buried n-InP layer operated by electron injection mode," Electron. Lett. 40, 1378-1379 (2004).
  18. S. Nishihara, M. Nakamura, T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "A SiGe BiCMOS burst-mode transimpedance amplifier using fast and accurate automatic offset compensation technique for 1 G/10 G dual-rate transceiver," Proc. 2009 Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM 2009) (2009) pp. 158-161.
  19. T. Nagahori, "Proposal on dual-rate burst-mode receiver timing," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2008).
  20. H. Ben-Amram, "Timing considerations for 10GEPON burst receiver," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2007).
  21. J. Conradi, "A simplified non-Gaussian approach to digital optical receiver design with avalanche photodiodes: Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1019-1026 (1991).
  22. Y. Kang, H. Liu, M. Morse, M. J. Paniccia, M. Zadka, S. Litski, G. Sarid, A. Pauchard, Y. Kuo, H. Chen, W. S. Zaoui, J. E. Bowers, A. Beling, D. C. McIntosh, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, "Monolithic germanium/silicon avalanche photodiodes with 340 GHz gain—bandwidth product," Nat. Photon. 3, 59-63 (2008).

2008 (3)

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, M. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "1.25/10.3 Gbit/s dual-rate burst-mode receiver," Electron. Lett. 44, 869-870 (2008).

S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON system with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).

Y. Kang, H. Liu, M. Morse, M. J. Paniccia, M. Zadka, S. Litski, G. Sarid, A. Pauchard, Y. Kuo, H. Chen, W. S. Zaoui, J. E. Bowers, A. Beling, D. C. McIntosh, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, "Monolithic germanium/silicon avalanche photodiodes with 340 GHz gain—bandwidth product," Nat. Photon. 3, 59-63 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukuda, N. Yoshimoto, M. Nakamura, K. Kato, K. Nishimura, Y. Ohtomo, M. Tsubokawa, "High sensitivity APD burst-mode receiver for 10 Gbit/s TDM-PON system," IEICE Electronics Exp. 4, 588-592 (2007).

2005 (1)

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

2004 (1)

Y. Hirota, Y. Muramoto, T. Takeshita, T. Ito, H. Ito, S. Ando, T. Ishibashi, "Reliable non-Zn-diffused InP/InGaAs avalanche photodiode with buried n-InP layer operated by electron injection mode," Electron. Lett. 40, 1378-1379 (2004).

2002 (1)

S. Yamashita, S. Ide, K. Mori, A. Hayakawa, N. Ueno, K. Tanaka, "Novel cell-AGC technique for burst-mode CMOS preamplifier with wide dynamic range and high sensitivity for ATM-PON system," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 881-886 (2002).

1991 (1)

J. Conradi, "A simplified non-Gaussian approach to digital optical receiver design with avalanche photodiodes: Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1019-1026 (1991).

1970 (1)

H. Melchior, M. B. Fisher, F. R. Marams, "Photodetectors for optical communication systems," Proc. IEEE 58, 1466-1486 (1970).

1955 (1)

S. L. Miller, "Avalanche breakdown in germanium," Phys. Rev. 99, 1234-1241 (1955).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, M. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "1.25/10.3 Gbit/s dual-rate burst-mode receiver," Electron. Lett. 44, 869-870 (2008).

Y. Hirota, Y. Muramoto, T. Takeshita, T. Ito, H. Ito, S. Ando, T. Ishibashi, "Reliable non-Zn-diffused InP/InGaAs avalanche photodiode with buried n-InP layer operated by electron injection mode," Electron. Lett. 40, 1378-1379 (2004).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON system with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (2)

S. Yamashita, S. Ide, K. Mori, A. Hayakawa, N. Ueno, K. Tanaka, "Novel cell-AGC technique for burst-mode CMOS preamplifier with wide dynamic range and high sensitivity for ATM-PON system," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 881-886 (2002).

P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).

IEICE Electronics Exp. (1)

T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukuda, N. Yoshimoto, M. Nakamura, K. Kato, K. Nishimura, Y. Ohtomo, M. Tsubokawa, "High sensitivity APD burst-mode receiver for 10 Gbit/s TDM-PON system," IEICE Electronics Exp. 4, 588-592 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Conradi, "A simplified non-Gaussian approach to digital optical receiver design with avalanche photodiodes: Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1019-1026 (1991).

Nat. Photon. (1)

Y. Kang, H. Liu, M. Morse, M. J. Paniccia, M. Zadka, S. Litski, G. Sarid, A. Pauchard, Y. Kuo, H. Chen, W. S. Zaoui, J. E. Bowers, A. Beling, D. C. McIntosh, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, "Monolithic germanium/silicon avalanche photodiodes with 340 GHz gain—bandwidth product," Nat. Photon. 3, 59-63 (2008).

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. L. Miller, "Avalanche breakdown in germanium," Phys. Rev. 99, 1234-1241 (1955).

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. Melchior, M. B. Fisher, F. R. Marams, "Photodetectors for optical communication systems," Proc. IEEE 58, 1466-1486 (1970).

Other (12)

S. Takahashi, K. Shiba, E. Mizuki, K. Makita, A. Tajima, "Over 25-dB dynamic range 10-/1-Gbps optical burst-mode receiver using high-power-tolerant APD," Proc. 2009 Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2009) (2009) pp. 1-3.

G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communication (McGraw-Hill, 1999) pp. 243-273.

R. G. Smith, S. D. Personick, Semiconductor Devices for Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, 1982) pp. 89-160.

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 133-182.

S. Nishihara, M. Nakamura, T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "A SiGe BiCMOS burst-mode transimpedance amplifier using fast and accurate automatic offset compensation technique for 1 G/10 G dual-rate transceiver," Proc. 2009 Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM 2009) (2009) pp. 158-161.

T. Nagahori, "Proposal on dual-rate burst-mode receiver timing," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2008).

H. Ben-Amram, "Timing considerations for 10GEPON burst receiver," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2007).

X. Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, J. Vandewege, "Evolution of burst mode receivers," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'09) (2009).

IEEE Std 802.3av™-2009 (2009).

T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "Burst-mode APD-ROSA using reset signal for 1 G/10 G-dual-rate OLT optical transceiver," Proc. 14th Optoelectron. Commun. Conf. (OECC) IEEE (2009).

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, M. Nogami, "First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver," Proc. 2010 Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC 2010) (2010).

M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kato, "A 10 G burst-mode PIN-TIA module with 10-nsec response for PON systems," Proc. MH2, 20th Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS'07) (2007) pp. 67-68.

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