Abstract

We have realized a novel tunable narrow linewidth fiber laser with single-longitudinal-mode operation based on the homogenous gain broadening effect of Er-doped fiber and the stimulated Rayleigh scattering (STRS) in a nonuniform optical fiber in a ring laser configuration. A 3 dB linewidth of less than 2.0 kHz is achieved with 70 dB extinction. The minimum tunable laser bandwidth is determined by the balance of the bandwidth of tunable bandpass filter (in GHz), relaxation time and gain of the Er-doped fiber, and cavity loss. The tuning range is determined by the range of tuning filter within Er-doped fiber gain spectrum. This technique is applicable to any fiber with much higher stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold than that of STRS.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Libatique, L. Wang, R. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 1503-1507 (2002).
  2. J. G. Tang, J. Q. Sun, "Stable and widely tunable wavelength-spacing single longitudinal mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 299-303 (2010).
  3. M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, J. Izatt, "Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Exp. 11, 2183-2189 (2003).
  4. N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry–Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639-2671 (1991).
  5. J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
  6. C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, S. K. Liaw, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission," Opt. Lett. 23, 358-360 (1998).
  7. C. C. Lee, S. Chi, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of a grating-based fiber-ring laser using self-injection feedback," Opt. Lett. 25, 1774-1776 (2000).
  8. X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Z. C. Deng, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390-1392 (2005).
  9. G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
  10. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. , W. J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
  11. B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Nonlinear wave mixing and induced gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (1993).
  12. C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single-longitudinal-mode operation," Opt. Exp. 15, 382-386 (2007).
  13. X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, J. Zhang, "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry–Perot Etalon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).
  14. K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).
  15. K. K. Qureshi, X. H. Feng, L. M. Zhao, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, "C-band single-longitudinal mode lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 16352-16357 (2009).
  16. S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 22, 413-415 (2010).
  17. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).
  18. T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, L. Chen, H. Liang, Y. K. Dong, "Experimental study on stimulated Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 22958-22963 (2010).
  19. M. J. Li, S. P. Li, D. A. Nolan, "Nonlinear fibers for signal processing using optical Kerr effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3606-3614 (2005).
  20. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).
  21. S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, "Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications," Opt. Lett. 16, 393-395 (1991).
  22. H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 5, 640-642 (1990).
  23. J. W. Dawson, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, "An improved delay self-heterodyne interferometer for linewidth measurement," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 4, 1063-1066 (1992).

2010 (3)

J. G. Tang, J. Q. Sun, "Stable and widely tunable wavelength-spacing single longitudinal mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 299-303 (2010).

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 22, 413-415 (2010).

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, L. Chen, H. Liang, Y. K. Dong, "Experimental study on stimulated Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 22958-22963 (2010).

2009 (1)

K. K. Qureshi, X. H. Feng, L. M. Zhao, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, "C-band single-longitudinal mode lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 16352-16357 (2009).

2008 (2)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, J. Zhang, "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry–Perot Etalon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).

K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).

2007 (1)

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single-longitudinal-mode operation," Opt. Exp. 15, 382-386 (2007).

2005 (2)

M. J. Li, S. P. Li, D. A. Nolan, "Nonlinear fibers for signal processing using optical Kerr effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3606-3614 (2005).

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Z. C. Deng, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390-1392 (2005).

2003 (1)

M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, J. Izatt, "Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Exp. 11, 2183-2189 (2003).

2002 (1)

N. Libatique, L. Wang, R. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 1503-1507 (2002).

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. , W. J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).

1993 (1)

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Nonlinear wave mixing and induced gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (1993).

1992 (1)

J. W. Dawson, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, "An improved delay self-heterodyne interferometer for linewidth measurement," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 4, 1063-1066 (1992).

1991 (3)

S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, "Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications," Opt. Lett. 16, 393-395 (1991).

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry–Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639-2671 (1991).

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).

1990 (1)

H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 5, 640-642 (1990).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry–Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2639-2671 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. , W. J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, J. Zhang, "Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry–Perot Etalon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 976-978 (2008).

X. F. Chen, J. P. Yao, F. Zeng, Z. C. Deng, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1390-1392 (2005).

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).

IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. (1)

J. W. Dawson, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, "An improved delay self-heterodyne interferometer for linewidth measurement," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 4, 1063-1066 (1992).

IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. (1)

S. L. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 22, 413-415 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).

M. J. Li, S. P. Li, D. A. Nolan, "Nonlinear fibers for signal processing using optical Kerr effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3606-3614 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

K. K. Qureshi, X. H. Feng, L. M. Zhao, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, "C-band single-longitudinal mode lanthanum co-doped bismuth based erbium doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 16352-16357 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (3)

B. Fischer, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Nonlinear wave mixing and induced gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (1993).

S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, "Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications," Opt. Lett. 16, 393-395 (1991).

H. Tsuchida, "Simple technique for improving the resolution of the delayed self-heterodyne method," Opt. Lett. 5, 640-642 (1990).

Opt. Exp. (5)

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, L. Chen, H. Liang, Y. K. Dong, "Experimental study on stimulated Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 22958-22963 (2010).

C. H. Yeh, T. T. Huang, H. C. Chien, C. H. Ko, S. Chi, "Tunable S-band erbium-doped triple-ring laser with single-longitudinal-mode operation," Opt. Exp. 15, 382-386 (2007).

K. Zhang, J. U. Kang, "C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 16, 14173-14179 (2008).

M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, J. Izatt, "Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Exp. 11, 2183-2189 (2003).

N. Libatique, L. Wang, R. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Exp. 10, 1503-1507 (2002).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. G. Tang, J. Q. Sun, "Stable and widely tunable wavelength-spacing single longitudinal mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Fiber Technol. 16, 299-303 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.