Abstract

A frequency-sweep-free method for stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS)-based sensing is proposed, having the potential for fast acquisition characteristics. The Brillouin gain spectrum and the Brillouin frequency shift are determined using multiple frequency tones for both the probe and pump. While in this paper, continuous wave probe and pump waves are used to prove the feasibility of the concept, an extension to fast distributed sensing, using pulsed pumps, is also described.

© 2011 IEEE

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  2. M. K. Barnoski, S. D. Personick, "Measurements in fiber optics," Proc. IEEE 66, 429-441 (1978).
  3. K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, T. , "Coherent self-heterodyne Brillouin OTDR for measurement of Brillouin frequency shift distribution in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 730-736 (1994).
  4. T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, "BOTDA-nondestructive measurement of single-mode optical fiber attenuation characteristics using Brillouin interaction : Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1170-1176 (1989).
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  6. T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, "A technique to measure distributed strain in optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 352-354 (1990).
  7. K. Hotate, H. Zuyuan, "Synthesis of optical-coherence function and its applications in distributed and multiplexed optical sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2541-2557 (2006).
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2009 (1)

2008 (1)

P. Chaube, B. G. Colpitts, D. Jagannathan, A. W. Brown, "Distributed fiber-optic sensor for dynamic strain measurement," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1067-1072 (2008).

2007 (1)

K. Y. Song, K. Hotate, "Distributed fiber strain sensor with 1-kHz sampling rate based on Brillouin optical correlation domain analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 19, 1928-1930 (2007).

2006 (1)

K. Hotate, H. Zuyuan, "Synthesis of optical-coherence function and its applications in distributed and multiplexed optical sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2541-2557 (2006).

2004 (1)

K. Ogusu, H. Li, "Brillouin-gain coefficients of chalcogenide glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1302-1304 (2004).

2003 (1)

K. Hotate, S. Ong, "Distributed dynamic strain measurement using a correlation-based Brillouin sensing system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 272-274 (2003).

2001 (2)

X. Bao, M. DeMerchant, A. Brown, T. Bremner, "Tensile and com pressive strain measurement in the lab and field with distributed Brillouin scattering sensor," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1698-1704 (2001).

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, A. Shimada, "Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 45-64 (2001).

2000 (1)

K. Chung, G. Yang, W. Kwong, "Determination of FWM products in unequal-spaced-channel WDM lightwave systems," J. Lighw. Technol. 18, 2113-2122 (2000).

1997 (1)

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, P. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, Y. Koyamada, J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995).

1994 (1)

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, T. , "Coherent self-heterodyne Brillouin OTDR for measurement of Brillouin frequency shift distribution in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 730-736 (1994).

1990 (3)

M. Tateda, T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, K. Ishihara, "First measurement of strain distribution along field-installed optical fibers using Brillouin spectroscopy," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1269-1272 (1990).

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, "A technique to measure distributed strain in optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 352-354 (1990).

R. Warts, A. Priesem, E. Lichtman, H. Yaffe, R. Braun, "Nonlinear effects in coherent multichannel transmission through optical fibers," Proc. EEE 78, 1344-1368 (1990).

1989 (1)

T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, "BOTDA-nondestructive measurement of single-mode optical fiber attenuation characteristics using Brillouin interaction : Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1170-1176 (1989).

1987 (1)

E. Lichtman, A. Friesem, R. Warts, H. Yaffe, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering excited by two pump waves in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 4, 1397-1403 (1987).

1978 (1)

M. K. Barnoski, S. D. Personick, "Measurements in fiber optics," Proc. IEEE 66, 429-441 (1978).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Hotate, S. Ong, "Distributed dynamic strain measurement using a correlation-based Brillouin sensing system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 272-274 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, "A technique to measure distributed strain in optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 352-354 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. (1)

K. Y. Song, K. Hotate, "Distributed fiber strain sensor with 1-kHz sampling rate based on Brillouin optical correlation domain analysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 19, 1928-1930 (2007).

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

P. Chaube, B. G. Colpitts, D. Jagannathan, A. W. Brown, "Distributed fiber-optic sensor for dynamic strain measurement," IEEE Sensors J. 8, 1067-1072 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

M. Nikles, L. Thevenaz, P. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, Y. Koyamada, J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1296-1302 (1995).

X. Bao, M. DeMerchant, A. Brown, T. Bremner, "Tensile and com pressive strain measurement in the lab and field with distributed Brillouin scattering sensor," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1698-1704 (2001).

K. Hotate, H. Zuyuan, "Synthesis of optical-coherence function and its applications in distributed and multiplexed optical sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2541-2557 (2006).

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, T. , "Coherent self-heterodyne Brillouin OTDR for measurement of Brillouin frequency shift distribution in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 730-736 (1994).

T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, "BOTDA-nondestructive measurement of single-mode optical fiber attenuation characteristics using Brillouin interaction : Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1170-1176 (1989).

M. Tateda, T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, K. Ishihara, "First measurement of strain distribution along field-installed optical fibers using Brillouin spectroscopy," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1269-1272 (1990).

J. Lighw. Technol. (1)

K. Chung, G. Yang, W. Kwong, "Determination of FWM products in unequal-spaced-channel WDM lightwave systems," J. Lighw. Technol. 18, 2113-2122 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

K. Ogusu, H. Li, "Brillouin-gain coefficients of chalcogenide glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1302-1304 (2004).

E. Lichtman, A. Friesem, R. Warts, H. Yaffe, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering excited by two pump waves in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 4, 1397-1403 (1987).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

H. Ohno, H. Naruse, M. Kihara, A. Shimada, "Industrial applications of the BOTDR optical fiber strain sensor," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 45-64 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. EEE (1)

R. Warts, A. Priesem, E. Lichtman, H. Yaffe, R. Braun, "Nonlinear effects in coherent multichannel transmission through optical fibers," Proc. EEE 78, 1344-1368 (1990).

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. K. Barnoski, S. D. Personick, "Measurements in fiber optics," Proc. IEEE 66, 429-441 (1978).

Other (4)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

L. Thevenaz, M. Nickles, A. Fellay, M. Faccini, P. Robert, "Truly distributed strain and temperature sensing using embedded optical fibers," Proc. SPIE (1998) pp. 301-314.

M. J. Damzen, V. I. Vlad, V. Babin, A. Mocofanescu, Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, Fundamentals and Applications (Inst. Phys., 2003).

Virtex-5 Processing Benchmark, National Instruments http://zone.ni.com/devzone/cda/tut/p/id/7242.

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