Abstract

This paper proposes a scheme to increase possible patterns of wavelength-conversion for an optical packet switch (OPS) with parametric wavelength converters (PWCs) by obtaining additional converted wavelengths using the existing resources. It is called a recursive parametric wavelength conversion (RPWC) scheme. A PWC uses a pump wavelength to define the original and converted wavelengths, called wavelength conversion pairs. None of conversion pairs from any PWCs can sometime support the request, although some wavelengths at the requested output fiber are available. Therefore, packet loss occurs and several conversion pairs are wasteful. In RPWC, unused conversion pairs are used to create additional conversion pairs. The OPS allows each wavelength to be converted using combination of unused conversion pairs using more than one PWC, instead of using only a single PWC as in a conventional scheme. Simulation results show that RPWC achieves lower packet loss rate than the conventional scheme, under both uniform and non-uniform traffic. To show the feasibility of RPWC, we develop a prototype of an optical switch with RPWC and demonstrate it in experiment.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Proc. OFC'02 (2002) pp. 34-36.
  2. C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, (2008).
  3. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32$\,\times\,$10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. ECOC (1998) pp. 85-86.
  4. J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39, 1144-1145 (2003).
  5. P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).
  6. J. Yu, M. Huang, G. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).
  7. N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 558-569 (2010).
  8. N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, T. E. Stern, "An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999).
  9. E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "Tandem-crosspoint ATM switch with input and output buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 189-191 (1998).
  10. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
  11. E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10, 830-844 (2002).
  12. R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: Combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. IEEE Workshop HPSR (2001) pp. 324-329.
  13. A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. IEEE HPSR (2002) pp. 69-76.
  14. S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. IEEE ICCCN (2009) pp. 1-6.
  15. A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, M. Pedram, "NED: A novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5, 1-10 (2009).
  16. E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B, 215-223 (1998).
  17. E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B, 1372-1376 (1997).
  18. A. Mekkittikul, N. McKeown, “Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic,” Stanford Univ. CSL-TR 97-747 (1997).
  19. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).

2010 (1)

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 558-569 (2010).

2009 (1)

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, M. Pedram, "NED: A novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5, 1-10 (2009).

2008 (2)

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, (2008).

J. Yu, M. Huang, G. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

2006 (2)

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).

2003 (2)

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39, 1144-1145 (2003).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

2002 (1)

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10, 830-844 (2002).

1999 (1)

N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, T. E. Stern, "An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999).

1998 (2)

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "Tandem-crosspoint ATM switch with input and output buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 189-191 (1998).

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B, 215-223 (1998).

1997 (1)

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B, 1372-1376 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103$\,\times\,$10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39, 1144-1145 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 505-520 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12, (2008).

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "Tandem-crosspoint ATM switch with input and output buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 2, 189-191 (1998).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10, 830-844 (2002).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (2)

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B, 215-223 (1998).

E. Oki, N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B, 1372-1376 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, T. E. Stern, "An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).

J. Low Power Electron. (1)

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, M. Pedram, "NED: A novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5, 1-10 (2009).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 558-569 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Yu, M. Huang, G. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4$\,\times\,$112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Exp. 16, 21161-21169 (2008).

Other (6)

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32$\,\times\,$10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. ECOC (1998) pp. 85-86.

J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Proc. OFC'02 (2002) pp. 34-36.

A. Mekkittikul, N. McKeown, “Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic,” Stanford Univ. CSL-TR 97-747 (1997).

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: Combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. IEEE Workshop HPSR (2001) pp. 324-329.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. IEEE HPSR (2002) pp. 69-76.

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. IEEE ICCCN (2009) pp. 1-6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.