Abstract

Polarization-diverse coherent demodulation allows to compensate large values of accumulated linear distortion by digital signal processing. In particular, in uncompensated links without optical dispersion compensation, the parameter of the residual chromatic dispersion (CD) is vital to set the according digital filtering function. We present different non-data-aided (blind) CD estimation methods for single-carrier transmission under implementation constraint conditions such as bandwidth limitation and sampling rate. The estimation performance for various modulation formats is compared with respect to precision and robustness for a wide range of combined channel impairments.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. B. Spinnler, "Equalizer design and complexity for digital coherent receivers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1180-1192 (2010).
  2. C. R. S. Fludger, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).
  3. C. C. K. Chan, Optical Performance Monitoring (Elsevier, 2010) pp. 261-300.
  4. S. L. Woodward, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a High-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 20, 2048-2050 (2008).
  5. F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, B. Spinnler, B. Lankl, "Optical performance monitoring in digital coherent receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3623-3630 (2009).
  6. M. Kuschnerov, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).
  7. F. N. Hauske, Z. Zhang, C. Li, C. Xie, Q. Xiong, "Precise, robust and least complexity CD estimation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).
  8. J.-X. Cai, "Transmission of 96$\,\times\,$100-Gb/s bandwidth-constrained PDM-RZ-QPSK channels with 300% spectral efficiency over 10610 km and 400% spectral efficiency over 4370 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 491-498 (2011).
  9. A. Gorshtein, D. Sadot, G. Katz, O. Levy, "Coherent CD equalization for 111 Gbps DP-QPSK with one sample per symbol based on antialiasing filtering and MLSE," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010).
  10. S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 15, 2120-2126 (2007).
  11. T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarisation dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  12. N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005) pp. 129-254.
  13. M. Yan, Z. Tao, H. Zhang, W. Yan, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Adaptive blind equalization for coherent optical BPSK system," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2010).
  14. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).
  15. M. Kuschnerov, "Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 386-403 (2010).
  16. D. N. Godard, "Self-recovery equalization and carrier tracking in two-dimensional data communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 28, 1867-1875 (1980).
  17. D. N. Godard, "Passband timing recovery in an all-digital modem receiver," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 517-523 (1978).
  18. F. N. Hauske, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, M. Chen, "Impact of digital channel distortions to digital timing recovery in digital coherent transmission systems," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. (2010).
  19. N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005) pp. 353.

2011 (1)

J.-X. Cai, "Transmission of 96$\,\times\,$100-Gb/s bandwidth-constrained PDM-RZ-QPSK channels with 300% spectral efficiency over 10610 km and 400% spectral efficiency over 4370 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 491-498 (2011).

2010 (3)

B. Spinnler, "Equalizer design and complexity for digital coherent receivers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1180-1192 (2010).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).

M. Kuschnerov, "Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 386-403 (2010).

2009 (2)

F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, B. Spinnler, B. Lankl, "Optical performance monitoring in digital coherent receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3623-3630 (2009).

M. Kuschnerov, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).

2008 (2)

C. R. S. Fludger, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

S. L. Woodward, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a High-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

2007 (1)

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 15, 2120-2126 (2007).

1980 (1)

D. N. Godard, "Self-recovery equalization and carrier tracking in two-dimensional data communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 28, 1867-1875 (1980).

1978 (1)

D. N. Godard, "Passband timing recovery in an all-digital modem receiver," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 517-523 (1978).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Spinnler, "Equalizer design and complexity for digital coherent receivers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1180-1192 (2010).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

M. Kuschnerov, "Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 386-403 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (1)

S. L. Woodward, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a High-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. N. Godard, "Passband timing recovery in an all-digital modem receiver," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 517-523 (1978).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. N. Godard, "Self-recovery equalization and carrier tracking in two-dimensional data communication systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 28, 1867-1875 (1980).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J.-X. Cai, "Transmission of 96$\,\times\,$100-Gb/s bandwidth-constrained PDM-RZ-QPSK channels with 300% spectral efficiency over 10610 km and 400% spectral efficiency over 4370 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 491-498 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

C. R. S. Fludger, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, B. Spinnler, B. Lankl, "Optical performance monitoring in digital coherent receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3623-3630 (2009).

M. Kuschnerov, "DSP for coherent single-carrier receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3614-3622 (2009).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 15, 2120-2126 (2007).

Other (8)

T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarisation dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005) pp. 129-254.

M. Yan, Z. Tao, H. Zhang, W. Yan, T. Hoshida, J. C. Rasmussen, "Adaptive blind equalization for coherent optical BPSK system," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2010).

F. N. Hauske, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, M. Chen, "Impact of digital channel distortions to digital timing recovery in digital coherent transmission systems," Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. (2010).

N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005) pp. 353.

F. N. Hauske, Z. Zhang, C. Li, C. Xie, Q. Xiong, "Precise, robust and least complexity CD estimation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011).

C. C. K. Chan, Optical Performance Monitoring (Elsevier, 2010) pp. 261-300.

A. Gorshtein, D. Sadot, G. Katz, O. Levy, "Coherent CD equalization for 111 Gbps DP-QPSK with one sample per symbol based on antialiasing filtering and MLSE," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2010).

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