Abstract

Different multiwavelength Raman fiber lasers based on a hybrid cavity setup are proposed. The lasing schemes are based in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirrors combined with random cavities. The Hi-Bi PCF loop mirrors are characterized by an interferometric output; whereas the random mirrors are created by cooperative Rayleigh scattering due to Raman gain. This configuration allows suppression of Rayleigh associated noise growth, while taking advantage of it as an active part of the laser cavity, enhancing the achievable gain. The proposed fiber lasers present stable operation at room temperature although different output maxima and shapes depending on the fiber loop mirror/random mirror combination.

© 2011 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback," Opt Lett. 35, 1100-1102 (2010).
  2. Y. E. Im, S. Hann, H. Kim, D. H. Kim, C. S. Park, "An all-fibre robust and tunable Raman fibre laser with reconfigurable asymmetric cavities," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034022-034026 (2009).
  3. X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, "Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing," Opt. Exp. 14, 3288-3293 (2006).
  4. D. R. Chen, S. Qin, L. F. Shen, H. Chi, S. L. He, "An all-fiber multi-wavelength Raman laser based on a PCF Sagnac loop filter," Microw Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416-2418 (2006).
  5. C. S. Kim, R. M. Sova, J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-29 (2003).
  6. A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber loop mirror with cooperative Rayleigh scattering," Appl. Phys. B. 99, 391-395 (2010).
  7. D. B. Mortimore, "Fiber loop reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 1217-1224 (1988).
  8. K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, "Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers," Progr. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101-108 (2009).
  9. D.-M. Liang, Y. Li, J.-H. Pei, Y. Jiang, Z.-H. Kang, J.-Y. Gao, "Multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a highbirefringence fiber loop mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 57-60 (2007).
  10. D. H. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Exp. 12, 4490-4495 (2004).
  11. Z. Y. Liu, Y. G. Liu, J. B. Du, G. Y. Kai, X. Y. Dong, "Tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 446-448 (2008).
  12. J. Wang, K. Zheng, J. Peng, L. S. Liu, J. Li, S. S. Jian, "Theory and experiment of a fiber loop mirror filter of two-stage polarization-maintaining fibers and polarization controllers for multiwavelength fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 10573-10583 (2009).
  13. C. Headley, G. P. Agrawal, Optics and Photonics (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005).
  14. A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, M. A. Mahdi, "Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 49, 3506-3510 (2010).
  15. K. D. Park, B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, J. H. Lee, J. S. Chang, "Dynamics of cascaded Brillouin-Rayleigh scattering in a distributed fiber Raman amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 155-157 (2002).
  16. M. T. M. Giraldi, A. M. Rocha, B. Neto, C. Correia, M. E. V. Segatto, M. J. Pontes, A. P. L. Barbero, J. C. W. Costa, M. A. G. Martinez, O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, H. M. Salgado, M. B. Marques, A. L. J. Teixeira, P. S. Andre, "Rayleigh assisted Brillouin effects in distributed Raman amplifiers under saturated conditions at 40 Gb/S," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 1331-1335 (2010).
  17. B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, "Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352-1354 (2001).
  18. S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, S. F. Norizan, M. R. A. Moghaddam, H. Ahmad, "Brillouin-Raman multi-wavelength laser comb generation based on biEdf by using dual-wavelength in dispersion compensating fiber," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 19, 123-130 (2010).
  19. A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. M. Ali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, "Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 15, 3000-3005 (2007).
  20. A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, M. A. Mahdi, "Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity," Opt. Lett. 31, 918-920 (2006).
  21. O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, "Recent advances in high-birefringence fiber loop mirror sensors," Sensors 7, 2970-2983 (2007).
  22. C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).
  23. O. Frazao, J. P. Carvalho, H. M. Salgado, "Low-loss splice in a microstructured fibre using a conventional fusion splicer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 172-174 (2005).
  24. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, E. V. Podivilov, "Random distributed feedback fibre laser," Nat. Photon. 4, 231-235 (2010).
  25. M. Z. I. J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grass, "Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in light wave systems with optical amplifiers," IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).
  26. M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Díaz, R. A. Perez-Herrera, D. Passaro, S. Selleri, M. A. Quintela, J. M. López, Higuera, M. López-Amo, "Resilient long-distance sensor system using a multiwavelength Raman laser," Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094017-094022 (2010).

2010

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback," Opt Lett. 35, 1100-1102 (2010).

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber loop mirror with cooperative Rayleigh scattering," Appl. Phys. B. 99, 391-395 (2010).

M. T. M. Giraldi, A. M. Rocha, B. Neto, C. Correia, M. E. V. Segatto, M. J. Pontes, A. P. L. Barbero, J. C. W. Costa, M. A. G. Martinez, O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, H. M. Salgado, M. B. Marques, A. L. J. Teixeira, P. S. Andre, "Rayleigh assisted Brillouin effects in distributed Raman amplifiers under saturated conditions at 40 Gb/S," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 1331-1335 (2010).

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, S. F. Norizan, M. R. A. Moghaddam, H. Ahmad, "Brillouin-Raman multi-wavelength laser comb generation based on biEdf by using dual-wavelength in dispersion compensating fiber," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 19, 123-130 (2010).

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, E. V. Podivilov, "Random distributed feedback fibre laser," Nat. Photon. 4, 231-235 (2010).

M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Díaz, R. A. Perez-Herrera, D. Passaro, S. Selleri, M. A. Quintela, J. M. López, Higuera, M. López-Amo, "Resilient long-distance sensor system using a multiwavelength Raman laser," Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094017-094022 (2010).

A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, M. A. Mahdi, "Contribution of Rayleigh scattering on Brillouin comb line generation in Raman fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 49, 3506-3510 (2010).

2009

J. Wang, K. Zheng, J. Peng, L. S. Liu, J. Li, S. S. Jian, "Theory and experiment of a fiber loop mirror filter of two-stage polarization-maintaining fibers and polarization controllers for multiwavelength fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 10573-10583 (2009).

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, "Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers," Progr. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101-108 (2009).

Y. E. Im, S. Hann, H. Kim, D. H. Kim, C. S. Park, "An all-fibre robust and tunable Raman fibre laser with reconfigurable asymmetric cavities," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034022-034026 (2009).

2008

Z. Y. Liu, Y. G. Liu, J. B. Du, G. Y. Kai, X. Y. Dong, "Tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 446-448 (2008).

2007

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. M. Ali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, "Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 15, 3000-3005 (2007).

O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, "Recent advances in high-birefringence fiber loop mirror sensors," Sensors 7, 2970-2983 (2007).

D.-M. Liang, Y. Li, J.-H. Pei, Y. Jiang, Z.-H. Kang, J.-Y. Gao, "Multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a highbirefringence fiber loop mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 57-60 (2007).

2006

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, "Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing," Opt. Exp. 14, 3288-3293 (2006).

D. R. Chen, S. Qin, L. F. Shen, H. Chi, S. L. He, "An all-fiber multi-wavelength Raman laser based on a PCF Sagnac loop filter," Microw Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416-2418 (2006).

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, M. A. Mahdi, "Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity," Opt. Lett. 31, 918-920 (2006).

2005

O. Frazao, J. P. Carvalho, H. M. Salgado, "Low-loss splice in a microstructured fibre using a conventional fusion splicer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 172-174 (2005).

2004

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).

D. H. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Exp. 12, 4490-4495 (2004).

2003

C. S. Kim, R. M. Sova, J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-29 (2003).

2002

2001

B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, "Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352-1354 (2001).

1990

M. Z. I. J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grass, "Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in light wave systems with optical amplifiers," IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).

1988

D. B. Mortimore, "Fiber loop reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 1217-1224 (1988).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser based on a photonic crystal fiber loop mirror with cooperative Rayleigh scattering," Appl. Phys. B. 99, 391-395 (2010).

IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett.

M. Z. I. J. L. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana, G. Grass, "Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in light wave systems with optical amplifiers," IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett. 2, 211-213 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, C. Lu, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2535-2537 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. Min, P. Kim, N. Park, "Flat amplitude equal spacing 798-channel Rayleigh-assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1352-1354 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

D. B. Mortimore, "Fiber loop reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 1217-1224 (1988).

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys.

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, S. F. Norizan, M. R. A. Moghaddam, H. Ahmad, "Brillouin-Raman multi-wavelength laser comb generation based on biEdf by using dual-wavelength in dispersion compensating fiber," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 19, 123-130 (2010).

Laser Phys. Lett.

Z. Y. Liu, Y. G. Liu, J. B. Du, G. Y. Kai, X. Y. Dong, "Tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop filter," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 446-448 (2008).

D.-M. Liang, Y. Li, J.-H. Pei, Y. Jiang, Z.-H. Kang, J.-Y. Gao, "Multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a highbirefringence fiber loop mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 57-60 (2007).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

Y. E. Im, S. Hann, H. Kim, D. H. Kim, C. S. Park, "An all-fibre robust and tunable Raman fibre laser with reconfigurable asymmetric cavities," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034022-034026 (2009).

M. Fernandez-Vallejo, S. Díaz, R. A. Perez-Herrera, D. Passaro, S. Selleri, M. A. Quintela, J. M. López, Higuera, M. López-Amo, "Resilient long-distance sensor system using a multiwavelength Raman laser," Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 094017-094022 (2010).

Microw Opt. Technol. Lett.

D. R. Chen, S. Qin, L. F. Shen, H. Chi, S. L. He, "An all-fiber multi-wavelength Raman laser based on a PCF Sagnac loop filter," Microw Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416-2418 (2006).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

O. Frazao, J. P. Carvalho, H. M. Salgado, "Low-loss splice in a microstructured fibre using a conventional fusion splicer," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 172-174 (2005).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

M. T. M. Giraldi, A. M. Rocha, B. Neto, C. Correia, M. E. V. Segatto, M. J. Pontes, A. P. L. Barbero, J. C. W. Costa, M. A. G. Martinez, O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, H. M. Salgado, M. B. Marques, A. L. J. Teixeira, P. S. Andre, "Rayleigh assisted Brillouin effects in distributed Raman amplifiers under saturated conditions at 40 Gb/S," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 1331-1335 (2010).

Nat. Photon.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, E. V. Podivilov, "Random distributed feedback fibre laser," Nat. Photon. 4, 231-235 (2010).

Opt Lett.

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castanon, S. K. Turitsyn, "Dual-wavelength, ultralong Raman laser with Rayleigh-scattering feedback," Opt Lett. 35, 1100-1102 (2010).

Opt. Commun.

C. S. Kim, R. M. Sova, J. U. Kang, "Tunable multi-wavelength all-fiber Raman source using fiber Sagnac loop filter," Opt. Commun. 218, 291-29 (2003).

Opt. Lett.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. M. Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, M. A. Mahdi, "Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity," Opt. Lett. 31, 918-920 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. M. Ali, M. H. Al-Mansoori, "Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity," Opt. Exp. 15, 3000-3005 (2007).

J. Wang, K. Zheng, J. Peng, L. S. Liu, J. Li, S. S. Jian, "Theory and experiment of a fiber loop mirror filter of two-stage polarization-maintaining fibers and polarization controllers for multiwavelength fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 17, 10573-10583 (2009).

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, "Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing," Opt. Exp. 14, 3288-3293 (2006).

D. H. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Exp. 12, 4490-4495 (2004).

Opt. Lett.

Progr. Electromag. Res. C

K. S. Lim, C. H. Pua, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, "Fiber loop mirror filter with two-stage high birefringence fibers," Progr. Electromag. Res. C 9, 101-108 (2009).

Sensors

O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, "Recent advances in high-birefringence fiber loop mirror sensors," Sensors 7, 2970-2983 (2007).

Other

C. Headley, G. P. Agrawal, Optics and Photonics (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.