Abstract

Resonator micro optic gyro (RMOG) with a waveguide-type ring resonator is a promising candidate for applications requiring small, light and robust gyros. In optical passive ring resonator gyros, clockwise (CW) and counter clockwise (CCW) lightwaves are phase-modulated at different frequencies to reduce the backscattering induced noise. The effectiveness of this technique, however, is determined by the carrier suppression level. In this paper, the influence of the carrier suppression level on the gyro performance is examined experimentally for an RMOG system with a silica waveguide resonator. In our experiment, carrier suppression is applied onto both the CW and the CCW lightwaves at the same time to achieve higher total suppression. We show that carrier suppression as high as 100 dB can be achieved by optimizing the amplitude of the phase modulation. A bias stability of 0.46°/s in 50 seconds is demonstrated in an RMOG with a silica waveguide ring resonator having a ring length of 7.9 cm. This is the best result reported to date, to the best of our knowledge, for waveguide-type ring resonator gyros of this size.

© 2011 IEEE

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2007

H.-K. Hsiao, K. A. Winick, "Planar glass waveguide ring resonators with gain," Opt. Exp. 15, 17783-17797 (2007).

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, "High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide," Opt. Exp. 15, 660-668 (2007).

2006

M. Oehme, J. Werner, E. Kasper, M. Jutzi, M. Berroth, "High bandwidth Ge p-i-n photodetector integrated on Si," Appl. Phy. Lett. 89, (2006) Articles 071117.

H. Ma, X. Zhang, Z. Jin, C. Ding, "Waveguide-type optical passive ring resonator gyro using phase modulation spectroscopy technique," Opt. Eng. 45, 080506-1-3 (2006).

X. Zhang, H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, "Open-loop operation experiments in a resonator fiber-optic gyro using the phase modulation spectroscopy technique," Appl. Opt. 45, 7961-7965 (2006).

2005

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).

2004

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).

2000

C. Ford, R. Ramberg, K. Johnson, W. Bergulund, B. Ellerbusch, R. Schermer, A. Gopinath, "Cavity element for resonant micro optical gyroscope," IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 15, 33-36 (2000).

K. Suzuki, K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Monolithically integrated resonator micro optic gyro on silica planar lighwave circuit," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 66-72 (2000).

K. Suzuki, K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Monolithically integrated resonator micro optic gyro on silica planar lighwave circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 66-72 (2000).

1996

K. Takada, H. Yamada, Y. Hida, Y. Ohmori, S. Mitachi, "Rayleigh backscattering measurement of 10 m long silica-based waveguides," Electron. Lett. 32, 1665-1667 (1996).

1990

K. Hotate, K. Takiguchi, A. Hirose, "Adjustment-free method to eliminate the noise induced by the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 75-77 (1990).

1989

K. Iwatsuki, M. Saruwatari, M. Kawachi, H. Yamazaki, "Waveguide-type optical passive ring resonator gyro using time-division detection scheme," Electron. Lett. 25, 688-689 (1989).

1987

R. E. Tench, J.-M. P. Delavaux, L. D. Tzeng, R. W. Smith, L. L. Buhl, R. C. Alferness, "Performance evaluation of waveguide phase modulators for coherent systems at 1.3 and 1.5 $\mu$m," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 492-501 (1987).

1986

1984

1977

S. Ezekiel, R. Balsamo, "Passive ring resonator gyroscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 478-480 (1977).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phy. Lett.

M. Oehme, J. Werner, E. Kasper, M. Jutzi, M. Berroth, "High bandwidth Ge p-i-n photodetector integrated on Si," Appl. Phy. Lett. 89, (2006) Articles 071117.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Ezekiel, R. Balsamo, "Passive ring resonator gyroscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 478-480 (1977).

Electron. Lett.

K. Iwatsuki, M. Saruwatari, M. Kawachi, H. Yamazaki, "Waveguide-type optical passive ring resonator gyro using time-division detection scheme," Electron. Lett. 25, 688-689 (1989).

K. Takada, H. Yamada, Y. Hida, Y. Ohmori, S. Mitachi, "Rayleigh backscattering measurement of 10 m long silica-based waveguides," Electron. Lett. 32, 1665-1667 (1996).

IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag.

C. Ford, R. Ramberg, K. Johnson, W. Bergulund, B. Ellerbusch, R. Schermer, A. Gopinath, "Cavity element for resonant micro optical gyroscope," IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 15, 33-36 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Hotate, K. Takiguchi, A. Hirose, "Adjustment-free method to eliminate the noise induced by the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 75-77 (1990).

J. Lightw. Technol.

K. Suzuki, K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Monolithically integrated resonator micro optic gyro on silica planar lighwave circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 66-72 (2000).

R. E. Tench, J.-M. P. Delavaux, L. D. Tzeng, R. W. Smith, L. L. Buhl, R. C. Alferness, "Performance evaluation of waveguide phase modulators for coherent systems at 1.3 and 1.5 $\mu$m," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 492-501 (1987).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).

Opt. Eng.

H. Ma, X. Zhang, Z. Jin, C. Ding, "Waveguide-type optical passive ring resonator gyro using phase modulation spectroscopy technique," Opt. Eng. 45, 080506-1-3 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, "High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide," Opt. Exp. 15, 660-668 (2007).

H.-K. Hsiao, K. A. Winick, "Planar glass waveguide ring resonators with gain," Opt. Exp. 15, 17783-17797 (2007).

Other

C. Vannahme, H. Suche, S. Reza, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, W. Sohler, "Integrated optical Ti:LiNbO$_3$ ring resonator for rotation rate sensing," Proc. 13th ECIO (2007).

J. T. A. Carriere, J. A. Frantz, S. Honkanen, R. K. Kostuk, B. R. Youmans, E. A. J. Vikjaer, "An integrated optic gyroscope using ion-exchanged waveguides," Proc. LEOS Annual Meeting 2003 (2003) pp. 99-100.

C. Monovoukas, A. K. Swiecki, F. Maseeh, "Integrated optical gyroscopes offering low cost, small size and vibration immunity," Proc. SPIE (2000) pp. 293-300.

C. Caterina, P. Francesco, M. N. Armenise, "A new integrated optical angular velocity sensor," Proc. SPIE (2005) pp. 93-100.

A. W. Lawrence, Thin Film Laser Gyro U.S. Patent 4 326 803 (1982).

“An Update on KVH Fiber Optic Gyros and Their Benefits Relative to Other Gyro Technologies,” http://www.gpsworld.com/gps/an-update-kvh-fiber-optic-gyros-amp-their-benefits-relative-other-gyro-technologies-1629 (2007).

K. Suzuki, K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Reduction of backscattering induced noise by ternary phase shift keying in monolithically integrated micro optic gyro on silica planar lightwave circuit," Proc. OFS-13 (1999) pp. 78-81.

H. Rong, S. Xu, S. Ayotte, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Paniccia, "Silicon based chip-scale nonlinear optical devices: Laser, amplifier, and wavelength converter," Proc. LEOS Annual Meeting 2008 (2008) pp. 8-9.

T. J. Kaiser, D. Cardarelli, J. Walsh, "Experimental development in the RFOG," Proc. SPIE, Fiber Optic Laser Sensors VIII (1990) pp. 121-126.

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