H. Chen, Y. Kuo, J. E. Bowers, "25 Gb/s hybrid silicon switch using a capacitively
loaded traveling wave electrode," Opt. Exp. 18, 1070-1075 (2010).

H. Chen, Y. Kuo, J. E. Bowers, "High speed hybrid silicon evanescent
Mach–Zehnder modulator and switch," Opt. Exp. 16, 20571-20576 (2008).

J. Shin, S. Wu, N. Dagli, "35 GHz bandwidth, 5 V-cm drive voltage, bulk GaAs
substrate removed electro optic modulators ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1362-1364 (2007).

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, T. Ito, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, Y. Tohmori, "A 40-Gb/s InGaAlAs-InAlAs MQW n-i-n
Mach–Zehnder modulator with a drive voltage of 2.3 V ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 46-48 (2005).

S. Akiyama, H. Itoh, T. Takeuchi, A. Kuramata, T. Yamamoto, "Wide-wavelength-band (30 nm) 10-Gb/s operation of
InP-based Mach–Zehnder modulator with constant driving
voltage of 2 vpp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1408-1410 (2005).

J. Shin, C. Ozturk, S. R. Sakamoto, Y. J. Chiu, N. Dagli, "Novel T-rail electrodes for substrate removed
low-voltage high-speed GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 53, 636-643 (2005).

L. Zhang, J. Sinsky, D. Van Thourhout, N. Sauer, L. Stulz, A. Adamiecki, S. Chandrasekhar, "Low voltage high speed travelling wave InGaAsP/InP
phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1831-1833 (2004).

M. S. Islam, S. Murthy, T. Itoh, M. C. Wu, D. Novak, R. B. W. House, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-Matched distributed photodetectors and
balanced photodetectors with p-i-n photodiodes ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 49, 1914-1920 (2001).

G. E. Ponchak, M. Matloubian, L. P. B. Katehi, "A measurement-based design equation for the
attenuation of MMIC-compatible coplanar waveguides ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 47, 241-243 (1999 ).

N. Dagli, "Wide bandwidth lasers and modulators for RF photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 47, 1151-1171 (1999).

R. Spickermann, S. R. Sakamoto, M. G. Peters, N. Dagli, "GaAs/AlGaAs traveling wave electrooptic modulator with
electrical bandwidth greater than 40 GHz ," Electron. Lett. 32, 1095-1096 (1996).

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vay, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors with
high-saturation power and large bandwidth ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1376-1378 (1996).

S. Sakamoto, R. Spickermann, N. Dagli, "Novel narrow gap coplanar slow wave electrode for
traveling wave electrooptic modulators ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1183-1185 (1995).

R. G. Walker, "High speed III-V electrooptic waveguide modulators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 654-667 (1991).

L. Zhang, J. Sinsky, D. Van Thourhout, N. Sauer, L. Stulz, A. Adamiecki, S. Chandrasekhar, "Low voltage high speed travelling wave InGaAsP/InP
phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1831-1833 (2004).

R. Spickermann, S. R. Sakamoto, M. G. Peters, N. Dagli, "GaAs/AlGaAs traveling wave electrooptic modulator with
electrical bandwidth greater than 40 GHz ," Electron. Lett. 32, 1095-1096 (1996).

S. Sakamoto, R. Spickermann, N. Dagli, "Novel narrow gap coplanar slow wave electrode for
traveling wave electrooptic modulators ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1183-1185 (1995).

R. G. Walker, "High speed III-V electrooptic waveguide modulators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 654-667 (1991).

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vay, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors with
high-saturation power and large bandwidth ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1376-1378 (1996).

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, T. Ito, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, Y. Tohmori, "A 40-Gb/s InGaAlAs-InAlAs MQW n-i-n
Mach–Zehnder modulator with a drive voltage of 2.3 V ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 46-48 (2005).

S. Akiyama, H. Itoh, T. Takeuchi, A. Kuramata, T. Yamamoto, "Wide-wavelength-band (30 nm) 10-Gb/s operation of
InP-based Mach–Zehnder modulator with constant driving
voltage of 2 vpp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1408-1410 (2005).

J. Shin, S. Wu, N. Dagli, "35 GHz bandwidth, 5 V-cm drive voltage, bulk GaAs
substrate removed electro optic modulators ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1362-1364 (2007).

M. S. Islam, S. Murthy, T. Itoh, M. C. Wu, D. Novak, R. B. W. House, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-Matched distributed photodetectors and
balanced photodetectors with p-i-n photodiodes ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 49, 1914-1920 (2001).

J. Shin, C. Ozturk, S. R. Sakamoto, Y. J. Chiu, N. Dagli, "Novel T-rail electrodes for substrate removed
low-voltage high-speed GaAs/AlGaAs electro-optic modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 53, 636-643 (2005).

G. E. Ponchak, M. Matloubian, L. P. B. Katehi, "A measurement-based design equation for the
attenuation of MMIC-compatible coplanar waveguides ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 47, 241-243 (1999 ).

N. Dagli, "Wide bandwidth lasers and modulators for RF photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 47, 1151-1171 (1999).

H. Chen, Y. Kuo, J. E. Bowers, "High speed hybrid silicon evanescent
Mach–Zehnder modulator and switch," Opt. Exp. 16, 20571-20576 (2008).

H. Chen, Y. Kuo, J. E. Bowers, "25 Gb/s hybrid silicon switch using a capacitively
loaded traveling wave electrode," Opt. Exp. 18, 1070-1075 (2010).

R. Spickermann, S. R. Sakamoto, N. Dagli, "In traveling wave modulators which velocity to match?," IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1996 Annual Meeting BostonMA (1996) Paper WM3.