Abstract

Quasi-color-free weak Fabry–Perot cavity laser diode with long cavity length is one alternative solution of the wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) transmitter with comparable broadband gain spectrum and greatly reduced noise figure as compared to typical reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers. In this paper, the amplified spontaneous emission injection-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry–Perot laser diode (WRC-FPLD) with 1% front-facet reflectivity directly modulated at 1.25 Gbit/s with detuning injection-locked mode for quasi-color-free transmission in WDM-PON system with channel spacing of 200 GHz is demonstrated. With bias current changing from $0.9 I_{\rm th}$ to $1.4 I_{\rm th}$, the improvement on receiving power sensitivity for the WRC-FPLD-based WDM-PON transmitter is up to 9 dB at bit error rate (BER) of $10^{- 9}$. Increasing the injection-locked mode number from 2 to 3 within temperature variation of 6 $^{\circ}$C effectively promotes the BER from $10^{- 8}$ to $10^{- 10}$ at receiving power of ${-}27$ dBm associated with a decreasing power penalty of ${-}3.2$ dB. The WRC-FPLD with more injection-locked modes within one channel exhibits higher extinction ratio at higher operating temperature within one injection-locked-mode-number changing period. This elucidates well the cycling evolution on the BER performance of the WRC-FPLD as a function of operating temperature.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, O. Y. C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
  2. K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).
  3. E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).
  4. H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, S. K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).
  5. J. M. Kang, T. Y. Kim, I. H. Choi, S. H. Lee, S. K. Han, "Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter for up-stream WDM-PON link," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 1, 77-81 (2007).
  6. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  7. K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).
  8. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).
  9. S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).
  10. W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  11. Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).
  12. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley InterScience, 2002).
  13. M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 2460-2462 (2002).
  14. E. H. Lee, Y. C. Bang, J. K. Kang, Y. C. Keh, D. J. Shin, J. S. Lee, S. S. Park, I. Kim, J. K. Lee, Y. K. Oh, D. H. Jang, "Uncooled C-band wideband gain lasers with 32-channel coverage and 20-dBm ASE injection for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 667-669 (2006).
  15. W. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, "Dynamics of optically switched bistable diode laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 303-308 (1987).

2008 (1)

S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).

2007 (2)

J. M. Kang, T. Y. Kim, I. H. Choi, S. H. Lee, S. K. Han, "Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter for up-stream WDM-PON link," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 1, 77-81 (2007).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

2006 (5)

K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).

E. H. Lee, Y. C. Bang, J. K. Kang, Y. C. Keh, D. J. Shin, J. S. Lee, S. S. Park, I. Kim, J. K. Lee, Y. K. Oh, D. H. Jang, "Uncooled C-band wideband gain lasers with 32-channel coverage and 20-dBm ASE injection for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 667-669 (2006).

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, S. K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).

2005 (2)

W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, O. Y. C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

2004 (1)

Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

2002 (1)

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 2460-2462 (2002).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1987 (1)

W. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, "Dynamics of optically switched bistable diode laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 303-308 (1987).

Electron. Lett. (1)

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299-301 (2006).

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

J. M. Kang, T. Y. Kim, I. H. Choi, S. H. Lee, S. K. Han, "Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter for up-stream WDM-PON link," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 1, 77-81 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Sharfin, M. Dagenais, "Dynamics of optically switched bistable diode laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 303-308 (1987).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

W. Lee, M.-Y. Park, S.-H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B.-W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 2460-2462 (2002).

E. H. Lee, Y. C. Bang, J. K. Kang, Y. C. Keh, D. J. Shin, J. S. Lee, S. S. Park, I. Kim, J. K. Lee, Y. K. Oh, D. H. Jang, "Uncooled C-band wideband gain lasers with 32-channel coverage and 20-dBm ASE injection for WDM-PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 667-669 (2006).

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

K. Lee, J.-H. Song, H.-K. Lee, W.-V. Sorin, "Multistage access network for bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 761-763 (2006).

H. C. Kwon, Y. Y. Won, S. K. Han, "A self-seeded reflective SOA-based optical network unit for optical beat interference robust WDM/SCM-PON link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1852-1854 (2006).

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, O. Y. C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (2)

S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).

Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley InterScience, 2002).

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