Abstract

The noise properties of phase sensitive amplifiers based on degenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers are studied taking into account the quantum noise amplification, the amplitude and phase noise properties of the pump sources. An analytical tool is presented for the direct calculation of the amplifier noise figure also verified by extensive numerical simulations. The signal power dependence of noise figure is both analytically and numerically accented. The need for high speed and precise phase locking is also revealed in order to diminish the effect of phase noise on the noise properties of the amplifier.

© 2010 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Loudon, "Theory of noise accumulation in linear optical-amplifier chains," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766-773 (1985).
  2. K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum. Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).
  3. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, "Inline coherent optical amplifier with noise figure lower than 3 dB quantum limit," Electron. Lett. 36, 63-65 (2000).
  4. C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, "Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 4973-4979 (2004).
  5. O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Kumar, "Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) Paper OML3.
  6. P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).
  7. P. L. Voss, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced noise-figure limit for $\chi$ (3) parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 29, 445-447 (2004).
  8. P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, P. A. Andrekson, Noise in Dual-Pumped Fiber-Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Theory and Experiments 25, 2837-2846 (2007).
  9. C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, M. G. Raymer, "Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," Opt. Exp. 12, 5037-5066 (2004).
  10. P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for $\chi$ (3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 598-610 (2006).
  11. A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, P. Kylemark, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2788-2795 (2005).
  12. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).
  13. A. Mussot, A. Durécu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).
  14. J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Noise analysis of semiconductor lasers within the coherence collapse regime," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 3-9 (1991).
  15. K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. Li, "Demonstration of phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Exp. 13, 3945-3950 (2005).
  16. L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).
  18. L. Möller, "Novel aspects of spectral broadening due to fiber amplifier phase noise," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1554-1558 (1998).
  19. R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1845-1847 (2005).
  20. M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Narrow-linewidth idler generation in fiber four-wave mixing and parametric amplification by dithering two pumps in opposition of phase," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 469-476 (2002).

2008

K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum. Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).

O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Kumar, "Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) Paper OML3.

2007

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, P. A. Andrekson, Noise in Dual-Pumped Fiber-Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Theory and Experiments 25, 2837-2846 (2007).

2006

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for $\chi$ (3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 598-610 (2006).

2005

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, P. Kylemark, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2788-2795 (2005).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).

K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. Li, "Demonstration of phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Exp. 13, 3945-3950 (2005).

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1845-1847 (2005).

2004

A. Mussot, A. Durécu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, M. G. Raymer, "Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," Opt. Exp. 12, 5037-5066 (2004).

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

P. L. Voss, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced noise-figure limit for $\chi$ (3) parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 29, 445-447 (2004).

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, "Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 4973-4979 (2004).

2002

M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Narrow-linewidth idler generation in fiber four-wave mixing and parametric amplification by dithering two pumps in opposition of phase," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 469-476 (2002).

2000

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, "Inline coherent optical amplifier with noise figure lower than 3 dB quantum limit," Electron. Lett. 36, 63-65 (2000).

1998

L. Möller, "Novel aspects of spectral broadening due to fiber amplifier phase noise," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1554-1558 (1998).

1991

J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Noise analysis of semiconductor lasers within the coherence collapse regime," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 3-9 (1991).

1986

L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

1985

R. Loudon, "Theory of noise accumulation in linear optical-amplifier chains," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766-773 (1985).

Electron. Lett.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, "Inline coherent optical amplifier with noise figure lower than 3 dB quantum limit," Electron. Lett. 36, 63-65 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Loudon, "Theory of noise accumulation in linear optical-amplifier chains," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 766-773 (1985).

J. Wang, K. Petermann, "Noise analysis of semiconductor lasers within the coherence collapse regime," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 3-9 (1991).

L. Möller, "Novel aspects of spectral broadening due to fiber amplifier phase noise," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1554-1558 (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum. Electron.

K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum. Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Mussot, A. Durécu-Legrand, E. Lantz, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, H. Maillotte, T. Sylvestre, "Impact of pump phase modulation on the gain of fiber optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1289-1291 (2004).

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1845-1847 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic, K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Narrow-linewidth idler generation in fiber four-wave mixing and parametric amplification by dithering two pumps in opposition of phase," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 469-476 (2002).

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, P. Kylemark, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2788-2795 (2005).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).

L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

P. Kylemark, P. O. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, "Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 409-416 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

P. L. Voss, K. G. Köprülü, P. Kumar, "Raman-noise-induced quantum limits for $\chi$ (3) nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplification and quadrature squeezing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 598-610 (2006).

Noise in Dual-Pumped Fiber-Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Theory and Experiments

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, P. A. Andrekson, Noise in Dual-Pumped Fiber-Optical Parametric Amplifiers: Theory and Experiments 25, 2837-2846 (2007).

Opt. Exp.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, M. G. Raymer, "Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," Opt. Exp. 12, 5037-5066 (2004).

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, "Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 4973-4979 (2004).

K. Croussore, I. Kim, Y. Han, C. Kim, G. Li, "Demonstration of phase regeneration of DPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification," Opt. Exp. 13, 3945-3950 (2005).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. OFC/NFOEC

O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Kumar, "Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008) Paper OML3.

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.