Abstract

A modified uni-traveling-carrier photodiode-based V-band optoelectronic mixer is demonstrated. The relative optical local oscillator (LO) and optical intermediate frequency (IF) signal levels and the reverse bias can be optimized for maximum up-converted power. It was found that the optimum optical IF percentage relative to the total incident optical power was approximately 1/3 for all photocurrent levels while the optimum reverse bias increased linearly with photocurrent. A simple analytical model that explains these observations is developed. A high up-converted power of ${-}4.7$ dBm was achieved at 60 GHz and photocurrent of 70 mA. The maximum up-converted power is primarily limited by the saturation characteristic of the photodiode.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. M. Tsuchiya, T. Hoshida, "Nonlinear photodetection scheme and its system applications to fiber-optic millimeter-wave wireless down-links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1342-1350 (1999).
  2. H. Fushimi, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, H. Ito, "Photoresponse nonlinearity of a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode and its application to optoelectronic millimeter-wave mixing in 60 GHz band," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L966-L968 (2004).
  3. F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, J.-W. Shi, "Near-ballistic unitraveling-carrier photodiode-based V-band optoelectronic mixers with low upconversion loss and high operation current performance under optical IF signal injection," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 30, 21-23 (2009).
  4. H. Pan, P. D. Yoder, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "A high-linearity modified uni-traveling carrier photodiode with offset effects of nonlinear capacitance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4435-4439 (2009).
  5. K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Design considerations for high-current photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1443-1454 (1999).
  6. X. Wang, N. Duan, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "InGaAs-InP photodiodes with high responsivity and high saturation power," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1272-1274 (2007).
  7. H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "Characterization and optimization of high-power InGaAs/InP photodiodes," Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 41-46 (2008).
  8. H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, "Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, 191-8 (2005).
  9. H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "The frequency behavior of the intermodulation distortions of modified uni-traveling carrier photodiodes based on modulated voltage measurements," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 273-277 (2009).
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  13. A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, T. Nagatsuma, "10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 1725-1731 (2006).
  14. H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, P. D. Yoder, "The influence of nonlinear capacitance on the linearity of a modified uni-traveling carrier photodiode," Proc. 2008 Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (2008) pp. 82-85.

2009

F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, J.-W. Shi, "Near-ballistic unitraveling-carrier photodiode-based V-band optoelectronic mixers with low upconversion loss and high operation current performance under optical IF signal injection," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 30, 21-23 (2009).

H. Pan, P. D. Yoder, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "A high-linearity modified uni-traveling carrier photodiode with offset effects of nonlinear capacitance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4435-4439 (2009).

H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "The frequency behavior of the intermodulation distortions of modified uni-traveling carrier photodiodes based on modulated voltage measurements," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 273-277 (2009).

2008

H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "Characterization and optimization of high-power InGaAs/InP photodiodes," Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 41-46 (2008).

2007

S. A. Malyshev, A. L. Chizh, "p-i-n photodiodes for frequency mixing in radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Tech. 25, 3236-3243 (2007).

J. L. Beutler, C. S. Clauss, M. S. Johnson, A. R. Hawkins, M. D. Jack, G. R. Chapman, K. Kosai, "Frequency response of solid-state impact ionization multipliers," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023117 (2007).

X. Wang, N. Duan, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "InGaAs-InP photodiodes with high responsivity and high saturation power," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1272-1274 (2007).

2006

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, T. Nagatsuma, "10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 1725-1731 (2006).

2005

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, "Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, 191-8 (2005).

2004

H. Fushimi, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, H. Ito, "Photoresponse nonlinearity of a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode and its application to optoelectronic millimeter-wave mixing in 60 GHz band," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L966-L968 (2004).

1999

M. Tsuchiya, T. Hoshida, "Nonlinear photodetection scheme and its system applications to fiber-optic millimeter-wave wireless down-links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1342-1350 (1999).

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Design considerations for high-current photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1443-1454 (1999).

1990

M. Dentan, B. de Cremoux, "Numerical simulation of the nonlinear response of a p-i-n photodiode under high illumination," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1137-1144 (1990).

IEEE Electron Device Lett.

F.-M. Kuo, Y.-S. Wu, J.-W. Shi, "Near-ballistic unitraveling-carrier photodiode-based V-band optoelectronic mixers with low upconversion loss and high operation current performance under optical IF signal injection," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 30, 21-23 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "The frequency behavior of the intermodulation distortions of modified uni-traveling carrier photodiodes based on modulated voltage measurements," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 273-277 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Wang, N. Duan, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "InGaAs-InP photodiodes with high responsivity and high saturation power," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1272-1274 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

M. Tsuchiya, T. Hoshida, "Nonlinear photodetection scheme and its system applications to fiber-optic millimeter-wave wireless down-links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1342-1350 (1999).

J. Appl. Phys.

J. L. Beutler, C. S. Clauss, M. S. Johnson, A. R. Hawkins, M. D. Jack, G. R. Chapman, K. Kosai, "Frequency response of solid-state impact ionization multipliers," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023117 (2007).

J. Lightw. Tech.

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, T. Nagatsuma, "10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 1725-1731 (2006).

S. A. Malyshev, A. L. Chizh, "p-i-n photodiodes for frequency mixing in radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Tech. 25, 3236-3243 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

H. Pan, P. D. Yoder, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "A high-linearity modified uni-traveling carrier photodiode with offset effects of nonlinear capacitance," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4435-4439 (2009).

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, "Design considerations for high-current photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1443-1454 (1999).

M. Dentan, B. de Cremoux, "Numerical simulation of the nonlinear response of a p-i-n photodiode under high illumination," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1137-1144 (1990).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

H. Fushimi, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, H. Ito, "Photoresponse nonlinearity of a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode and its application to optoelectronic millimeter-wave mixing in 60 GHz band," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L966-L968 (2004).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, "Characterization and optimization of high-power InGaAs/InP photodiodes," Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 41-46 (2008).

Semicond. Sci. Technol.

H. Ito, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, T. Ishibashi, "Continuous THz-wave generation using antenna-integrated uni-travelling-carrier photodiodes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, 191-8 (2005).

Other

H. Pan, A. Beling, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, P. D. Yoder, "The influence of nonlinear capacitance on the linearity of a modified uni-traveling carrier photodiode," Proc. 2008 Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (2008) pp. 82-85.

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