Abstract

In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel tunable optical dispersion compensator (TODC). Dispersion compensation is achieved by splitting the input signal between two dispersive media and adding the resulting signals thereafter. Tunable compensation is attained by controlling the power splitting ratio of the input signal between both dispersive media. The frequency response of the TODC is theoretically assessed considering signal addition in the optical and electrical domains. The latter case is enabled by using optical single sideband (OSSB) modulation, which allows preserving the phase information of dispersive media output signals after direct detection. This is the only case experimentally tested, since it avoids stability problems related with coherent addition of optical signals. A TODC with a tuning range of ${-}340$ to 0 ps/nm was designed and experimentally assessed for a 40 Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero OSSB signal. The tunable power splitter consisted of an automatic polarization controller and a polarization beam splitter, which offered a tuning time lower than 150 $\mu$s. A bit error rate lower than $10^{-8}$ was measured on the entire compensation range with a maximum power penalty of 3.3 dB relatively to an SSB signal in back-to-back.

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
  2. T. N. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, P. B. Hansen, T. A. Strasser, "Dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s using a tunable fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 173-175 (2000).
  3. W. Hatton, M. Nishimura, "Temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion in single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1552-1555 (1986).
  4. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623-1625 (1999).
  5. K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, K. Moriwaki, "Planar lightwave circuit dispersion equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2003-2011 (1996).
  6. H. Kawashima, N. Matsubara, K. Nara, "Tunable dispersion compensator using PLC type optical transversal filter," Furukawa Rev. 29, 13-18 (2006).
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  8. Y. J. Lee, J. Bae, K. Lee, J.-M. Jeong, S.-B. Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).
  9. S. Cao, C. Lin, G. Barbarossa, C. A. Y. C. Yang, "Dynamically tunable dispersion slope compensation using a virtually imaged phased array (VIPA)," Proc. Adv. Semicond. Lasers Appl./Ultraviolet Blue Lasers Their Appl./Ultralong Haul DWDM Transmiss. Netw./WDM Compon., Dig. LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2001) pp. 2.
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  11. M. Sieben, J. Conradi, D. E. Dodds, "Optical single sideband transmission at 10 Gb/s using only electrical dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1742-1749 (1999).
  12. K. Yonenaga, N. Takachio, "A fiber chromatic dispersion compensation technique with an optical SSB transmission in optical homodyne detection systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949-951 (1993).
  13. D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "On the use of electrical precompensation of dispersion in optical single-sideband transmission systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 603-614 (2006).
  14. D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Adaptive optoelectronic filter for improved optical single sideband generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 415-417 (2006).
  15. D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Optical single-sideband transmitter for various electrical signaling formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2059-2069 (2006).
  16. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimised square passband fibre Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).
  17. K. Benjamin, H. Ariya, M. Vitali, Z. Hongbin, S. David, N. Reinhold, "Robust, wavelength and temperature-insensitive 14 krad/s endless polarization tracking over 2.5 grad," Optical Fiber Communications Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper JThA63.

2008 (1)

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, "Tunable optical dispersion compensator with increased bandwidth via connection of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer to an arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 560-562 (2008).

2007 (1)

Y. J. Lee, J. Bae, K. Lee, J.-M. Jeong, S.-B. Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).

2006 (4)

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "On the use of electrical precompensation of dispersion in optical single-sideband transmission systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 603-614 (2006).

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Adaptive optoelectronic filter for improved optical single sideband generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 415-417 (2006).

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Optical single-sideband transmitter for various electrical signaling formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2059-2069 (2006).

H. Kawashima, N. Matsubara, K. Nara, "Tunable dispersion compensator using PLC type optical transversal filter," Furukawa Rev. 29, 13-18 (2006).

2000 (2)

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, B. Mikkelsen, "Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1418-1432 (2000).

T. N. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, P. B. Hansen, T. A. Strasser, "Dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s using a tunable fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 173-175 (2000).

1999 (2)

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623-1625 (1999).

M. Sieben, J. Conradi, D. E. Dodds, "Optical single sideband transmission at 10 Gb/s using only electrical dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1742-1749 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimised square passband fibre Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).

1996 (1)

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, K. Moriwaki, "Planar lightwave circuit dispersion equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2003-2011 (1996).

1993 (1)

K. Yonenaga, N. Takachio, "A fiber chromatic dispersion compensation technique with an optical SSB transmission in optical homodyne detection systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949-951 (1993).

1986 (1)

W. Hatton, M. Nishimura, "Temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion in single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1552-1555 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimised square passband fibre Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).

Furukawa Rev. (1)

H. Kawashima, N. Matsubara, K. Nara, "Tunable dispersion compensator using PLC type optical transversal filter," Furukawa Rev. 29, 13-18 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "On the use of electrical precompensation of dispersion in optical single-sideband transmission systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 603-614 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Adaptive optoelectronic filter for improved optical single sideband generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 415-417 (2006).

C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, "Tunable optical dispersion compensator with increased bandwidth via connection of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer to an arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 560-562 (2008).

K. Yonenaga, N. Takachio, "A fiber chromatic dispersion compensation technique with an optical SSB transmission in optical homodyne detection systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 949-951 (1993).

Y. J. Lee, J. Bae, K. Lee, J.-M. Jeong, S.-B. Lee, "Tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensator using strain-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 762-764 (2007).

T. N. Nielsen, B. J. Eggleton, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, P. B. Hansen, T. A. Strasser, "Dynamic post dispersion optimization at 40 Gb/s using a tunable fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 173-175 (2000).

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez, R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filters for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1623-1625 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto, K. Moriwaki, "Planar lightwave circuit dispersion equalizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2003-2011 (1996).

W. Hatton, M. Nishimura, "Temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion in single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1552-1555 (1986).

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, B. Mikkelsen, "Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1418-1432 (2000).

M. Sieben, J. Conradi, D. E. Dodds, "Optical single sideband transmission at 10 Gb/s using only electrical dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1742-1749 (1999).

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Optical single-sideband transmitter for various electrical signaling formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2059-2069 (2006).

Other (3)

K. Benjamin, H. Ariya, M. Vitali, Z. Hongbin, S. David, N. Reinhold, "Robust, wavelength and temperature-insensitive 14 krad/s endless polarization tracking over 2.5 grad," Optical Fiber Communications Conf. San DiegoCA (2009) Paper JThA63.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).

S. Cao, C. Lin, G. Barbarossa, C. A. Y. C. Yang, "Dynamically tunable dispersion slope compensation using a virtually imaged phased array (VIPA)," Proc. Adv. Semicond. Lasers Appl./Ultraviolet Blue Lasers Their Appl./Ultralong Haul DWDM Transmiss. Netw./WDM Compon., Dig. LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2001) pp. 2.

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