Abstract

A novel method is proposed to realize compact, high-performance optical buffering application based on the polymer-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguide. By adjusting the radii of the first two rows of holes adjacent to the defect, the negligible dispersion bandwidth ranging from 2.8 nm to 13.8 nm and the corresponding constant group velocity are obtained, which are suitable for the requirement of optical buffers. Then the buffer capability and dynamic modulation of dispersion engineering waveguide are systemically studied. The simulation shows that the center wavelength shift, delay time and storage capacity increase almost linearly as the applied voltage increases. And the modulation sensitivities are about 0.386 nm/V, 0.8 ps/V and 0.37 bit/V, respectively. These results show that the proposed structure has considerable potential for optical buffering application.

© 2010 IEEE

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2009

2008

T. F. Krauss, "Why do we need slow light?," Nat. Photon. 2, 448-450 (2008).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6227-6232 (2008).

J.-M. Brosi, C. Koos, L. C. Andreani, M. Waldow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, "High-speed low-voltage electro-optic modulator with a polymer-infiltrated silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Exp. 16, 4177-4191 (2008).

2007

G. Wang, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, A. Scherer, "Design and fabrication of segmented, slotted waveguides for electro-optic modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143109-3 (2007).

M. Roussey, F. I. Baida, M.-P. Bernal, "Experimental and theoretical observations of the slow-light effect on a tunable photonic crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 1416-1422 (2007).

2006

L. H. Frandsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, J. Fage-Pedersen, P. I. Borel, "Photonic crystal waveguides with semi-slow light and tailored dispersion properties," Opt. Exp. 14, 9444-9450 (2006).

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. Ikeda, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 1658-1672 (2006).

2005

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).

M. Tinker, J. B. Lee, "Thermal and optical simulation of a photonic crystal light modulator based on the thermo-optic shift of the cut-off frequency," Opt. Exp. 13, 7174-7188 (2005).

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers: Capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005).

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. Van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903- (2005).

H. Rigneault, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Delalande, A. Levenson, La Nanophotonique (2005).

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, G. Wang, R. Lawson, Y. Liao, P. Sullivan, L. Dalton, A. Jen, A. Scherer, "Optical modulation and detection in slotted silicon waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 5216-5226 (2005).

2004

A. Y. Petrov, M. Eich, "Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866-4868 (2004).

2003

S. Guo, S. Albin, "Simple plane wave implementation for photonic crystal calculations," Opt. Exp. 11, 167-175 (2003).

1999

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751- (1999).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Y. Petrov, M. Eich, "Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866-4868 (2004).

G. Wang, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, A. Scherer, "Design and fabrication of segmented, slotted waveguides for electro-optic modulation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143109-3 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers: Capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

M. Roussey, F. I. Baida, M.-P. Bernal, "Experimental and theoretical observations of the slow-light effect on a tunable photonic crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 1416-1422 (2007).

La Nanophotonique

H. Rigneault, J. M. Lourtioz, C. Delalande, A. Levenson, La Nanophotonique (2005).

Nat. Photon.

T. F. Krauss, "Why do we need slow light?," Nat. Photon. 2, 448-450 (2008).

Nature

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).

Opt. Exp.

M. Tinker, J. B. Lee, "Thermal and optical simulation of a photonic crystal light modulator based on the thermo-optic shift of the cut-off frequency," Opt. Exp. 13, 7174-7188 (2005).

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. Ikeda, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 1658-1672 (2006).

L. H. Frandsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, J. Fage-Pedersen, P. I. Borel, "Photonic crystal waveguides with semi-slow light and tailored dispersion properties," Opt. Exp. 14, 9444-9450 (2006).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6227-6232 (2008).

J.-M. Brosi, C. Koos, L. C. Andreani, M. Waldow, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, "High-speed low-voltage electro-optic modulator with a polymer-infiltrated silicon photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Exp. 16, 4177-4191 (2008).

T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, G. Wang, R. Lawson, Y. Liao, P. Sullivan, L. Dalton, A. Jen, A. Scherer, "Optical modulation and detection in slotted silicon waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 5216-5226 (2005).

S. Guo, S. Albin, "Simple plane wave implementation for photonic crystal calculations," Opt. Exp. 11, 167-175 (2003).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751- (1999).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. Van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903- (2005).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, MyiLibrary, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Springer, 2001).

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