Abstract

The nonlinear operation regimes of quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers (QD-SOAs) are investigated and the ideal filter providing the best all-optical wavelength conversion efficiency is derived theoretically. Results are confirmed by experiments with ${\rm Q}^{2}$-factors amounting to 16 dB.

© 2010 IEEE

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  7. Y. Liu, "Error-free 320 Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).
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  42. R. P. Webb, X Yang, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. Poustie, S. Lardenois, D. Cotter, "All-optical binary pattern recognition at 42 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2240-2245 (2009).
  43. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Su, J. Leuthold, "40-Gb/s return-to-zero alternate-mark-inversion (RZ-AMI) transmission over 2000 km," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 766-768 (2003).
  44. K. Inoue, "Noise transfer function characteristics in wavelength conversion based on cross-gain saturation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 888-890 (1996).
  45. S. I. Pegg, M. J. Fice, M. Adams, A. Hadjifotiou, "Noise in wavelength conversion by cross gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Letters 11, 724-726 (1999).
  46. L. V. Asryan, R. A. Suris, "Inhomogeneous line broadening and the threshold current density of a semiconductor quantum dot laser," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 554-565 (1996).
  47. A. Yariv, "Signal-to-noise considerations in fiber links with periodic or distributed optical amplification," Opt. Lett. 15, 1064-1066 (1990).
  48. D. F. Geraghty, R. B. Lee, M. Verdiell, M. Ziari, A. Mathur, K. J. Vahala, "Wavelength conversion for WDM communication systems using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1146-1155 (1997).

2009 (1)

R. P. Webb, X Yang, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. Poustie, S. Lardenois, D. Cotter, "All-optical binary pattern recognition at 42 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2240-2245 (2009).

2008 (3)

S. Sygletos, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, "Technological challenges on the road toward transparent networks," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 321-350 (2008).

T. Valaitis, C. Koos, R. Bonk, W. Freude, M. Laemmlin, C. Meuer, D. Bimberg, J. Leuthold, "Slow and fast dynamics of gain and phase in a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Exp. 16, 170-178 (2008).

O. Raz, "Non-inverted multiple wavelength converter at 40 Gbit/s using 1550 nm quantum dot SOA," Electron Lett. 44, 988-989 (2008).

2007 (4)

J. Wang, A. Marculescu, J. Li, P. Vorreau, S. Tsadok, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Pattern effect removal technique for semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based wavelength conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1955-1957 (2007).

Y. Liu, "Error-free 320 Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

J. Wang, A. Maitra, C. G. Poulton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Temporal dynamics of the alpha factor in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 891-900 (2007).

F. Lelarge, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 $\mu$m," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 111-124 (2007).

2006 (2)

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

Y. Liu, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

2005 (3)

Y. Liu, "80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high speed SOA-based all-optical switches," Opt. Exp. 14, 331-347 (2005).

A. V. Uskov, E. P. O'Reilly, M. Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, "On gain saturation in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 248, 211-219 (2005).

2004 (9)

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, Y. Nakata, "Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Phys. Rev. B 69, 1-39 (2004).

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "On the noise properties of linear and nonlinear quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers: The impact of inhomogeneously broadened gain and fast carrier dynamics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 690-702 (2004).

T. W. Berg, J. Mork, J. M. Hvam, "Gain dynamics and saturation in semiconductor quantum dot amplifiers," New. J. Phys. 6, 178-184 (2004).

A. V. Uskov, E. P. O'Reilly, R. J. Manning, R. P. Webb, D. Cotter, M. Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, "On ultrafast switching based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers in nonlinear interferometers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1265-1267 (2004).

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1606-1619 (2004).

C. Dorrer, I. Kang, "Real-time implementation of linear spectrograms for the characterization of high bit-rate optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858-860 (2004).

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, J. Mørk, "Theory of pulse train amplification without patterning effects in quantum dot optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306-320 (2004).

2003 (4)

A. Bilenca, R. Alizon, V. Mikhlashhvili, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, "Broad-band wavelength conversion based on cross gain modulation and four wave mixing in InAs- InP quantum dash semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 563-565 (2003).

A. V. Uskov, J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, T. W. Berg, I. Magnusdottir, E. P. O'Reilly, "On high-speed cross gain modulation without pattern effects in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 227, 363-369 (2003).

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Su, J. Leuthold, "40-Gb/s return-to-zero alternate-mark-inversion (RZ-AMI) transmission over 2000 km," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 766-768 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, H. Ishikawa, "Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160 Gb/s and a new scheme of 3R regenerators," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683-1691 (2002).

T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, "Symmetric highly efficient (${\sim} {\hbox {0}}$ dB) wavelength conversion based on four wave mixing in quantum dot optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1139-1141 (2002).

2001 (2)

J. Leuthold, "All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939-952 (2001).

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

2000 (1)

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorf, M.-H. Mao, D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast gain dynamics in InAs-InGaAs quantum dot amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 594-596 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. I. Pegg, M. J. Fice, M. Adams, A. Hadjifotiou, "Noise in wavelength conversion by cross gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Letters 11, 724-726 (1999).

1998 (1)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tarima, S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).

1997 (2)

A. Mecozzi, J. Mork, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).

D. F. Geraghty, R. B. Lee, M. Verdiell, M. Ziari, A. Mathur, K. J. Vahala, "Wavelength conversion for WDM communication systems using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1146-1155 (1997).

1996 (3)

L. V. Asryan, R. A. Suris, "Inhomogeneous line broadening and the threshold current density of a semiconductor quantum dot laser," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 554-565 (1996).

K. Inoue, "Noise transfer function characteristics in wavelength conversion based on cross-gain saturation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 888-890 (1996).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

1990 (2)

Electron Lett. (1)

O. Raz, "Non-inverted multiple wavelength converter at 40 Gbit/s using 1550 nm quantum dot SOA," Electron Lett. 44, 988-989 (2008).

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).

IEE Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Liu, "80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter," IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, J. Mørk, "Theory of pulse train amplification without patterning effects in quantum dot optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306-320 (2004).

A. Mecozzi, J. Mork, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "On the noise properties of linear and nonlinear quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers: The impact of inhomogeneously broadened gain and fast carrier dynamics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 690-702 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. F. Geraghty, R. B. Lee, M. Verdiell, M. Ziari, A. Mathur, K. J. Vahala, "Wavelength conversion for WDM communication systems using four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1146-1155 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Lelarge, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 $\mu$m," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 111-124 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (11)

A. V. Uskov, E. P. O'Reilly, R. J. Manning, R. P. Webb, D. Cotter, M. Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, "On ultrafast switching based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers in nonlinear interferometers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1265-1267 (2004).

J. Wang, A. Marculescu, J. Li, P. Vorreau, S. Tsadok, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Pattern effect removal technique for semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based wavelength conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1955-1957 (2007).

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tarima, S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorf, M.-H. Mao, D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast gain dynamics in InAs-InGaAs quantum dot amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 594-596 (2000).

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

A. Bilenca, R. Alizon, V. Mikhlashhvili, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, R. Schwertberger, D. Gold, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, "Broad-band wavelength conversion based on cross gain modulation and four wave mixing in InAs- InP quantum dash semiconductor optical amplifiers operating at 1550 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 563-565 (2003).

T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, "Symmetric highly efficient (${\sim} {\hbox {0}}$ dB) wavelength conversion based on four wave mixing in quantum dot optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1139-1141 (2002).

P. Vorreau, A. Marculescu, J. Wang, G. Bottger, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schmidt, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Cascadability and regenerative properties of SOA all-optical DPSK wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1970-1972 (2006).

C. Dorrer, I. Kang, "Real-time implementation of linear spectrograms for the characterization of high bit-rate optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858-860 (2004).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Su, J. Leuthold, "40-Gb/s return-to-zero alternate-mark-inversion (RZ-AMI) transmission over 2000 km," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 766-768 (2003).

K. Inoue, "Noise transfer function characteristics in wavelength conversion based on cross-gain saturation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 888-890 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Letters (1)

S. I. Pegg, M. J. Fice, M. Adams, A. Hadjifotiou, "Noise in wavelength conversion by cross gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Letters 11, 724-726 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

R. P. Webb, X Yang, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, A. Poustie, S. Lardenois, D. Cotter, "All-optical binary pattern recognition at 42 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2240-2245 (2009).

Y. Liu, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

Y. Liu, "Error-free 320 Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion using a single semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 103-108 (2007).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).

J. Wang, A. Maitra, C. G. Poulton, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Temporal dynamics of the alpha factor in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 891-900 (2007).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1606-1619 (2004).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, H. Ishikawa, "Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160 Gb/s and a new scheme of 3R regenerators," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683-1691 (2002).

New. J. Phys. (1)

T. W. Berg, J. Mork, J. M. Hvam, "Gain dynamics and saturation in semiconductor quantum dot amplifiers," New. J. Phys. 6, 178-184 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. V. Uskov, E. P. O'Reilly, M. Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, "On gain saturation in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 248, 211-219 (2005).

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C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, P. J. Winzer, L. Stultz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. Pafcheck, "Simple multi-channel optical equalizer for mitigating intersymbol interference," Proc. OFC'03 .

J. Wang, A. Marculescu, J. Li, Z. Zhang, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "All-optical vestigial-sideband signal generation and pattern effect mitigation with an SOA based red-shift optical filter wavelength converter," Proc. 34th European Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'08) (2008).

A. Marculescu, J. Wang, J. Li, P. Vorreau, S. Zadok, S. Ben Ezra, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Pattern effect removal technique for semiconductor optical amplifier-based wavelength conversion," Proc. 33th European Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'07) (2007).

R. Bonk, P. Vorreau, S. Sygletos, T. Vallaitis, J. Wang, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, R. Brenot, F. Lelarge, G. H. Duan, C. Meuer, S. Liebich, M. Laemmlin, D. Bimberg, "An interferometric configuration for performing cross gain modulation with improved signal quality," Proc. Opt. Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC'08) (2008).

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, K. Kitayama, "160 Gb/s cross gain modulation in quantum dot SOA at 1550 nm," Proc. 35th ECOC (2009).

J. Leuthold, J. Wang, T. Vallaitis, Ch. Koos, R. Bonk, A. Marculescu, P. Vorreau, S. Sygletos, W. Freude, "New approaches to perform all-optical signal regeneration," Proc. ICTON'07 (2007) pp. 222-225.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, Y. Arakawa, "Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. IEEE (2006) pp. 1757-1766.

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength converter based on a pulse reformatting optical filter," Proc. OFC'03 .

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