Abstract

Compensating for intercarrier nonlinear distortion allows launching higher power into the transmission fiber and it leads to an increase in the transmission distance. Numerical calculations show that the launch power is increased by 10 dB and the maximum transmission distance is more than tripled, when the optical repeater spacing of 80 km, dispersion-shifted fiber, and signal format of 10 Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero are assumed. It is experimentally demonstrated that waveform distortion due to the four-wave mixing (FWM) among different carriers in wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) becomes deterministic by phase-locking optical carriers and that FWM distortion can be compensated at 5 Gb/s with three-channel condition by employing DSP at the transmitter or receiver.

© 2010 IEEE

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  9. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "10$\,\times\,$121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP2.
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2007 (3)

A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity mitigation in optical links that use OFDM for dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 19, 1556-1558 (2007).

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, "Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM," Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett 43, 729-730 (2007).

W. Shie, X. Yi, Y. Tang, "Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000 km SSMF fibre," Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett. 43, 183-184 (2007).

2006 (1)

K. Roberts, C. Li, L. Strawczynski, M. O'Sullivan, I. Hardcastle, "Electronic precompensation of optical nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett 18, 403-405 (2006).

2005 (2)

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical path networks managing multigranularity optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).

A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, "Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 504-506 (2005).

2003 (1)

K.-P. Ho, "The optimal compensator for nonlinear phase noise," Opt. Commun. 221, 419-425 (2003).

1996 (1)

S. Watanabe, M. Shirasaki, "Exact compensation for both chromatic dispersion and Kerr effect in a transmission fiber using optical phase conjugation," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 243-248 (1996).

1993 (1)

S. Watanabe, T. Chikama, G. Ishikawa, T. Terahara, H. Kuwahara, "Compensation of pulse shape distortion due to chromatic dispersion and Kerr effect by optical phase conjugation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1241-1243 (1993).

1980 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, R. I. MacDonald, "CW three wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098-5106 (1978).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett (1)

K. Roberts, C. Li, L. Strawczynski, M. O'Sullivan, I. Hardcastle, "Electronic precompensation of optical nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett 18, 403-405 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (2)

A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity mitigation in optical links that use OFDM for dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 19, 1556-1558 (2007).

A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, "Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 504-506 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Watanabe, T. Chikama, G. Ishikawa, T. Terahara, H. Kuwahara, "Compensation of pulse shape distortion due to chromatic dispersion and Kerr effect by optical phase conjugation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1241-1243 (1993).

Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett (1)

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, "Performance of nonlinear interchannel crosstalk pre-compensation at zero-dispersion wavelength using carrier phase-locked WDM," Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett 43, 729-730 (2007).

Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shie, X. Yi, Y. Tang, "Transmission experiment of multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000 km SSMF fibre," Inst. Electr. Eng. Electron. Lett. 43, 183-184 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, R. I. MacDonald, "CW three wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098-5106 (1978).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical path networks managing multigranularity optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).

S. Watanabe, M. Shirasaki, "Exact compensation for both chromatic dispersion and Kerr effect in a transmission fiber using optical phase conjugation," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 243-248 (1996).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K.-P. Ho, "The optimal compensator for nonlinear phase noise," Opt. Commun. 221, 419-425 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (21)

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, E. de Man, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "10$\,\times\,$111 Gbit/s, 50 GHz spaced, POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over 2375 km emplying coherent equalization," presented at the OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP22.

D. S. Ly-Gagnon, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Coherent demodulation of differential 8-phase-shift keying with optical phase diversity and digital signal processing," Proc. LEOS (2004) pp. 607-608.

F. Inuzuka, E. Yamazaki, Y. Kazushige, A. Takada, "Nonlinear inter-channel crosstalk compensation using electronic pre-distortion in carrier phase locked WDM," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper OTuO5.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, Y. Miyamoto, "Nonlinearity compensation in WDM transmission," LEOS Summer Topicals (2008) pp. 165-166.

G. Charlet, N. Maaref, J. Renaudier, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Transmission of 40 Gb/s QPSK with coherent detection over ultra-long distance improved by nonlinearity mitigation," ECOC CannesFrance (2006) Paper Th4.3.4.

K. Kikuchi, M. Fukase, S. Kim, "Electronic postcompensation for nonlinear phase noise in a 1000-km 20-/s optical QPSK transmission system using the homodyne receiver with digital signal processing," OFC Los AngelesCA (2007) Paper OTuA2.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electric dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OThJ2.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, "Nonlinear inter-channel crosstalk compensation in carrier-phase-locked WDM," ECOC CannesFrance (2006) Paper Th3.2.3.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, "Compensation of WDM crosstalk in optical fiber transmission using carrier phase locking," Proc. 2007 IEICE Gen.Conf. pp. S-61-S-62.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, H. Yamazaki, "Novel no-guard-interval PDM CO-OFDM transmission in 4.1 Tb/s (50$\,\times\,$88.8-Gb/s) DWDM link over 800 km SMF including 50-GHz spaced ROADM nodes," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP8.

H. Takahashi, A. A. Amin, S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "8$\,\times\,$66.8-Gbit/s coherent PDM-OFDM transmission over 640 km of SSMF at 5.6-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency," ECOC BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Th.3.E.4.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, S. Matuoka, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, M. Mizoguchi, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, H. Yamazaki, S. Kamei, H. Ishii, "13.4-Tb/s (134$\,\times\,$111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 3 600 km of SMF with 19-ps average PMD," ECOC BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Th.3.E.1.

G. Charlet, M. Salsi, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, J. Renaudier, S. Bigo, M. Astruc, P. Sillard, L. Provost, F. Cerou, "Transmission of 16.4 Tbit/s capacity over 2 550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver," ECOC BrusselsBelgium (2008) Paper Th.3.E.3.

J. X. Cai, O. V. Sinkin, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, A. J. Lucero, M. Nissov, A. N. Pilipetskii, W. W. Patterson, N. S. Bergano, "2.4 Tb/s (120$\,\times\,$20 Gb/s) transmission over transoceanic distance using optimum FEC overhead and 48% spectral efficiency," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP4.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "10$\,\times\,$121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP2.

X. Zhou, J. Yu, D. Qian, T. Wang, G. Zhang, P. D. Magill, "8$\,\times\,$114 Gb/s, 25-GHz-spaced, PolMux-RZ-8PSK transmission over 640 km of SSMF employing digital coherent detection and EDFA-only amplification," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP1.

E. Yamada, A. Sano, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, K. Yonenaga, Y. Miyamoto, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, T. Yamada, H. Yamazaki, "1 Tb/s (111 Gb/s/ch$\,\times\,$10 ch) CO-OFDM transmission over 2100 km DSF with 50 GHz spacing," OECC SydneyN.S.W.Australia (2008) Paper PDP6.

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, H. Margoyan, P. Tran, O. B. Pardo, F. Verluise, M. Achnouche, A. Boutin, F. Blache, J. Y. Dupy, S. Bigo, "Transmission of 16.4 Tbit/s capacity over 2 550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver," OFC/NFOEC San DiegoCA (2008) Paper PDP3.

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. O'Sullivian, "Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) performance of a coherent 40 Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) transceiver," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP16.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4 160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP15.

G. Charlet, J. Rnaudier, M. Salshi, H. Margoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Efficient mitigation of fiber impairments in an ultra-long haul transmission of 40 Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed data, by digital processing in a cohrent receiver," OFC/NFOEC AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP17.

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