Abstract

The static and dynamic characteristics of digital wavelength switching in a novel V-coupled-cavity semiconductor laser is investigated. In contrast to previously investigated Y-laser, the V-shaped coupler can realize not only an optimum coupling coefficient but also a $\pi$-phase difference between the cross-coupling and self-coupling coefficients, which results in a high single-mode selectivity. It is shown that while switching to an optimal current value results in the maximal output power and maximal side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR), the digitally wavelength switchable laser has a good tolerance on the accuracy of the switching current. For a current deviation corresponding to ${\pm}25\hbox{\%}$ of the channel spacing, the SMSR only degrades by about 5.2 dB, while the wavelength varies by only ${\pm}0.01$ nm from the set value for the case of 0.8 nm channel spacing. The dynamic properties including the switching transients and switching delay are also investigated and discussed.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
  2. L. Coldren, "Monolithic tunable diode lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 988-999 (2000).
  3. G. Fish, K. Affolter, "Tunable lasers and their impact on optical networks," Communications Design Conf. San JoseCA (2002).
  4. H. Kobrinski, "Fast wavelength-switching of laser transmitters and amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1190-1202 (1990).
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  7. Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Ishii, "Broad-range wavelength-tunable superstructure grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1817-1823 (1993).
  8. R. C. Alferness, U. Koren, L. L. Buhl, "Broadly tunable InGaAsP/InP laser based on a vertical coupler filter with 57-nm tuning range," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3209-3211 (1992).
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  14. L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of the three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).
  15. Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Fast intra-modal and inter-modal wavelength switching of a high-speed SG-DBR laser for dynamic wavelength routing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 641-652 (2001).
  16. C.-H. Yeh, C.-C. Lee, S. Chi, "Fast wavelength switching based on a Fabry–Perot laser pair using optical injection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3454-3455 (2004).
  17. F. Smyth, E. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, L. P. Barry, "Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry–Perot structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2105-2107 (2006).
  18. J.-J. He, D. Liu, "Wavelength switchable semiconductor laser using half-wave V-coupled cavities," Opt. Exp. 16, 3896-3911 (2008).
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  22. S. Kai, Y. Yu, "Modeling of dynamics of DBR tunable lasers based on transfer matrix method," Proc. SPIE 6782, (2007).
  23. A. Dantcha, L. P. Barry, J. Murphy, J. Dunne, T. Mullane, D. McDonald, "BER performance in wavelength packet-switched WDM systems during nano-second wavelength switching events," Opt. Commun. 242, 171-177 (2004).
  24. B. Moeyersoon, G. Morthier, R. Bockstaele, R. Baets, "Improvement of the wavelength switching behavior of semiconductor tunable lasers through optical feedback from a periodic reference filter based on a novel prism-based implementation of a Fox-Smith resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1083-1085 (2005).

2008 (1)

J.-J. He, D. Liu, "Wavelength switchable semiconductor laser using half-wave V-coupled cavities," Opt. Exp. 16, 3896-3911 (2008).

2007 (1)

S. Kai, Y. Yu, "Modeling of dynamics of DBR tunable lasers based on transfer matrix method," Proc. SPIE 6782, (2007).

2006 (1)

F. Smyth, E. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, L. P. Barry, "Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry–Perot structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2105-2107 (2006).

2005 (1)

B. Moeyersoon, G. Morthier, R. Bockstaele, R. Baets, "Improvement of the wavelength switching behavior of semiconductor tunable lasers through optical feedback from a periodic reference filter based on a novel prism-based implementation of a Fox-Smith resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1083-1085 (2005).

2004 (4)

A. Dantcha, L. P. Barry, J. Murphy, J. Dunne, T. Mullane, D. McDonald, "BER performance in wavelength packet-switched WDM systems during nano-second wavelength switching events," Opt. Commun. 242, 171-177 (2004).

C.-H. Yeh, C.-C. Lee, S. Chi, "Fast wavelength switching based on a Fabry–Perot laser pair using optical injection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3454-3455 (2004).

E. Buimovich, D. Sadot, "Physical limitation of tuning time and system considerations in implementing fast tuning of GCSR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 582-588 (2004).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

2001 (1)

Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Fast intra-modal and inter-modal wavelength switching of a high-speed SG-DBR laser for dynamic wavelength routing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 641-652 (2001).

2000 (2)

L. Coldren, "Monolithic tunable diode lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 988-999 (2000).

D. Sadot, I. Elhanany, "Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).

1995 (1)

L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of the three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).

1993 (2)

Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Ishii, "Broad-range wavelength-tunable superstructure grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1817-1823 (1993).

O. Hildebrand, "The Y-laser: A multifunctional device for optical communication systems and switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2066-2074 (1993).

1992 (1)

R. C. Alferness, U. Koren, L. L. Buhl, "Broadly tunable InGaAsP/InP laser based on a vertical coupler filter with 57-nm tuning range," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3209-3211 (1992).

1990 (1)

H. Kobrinski, "Fast wavelength-switching of laser transmitters and amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1190-1202 (1990).

1985 (1)

W. T. Tsang, "The cleaved-coupled-cavity (C3) laser," Semiconductors and Semimetals 22, 257- (1985).

1981 (1)

L. A. Coldren, B. I. Miller, K. Iga, J. A. Rentschler, "Monolithic two-section GaInAsP/InP active-optical-resonator devices formed by reactive-ion-etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 315-317 (1981).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. C. Alferness, U. Koren, L. L. Buhl, "Broadly tunable InGaAsP/InP laser based on a vertical coupler filter with 57-nm tuning range," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3209-3211 (1992).

L. A. Coldren, B. I. Miller, K. Iga, J. A. Rentschler, "Monolithic two-section GaInAsP/InP active-optical-resonator devices formed by reactive-ion-etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 315-317 (1981).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Ishii, "Broad-range wavelength-tunable superstructure grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1817-1823 (1993).

L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of the three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

H. Kobrinski, "Fast wavelength-switching of laser transmitters and amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1190-1202 (1990).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Coldren, "Monolithic tunable diode lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 988-999 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

D. Sadot, I. Elhanany, "Optical switching speed requirements for terabit/second packet over WDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 440-442 (2000).

F. Smyth, E. Connolly, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, P. Lambkin, L. P. Barry, "Fast wavelength switching lasers using two-section slotted Fabry–Perot structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2105-2107 (2006).

B. Moeyersoon, G. Morthier, R. Bockstaele, R. Baets, "Improvement of the wavelength switching behavior of semiconductor tunable lasers through optical feedback from a periodic reference filter based on a novel prism-based implementation of a Fox-Smith resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1083-1085 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

O. Hildebrand, "The Y-laser: A multifunctional device for optical communication systems and switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2066-2074 (1993).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

E. Buimovich, D. Sadot, "Physical limitation of tuning time and system considerations in implementing fast tuning of GCSR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 582-588 (2004).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C.-H. Yeh, C.-C. Lee, S. Chi, "Fast wavelength switching based on a Fabry–Perot laser pair using optical injection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3454-3455 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Dantcha, L. P. Barry, J. Murphy, J. Dunne, T. Mullane, D. McDonald, "BER performance in wavelength packet-switched WDM systems during nano-second wavelength switching events," Opt. Commun. 242, 171-177 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J.-J. He, D. Liu, "Wavelength switchable semiconductor laser using half-wave V-coupled cavities," Opt. Exp. 16, 3896-3911 (2008).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Fast intra-modal and inter-modal wavelength switching of a high-speed SG-DBR laser for dynamic wavelength routing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 641-652 (2001).

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Kai, Y. Yu, "Modeling of dynamics of DBR tunable lasers based on transfer matrix method," Proc. SPIE 6782, (2007).

Semiconductors and Semimetals (1)

W. T. Tsang, "The cleaved-coupled-cavity (C3) laser," Semiconductors and Semimetals 22, 257- (1985).

Other (6)

J. Wang, M. Li, J.-J. He, "Analysis of deep etched trench in planar optical waveguide by FDTD method," Asia Opt. Fiber Commun. Optoelectron. Conf. (2007).

J. Buus, M.-C. Amann, D. J. Blumenthal, Tunable Laser Diodes and Related Optical Sources (Wiley, 2005).

G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1986).

G. Fish, K. Affolter, "Tunable lasers and their impact on optical networks," Communications Design Conf. San JoseCA (2002).

J.-O. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, "State of the art performance of widely tunable modulated grating Y-branch lasers," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2004).

D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, P. J. Williams, R. A. Griffin, A. J. Ward, D. C. J. Reid, N. D. Whitbread, E. Barton, "A high power, broadband tuneable laser module based on a DS-DBR laser with integrated SOA," Opt. Fiber Commu. Conf. (2004).

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