Abstract

Integrated fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks provide a powerful platform to improve the throughput of peer-to-peer communication by enabling traffic to be sent from the source wireless client to an ingress optical network unit (ONU), then to the egress ONU close to the destination wireless client, and finally delivered to the destination wireless client. Such wireless-optical-wireless communication mode introduced by FiWi access networks can reduce the interference in wireless subnetwork, thus improving network throughput. With the support for direct inter-ONU communication in the optical subnetwork, throughput of peer-to-peer communication in a FiWi access network can be further improved. In this paper, we propose a novel hybrid wavelength division multiplexed/time division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM/TDM PON) architecture supporting direct inter-ONU communication, a corresponding decentralized dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) protocol for inter-ONU communication and an algorithm to dynamically select egress ONU. The complexity of the proposed architecture is analyzed and compared with other alternatives, and the efficiency of the proposed system is validated by the simulations.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. M. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A Survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).
  2. M. Maier, N. Ghazisaidi, M. Reisslein, "The audacity of fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks (invited paper)," Proc. ICST Int. Conf. Access Networks (2008) pp. 16-35.
  3. X. Wu, J. Liu, G. Chen, "Analysis of bottleneck delay and throughput in wireless mesh networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems (MASS) (2006) pp. 765-770.
  4. F. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUccess: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, (2004).
  5. Paulson, L. Dailey, "A new Wi-Fi for peer-to-peer communications," IEEE Comput. Soc. 41, 19-21 (2008).
  6. Z. Zheng, J. Wang, J. Wang, "A study of network throughput gain in optical-wireless (FiWi) networks subject to peer-to-peer communication," Proc. ICC (2009) pp. 1-6.
  7. J. Hasegawa, K. Nara, "Ultra low loss athermal AWG module with a large number of channels," Furukawa Rev. 26 (2004).
  8. H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Tiba, Y. Inoue, "Transmissions characteristic of arrayed waveguide $N\times N$ wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 407-433 (1995).
  9. Y. Su, "All-optical virtual-private-network in access networks," Proc. LEOS (2007) pp. 802-803.
  10. N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation techinique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
  11. A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer internetworking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).
  12. W. Chang, H. Lin, S. Hong, C. Lai, "A novel WDM EPON architecture with wavelength spatial reuse in high-speed access networks," Proc. 15th ICON (2007) pp. 155-160.
  13. Q. Zhao, C. Chan, "A wavelength-division-multipexed passive optical network with flexible optical network unit internetworking capability," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1970-1977 (2007).
  14. C. Bock, J. Prat, S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3981-3988 (2005).
  15. A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).
  16. A. Hadjiantonis, S. Sherif, A. Khalil, T. Rahman, G. Ellinas, M. F. Arend, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based passive optical network architecture," Proc. ICC (2004) pp. 1781-1785.
  17. S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).
  18. W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, C. Qiao, S. Yen, L. Kazovsky, "Reconfigurable optical backhaul and integrated routing algorithm for load balancing in hybrid optical-wireless access networks," Proc. ICC (2008) pp. 5697-5701.
  19. S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "DARA: Delay aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN)," Proc. ICC (2007) pp. 2480-2484.
  20. A. Reaz, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sarkar, D. Ghosal, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "CaDAR: An efficient routing algorithm for wireless-optical broadband access network," Proc. ICC (2008) pp. 5191-5195.
  21. W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, L. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access neteork," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).
  22. S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "RADAR: Risk-and-delay aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN)," Proc. OFC (2007) pp. 1-3.
  23. M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness (Freeman, 1979).
  24. N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Y. A. Raja, "Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 8, 683-685 (2004).
  25. A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, A. Shami, N. Ghani, "Adaptive fairness through intra-ONU scheduling for ethernet passive optical networks," Proc. ICC (2006) pp. 2687-2692.
  26. R. Jain, D. Chiu, W. Hawe, A quantitative measure of fairness and discrimination for resource allocation in shared computer systems DEC Research Report TR-301 (1984).

2009 (1)

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. M. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A Survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

2008 (1)

Paulson, L. Dailey, "A new Wi-Fi for peer-to-peer communications," IEEE Comput. Soc. 41, 19-21 (2008).

2007 (3)

Q. Zhao, C. Chan, "A wavelength-division-multipexed passive optical network with flexible optical network unit internetworking capability," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1970-1977 (2007).

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, L. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access neteork," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).

2006 (1)

A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer internetworking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

2005 (2)

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation techinique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3981-3988 (2005).

2004 (3)

F. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUccess: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, (2004).

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Y. A. Raja, "Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 8, 683-685 (2004).

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

1995 (1)

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Tiba, Y. Inoue, "Transmissions characteristic of arrayed waveguide $N\times N$ wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 407-433 (1995).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Y. A. Raja, "Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 8, 683-685 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. M. Assi, "Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A Survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

IEEE Comput. Soc. (1)

Paulson, L. Dailey, "A new Wi-Fi for peer-to-peer communications," IEEE Comput. Soc. 41, 19-21 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation techinique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).

A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broadband access and local customer internetworking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Tiba, Y. Inoue, "Transmissions characteristic of arrayed waveguide $N\times N$ wavelength multiplexer," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 407-433 (1995).

Q. Zhao, C. Chan, "A wavelength-division-multipexed passive optical network with flexible optical network unit internetworking capability," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1970-1977 (2007).

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3981-3988 (2005).

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, L. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access neteork," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).

F. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUccess: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, (2004).

Other (14)

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "RADAR: Risk-and-delay aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN)," Proc. OFC (2007) pp. 1-3.

M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness (Freeman, 1979).

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, A. Shami, N. Ghani, "Adaptive fairness through intra-ONU scheduling for ethernet passive optical networks," Proc. ICC (2006) pp. 2687-2692.

R. Jain, D. Chiu, W. Hawe, A quantitative measure of fairness and discrimination for resource allocation in shared computer systems DEC Research Report TR-301 (1984).

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, C. Qiao, S. Yen, L. Kazovsky, "Reconfigurable optical backhaul and integrated routing algorithm for load balancing in hybrid optical-wireless access networks," Proc. ICC (2008) pp. 5697-5701.

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "DARA: Delay aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN)," Proc. ICC (2007) pp. 2480-2484.

A. Reaz, V. Ramamurthi, S. Sarkar, D. Ghosal, S. Dixit, B. Mukherjee, "CaDAR: An efficient routing algorithm for wireless-optical broadband access network," Proc. ICC (2008) pp. 5191-5195.

A. Hadjiantonis, S. Sherif, A. Khalil, T. Rahman, G. Ellinas, M. F. Arend, M. A. Ali, "A novel decentralized ethernet-based passive optical network architecture," Proc. ICC (2004) pp. 1781-1785.

Y. Su, "All-optical virtual-private-network in access networks," Proc. LEOS (2007) pp. 802-803.

W. Chang, H. Lin, S. Hong, C. Lai, "A novel WDM EPON architecture with wavelength spatial reuse in high-speed access networks," Proc. 15th ICON (2007) pp. 155-160.

Z. Zheng, J. Wang, J. Wang, "A study of network throughput gain in optical-wireless (FiWi) networks subject to peer-to-peer communication," Proc. ICC (2009) pp. 1-6.

J. Hasegawa, K. Nara, "Ultra low loss athermal AWG module with a large number of channels," Furukawa Rev. 26 (2004).

M. Maier, N. Ghazisaidi, M. Reisslein, "The audacity of fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks (invited paper)," Proc. ICST Int. Conf. Access Networks (2008) pp. 16-35.

X. Wu, J. Liu, G. Chen, "Analysis of bottleneck delay and throughput in wireless mesh networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems (MASS) (2006) pp. 765-770.

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