Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a continuously tunable, all-optical packet buffer based on conversion dispersion delays. 40-Gb/s asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) packets with return-to-zero on–off keying data are buffered up to ten-packet length (116 ns). The packet buffer performance is characterized for several delay values. Power penalties of 3, 2, and 0.5 dB for zero-packet, five-packet, and ten-packet delays are achieved, respectively, at a bit error rate (BER) of $10^{- 9}$. Reconfiguration of the packet buffer is also investigated and reconfiguration times as fast as 25 ps are shown by using a high-speed optical switch to toggle between wavelength conversion pumps. The reconfiguration is also demonstrated for a 1 ns guard time between the packets. It is observed that reconfiguration with this method results in ${\sim} {\hbox {1.1}}$ and ${\sim} {\hbox {2}}$ dB extra power penalty at $10^{- 9}$ BER for 1 and 25 ps guard times, respectively.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
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  7. C. Tian, C. Wu, Z. Li, N. Guo, "Dual-wavelength packets buffering in dual-loop optical buffer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 578-580 (2008).
  8. A. Agarwal, L. Wang, Y. Su, P. Kumar, "All-optical loadable and erasable storage buffer based on parametric nonlinearity in fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2229-2237 (2005).
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  11. N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Moro, B. P. P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, "1.83-$\mu$s wavelength-transparent all-optical delay," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Post Deadline Paper PDPA1.
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  13. S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, "Fine ($ < 0.5$ ps) and course tuning ($ > 15$ ps) of optical delays using acousto-optic mixing with a 1-pm tunable laser," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) presented at theBaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CMJJ2..
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  20. S. Namiki, "Tunable dispersion compensation using parametric processes," Proc. OFC (2008) pp. 1-3.
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  23. Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2376-2378 (2005).
  24. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
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  27. P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).

2009 (3)

2008 (5)

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu, A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable delays using parametric mixing and phase conjugation in Si nanowaveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 10349-10357 (2008).

O. F. Yilmaz, L. Christen, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, I. Fazal, A. E. Willner, "Time-slot interchange of 40 Gbits/s variable length optical packets using conversion-dispersion based tunable delays," Opt. Lett. 33, 1954-1956 (2008).

N. K. Fontaine, J. Yang, Z. Pan, S. Chu, W. Chen, B. E. Little, S. J. Ben Yoo, "Continuously tunable optical buffering at 40 Gb/s for optical packet switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3776-3783 (2008).

C. Tian, C. Wu, Z. Li, N. Guo, "Dual-wavelength packets buffering in dual-loop optical buffer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 578-580 (2008).

S. Namiki, "Wide-band and -range tunable dispersion compensation through parametric wavelength conversion and dispersive optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 28-35 (2008).

2007 (1)

B. A. Small, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "A modular, scalable, extensible, and transparent optical packet buffer," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 978-985 (2007).

2006 (2)

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).

N. Chi, J. J. V. Olmos, K. Thakulsukanant, Z. Wang, O. Ansell, S. Yu, D. Huang, "Experimental characteristics of optical crosspoint switch matrix and its applications in optical packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3646-3653 (2006).

2005 (4)

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers: Capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005).

A. Agarwal, L. Wang, Y. Su, P. Kumar, "All-optical loadable and erasable storage buffer based on parametric nonlinearity in fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2229-2237 (2005).

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2376-2378 (2005).

P. A. Andersen, T. Tokle, Y. Geng, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Wavelength conversion of a 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal using four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1908-1910 (2005).

2004 (1)

Y.-K. Yeo, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A dynamically reconfigurable folded-path time delay buffer for optical packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2559-2561 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).

2001 (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, A. Tzanakaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 129-135 (2001).

1999 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

1996 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

1993 (2)

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, T. Chikama, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 92-95 (1993).

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. M. Derosier, "10-Gb/s 360-km transmission over dispersive fiber using midsystem spectral inversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 663-666 (1993).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter, A. Tzanakaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 129-135 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

Y.-K. Yeo, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A dynamically reconfigurable folded-path time delay buffer for optical packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2559-2561 (2004).

C. Tian, C. Wu, Z. Li, N. Guo, "Dual-wavelength packets buffering in dual-loop optical buffer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 578-580 (2008).

S. Watanabe, T. Naito, T. Chikama, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion in a single-mode fiber by optical phase conjugation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 92-95 (1993).

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. M. Derosier, "10-Gb/s 360-km transmission over dispersive fiber using midsystem spectral inversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 663-666 (1993).

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2376-2378 (2005).

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

P. A. Andersen, T. Tokle, Y. Geng, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Wavelength conversion of a 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal using four-wave mixing in a dispersion-flattened highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1908-1910 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (9)

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3677-3682 (2006).

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 955-966 (1996).

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).

S. Namiki, "Wide-band and -range tunable dispersion compensation through parametric wavelength conversion and dispersive optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 28-35 (2008).

A. Agarwal, L. Wang, Y. Su, P. Kumar, "All-optical loadable and erasable storage buffer based on parametric nonlinearity in fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2229-2237 (2005).

B. A. Small, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "A modular, scalable, extensible, and transparent optical packet buffer," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 978-985 (2007).

N. Chi, J. J. V. Olmos, K. Thakulsukanant, Z. Wang, O. Ansell, S. Yu, D. Huang, "Experimental characteristics of optical crosspoint switch matrix and its applications in optical packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3646-3653 (2006).

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers: Capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005).

N. K. Fontaine, J. Yang, Z. Pan, S. Chu, W. Chen, B. E. Little, S. J. Ben Yoo, "Continuously tunable optical buffering at 40 Gb/s for optical packet switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3776-3783 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

Y. Dai, X. Chen, Y. Okawachi, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, C. Xu, "1 $\mu$s tunable delay using parametric mixing and optical phase conjugation in Si waveguides," Opt. Exp. 17, 7004-7010 (2009).

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu, A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable delays using parametric mixing and phase conjugation in Si nanowaveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 10349-10357 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, "10-packet-depth, 40 Gb/s optical buffer with a $ < 0.5$ ns reconfiguration time using 116 ns, continuously tunable conversion/dispersion delays," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Post Deadline Paper PDPC7.

S. R. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, "Fine ($ < 0.5$ ps) and course tuning ($ > 15$ ps) of optical delays using acousto-optic mixing with a 1-pm tunable laser," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (CLEO) presented at theBaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CMJJ2..

S. Namiki, T. Kurosu, "17 ns tunable delay for picosecond pulses through simultaneous and independent control of delay and dispersion using cascaded parametric processes," Proc. ECOC (2008) pp. 1-2.

S. Namiki, "Tunable dispersion compensation using parametric processes," Proc. OFC (2008) pp. 1-3.

N. Alic, E. Myslivets, S. Moro, B. P. P. Kuo, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, "1.83-$\mu$s wavelength-transparent all-optical delay," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009) Post Deadline Paper PDPA1.

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